Authors:Balázs Nagy, Ágnes Brandtmüller, and Csaba Dózsa
Journal of Social Policy.
22. 1, 19–48.
Rice, N. – Smith, P. (2002): Strategic resourceallocation and funding decisions. In Options for Europe. In: Mossialos, E. – Dixon, A. – Figueras, J. – Kutzin, J. (eds
by diversifying their activities (Boer 2003 ). Hence the effectiveness of R&D resourceallocation and risk management of R&D project portfolios becomes a desirable task, and then causes a tremendous challenge for R&D organizations. Risk
Authors:Katajun Lindenberg, Carolin Szász-Janocha, Sophie Schoenmaekers, Ulrich Wehrmann, and Eva Vonderlin
need individualized care, have been found to be both highly effective and economic ( Haaga, 2000 ; Lindenberg, 2012 ). Thus, considering limited resources, stepped-care models result in optimized resourceallocation.
In line with the
Authors:Mariana Da Luz, Carla Marques-Portella, Mauro Mendlowicz, Sonia Gleiser, Evandro Silva Freire Coutinho, and Ivan Figueira
A fair assessment of merit is needed for better resource allocation in the scientific community. We analyzed the performance
of the institutional h-index in the case of Brazilian Psychiatry Post-graduation Programs. Traditional bibliometric indicators
and the institutional h-index similarly ranked the programs, except for the Average Impact Factor. The institutional h-index
correlated strongly with the majority of the traditional bibliometric indicators, which did not occur with the Average Impact
Factor. The institutional h-index balances “quantity” and “quality”, and can be used as part of a panel of bibliometric indicators
to aid the peer-review process.
China has persevered its market-oriented economic transition since 1978. In this paper, we use the provincial-level NERI Index of Marketization from 1997 to 2014 and a panel data model to investigate the quantitative contribution of market-oriented reforms to China’s total factor productivity (TFP) and economic growth. Our results indicate that marketization reforms contributed 1.3 percentage points to China’s annual economic growth rate and accounted for 35 percent of the increase in TFP. This means that the institutional reforms significantly improved resource allocation. However, economic transition in China has not yet been completed and sustainability of future growth will depend on further market-oriented reforms.
Twenty years after the political turn we could assume that the Hungarian cultural policy has changed a lot as more and more arm’s length aspects are being implemented into the system. The establishment of cultural funds and the decentralization of the resource allocation from the central government to the local governments are examples of this transition. But has this transition finished? Is there a transition by the roots or only at the peak of the iceberg? The paper’s aim is to try to find an answer for these questions through an analysis of Hungarian cultural policy, primarily the economic and social aspects. The paper concludes that the Hungarian cultural sector is too eclectic to be sustainable.
One crucial part of the operation of energy-grass-fired (herbaceous biomass) power plants is their supply with fuel. In our paper a hierarchical planning process and the description of a decision support application are presented, which help power plants combusting herbaceous biomass to run their processes cost-efficiently, taking into account safety requirements and the ability of reacting to unexpected events. The suggested application offers transportation planning, resource allocation to the transportation plan and detailed schedule of daily supply. With regard to the complexity of the problem the supply chain planning and operating process has been divided into six sequential decision situations. From biomass producers to power plant workers objectives of all supply chain actors had been surveyed, and risk minimization tools have also been built into the models. To fulfill all requirements and goals, a suggested IT infrastructure and application model is presented too.
Authors:R. Szőllősi, A. Medvegy, E. Benyes, A. Németh, and E. Mihalik
Numerous experiments have suggested that in many species higher floral display can be more attractive for pollinators, but the possibility of between-flower self-pollination, namely geitonogamy may reduce the floral longevity, the fitness of both individuals and the offspring. In this study we investigated how phenological parameters (mainly floral display) change temporally and how they affect the female reproductive success of cymose Iris sibirica. We found that in blooming sequence of both individuals and the population 3 sections can be separated. The number of levels and flowers per stalks on the plants observed was very variable yearly. Female reproductive success parameters (fruit set and seed set) showed intra- and interannual variations, which were probably due to intra-plant resource allocation.