Authors:Balázs Nagy, Ágnes Brandtmüller and Csaba Dózsa
Journal of Social Policy.
22. 1, 19–48.
Rice, N. – Smith, P. (2002): Strategic resourceallocation and funding decisions. In Options for Europe. In: Mossialos, E. – Dixon, A. – Figueras, J. – Kutzin, J. (eds
by diversifying their activities (Boer 2003 ). Hence the effectiveness of R&D resourceallocation and risk management of R&D project portfolios becomes a desirable task, and then causes a tremendous challenge for R&D organizations. Risk
Authors:Katajun Lindenberg, Carolin Szász-Janocha, Sophie Schoenmaekers, Ulrich Wehrmann and Eva Vonderlin
need individualized care, have been found to be both highly effective and economic ( Haaga, 2000 ; Lindenberg, 2012 ). Thus, considering limited resources, stepped-care models result in optimized resourceallocation.
In line with the
China has persevered its market-oriented economic transition since 1978. In this paper, we use the provincial-level NERI Index of Marketization from 1997 to 2014 and a panel data model to investigate the quantitative contribution of market-oriented reforms to China’s total factor productivity (TFP) and economic growth. Our results indicate that marketization reforms contributed 1.3 percentage points to China’s annual economic growth rate and accounted for 35 percent of the increase in TFP. This means that the institutional reforms significantly improved resource allocation. However, economic transition in China has not yet been completed and sustainability of future growth will depend on further market-oriented reforms.
Authors:Mariana Da Luz, Carla Marques-Portella, Mauro Mendlowicz, Sonia Gleiser, Evandro Silva Freire Coutinho and Ivan Figueira
A fair assessment of merit is needed for better resource allocation in the scientific community. We analyzed the performance
of the institutional h-index in the case of Brazilian Psychiatry Post-graduation Programs. Traditional bibliometric indicators
and the institutional h-index similarly ranked the programs, except for the Average Impact Factor. The institutional h-index
correlated strongly with the majority of the traditional bibliometric indicators, which did not occur with the Average Impact
Factor. The institutional h-index balances “quantity” and “quality”, and can be used as part of a panel of bibliometric indicators
to aid the peer-review process.
Authors:R. Szőllősi, A. Medvegy, E. Benyes, A. Németh and E. Mihalik
Numerous experiments have suggested that in many species higher floral display can be more attractive for pollinators, but the possibility of between-flower self-pollination, namely geitonogamy may reduce the floral longevity, the fitness of both individuals and the offspring. In this study we investigated how phenological parameters (mainly floral display) change temporally and how they affect the female reproductive success of cymose Iris sibirica. We found that in blooming sequence of both individuals and the population 3 sections can be separated. The number of levels and flowers per stalks on the plants observed was very variable yearly. Female reproductive success parameters (fruit set and seed set) showed intra- and interannual variations, which were probably due to intra-plant resource allocation.
Authors:Éva Komlósi, László Szerb, Zoltán J. Ács and Raquel Ortega-Argilés
This paper presents a regional application of the Global Entrepreneurship and Development Index (GEDI) methodology of Acs et al. (2013) to examine the level of entrepreneurship across Hungary’s seven NUTS-2 level regions between 2006 and 2012. The Regional Entrepreneurship and Development Index (REDI) has been constructed for capturing the individual efforts, and their contextual features, of entrepreneurship across regions. The REDI method builds on a Systems of Entrepreneurship Theory and provides a way to profile Regional Systems of Entrepreneurship. Important aspects of the REDI method include the Penalty for Bottleneck analysis, which helps in identifying constraining factors in Regional Systems of Entrepreneurship, and Policy Portfolio Optimisation analysis, which helps policymakers consider trade-offs between alternative policy scenarios and associated allocations of policy resources. The paper describes the entrepreneurial disparities amongst Hungarian regions and provides public policy suggestions to improve the level of entrepreneurship and to optimise resource allocation over the 14 pillars of entrepreneurship in the seven Hungarian regions.
Knowledge diffusion is the adaptation of knowledge in a broad range of scientific and engineering research and development. Tracing knowledge diffusion between science and technology is a challenging issue due to the complexity of identifying emerging patterns in a diverse range of possible processes. In this article, we describe an approach that combines complex network theory, network visualization, and patent citation analysis in order to improve the means for the study of knowledge diffusion. In particular, we analyze patent citations in the field of tissue engineering. We emphasize that this is the beginning of a longer-term endeavor that aims to develop and deploy effective, progressive, and explanatory visualization techniques for us to capture the dynamics of the evolution of patent citation networks. The work has practical implications on resource allocation, strategic planning, and science policy.