Authors:P. Nagy, A. R. Thompson, M. Schultz, and P. Solymosi
Chenopodium gyomfajok valamint rezisztens típusaik csírázásának dinamikája (Germination dynamics in resistant-biotype of Amaranthus and Chenopodium species). Növényvéd. 17, 114-118.
Amaranthus és Chenopodium gyomfajok valamint
Authors:Z. Berzsenyi, P. Solymosi, T. Árendás, and P. Bónis
The weed mass (g m
) recorded in the first 15 years (1965–1979) of a long-term, bifactorial, split-plot herbicide experiment (main plots: two types of soil cultivation, subplots: 7 herbicide treatments, with two control plots) without crops indicated that the best weed control was achieved with 10 kg ha
rates of simazine and atrazine. These were followed by 5 kg ha
ametryn, 10 kg ha
linuron and 2+2 kg ha
2,4-D, all with moderate efficiency, while 5 kg ha
prometryn and 10 kg ha
monolinuron resulted in poorer weed control. Medium deep ploughing once a year in autumn reduced the weed mass by 36.5%. There was a substantial year effect, well illustrated by the annual changes in weed mass both in the herbicide treatments and in the control plots. In plots treated with simazine and atrazine there was an exponential increase in the weed mass from the 17
year of the experiment, suggesting the multiplication of weed biotypes resistant to triazine. As a result of some herbicide treatments there was a shift in the monocot-dicot ratio.
The mechanism of acetolactate synthase (ALS) resistance to the inhibitory action of sulfonylurea is due to the selection of R1 and R2 biotypes of C. arvense with modified form of the ALS enzyme. They are less susceptible to the inhibition of sulfonylurea, but still functional. There was no significant difference between the susceptible and sulfonylurea-resistant biotypes in absorption and translocation of chlorsulfuron.
Authors:Eleonóra Fodor, E. Dósa, Á. Nagy, E. Nagy, and L. Ferenczy
two systemic fungicides on soil fungi Mycopathologia 79 93 99
Kay, S. J., Stewart, A.: The effect of fungicides on fungal antagonists of onion white rot and selection of dicarboximide-resistantbiotypes. Plant Pathol 43