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References Bell , D. T. and Hobbs , R. J. ( 2007 ): Jarrah forest ecosystem restoration: a foreword . – Restor. Ecol. 15 : S1 – S2 . https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1526

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.rocare.eu (Megtekintve: 2013. december 10.) Vidovszky, I.: Report ROCARE: Urban and architectural research Statistical evaluation of the market potential in the restoration of urban façades in the frame of the EU-project No. 226898

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Authors: R. Kiss, J. Sonkoly, P. Török, B. Tóthmérész, B. Deák, K. Tóth, K. Lukács, L. Godó, A. Kelemen, T. Miglécz, Sz. Radócz, E. Tóth, N. Balogh and O. Valkó

evolution of dormancy and germination . – Academic Press , San Diego , 666 pp. Bossuyt , B. and Honnay , O. ( 2008 ): Can the seed bank be used for ecological restoration? An

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746 749 Urbanska, K.M., N.R. Webb and P.J. Edwards. 1997. Restoration Ecology and Sustainable Development. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

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Authors: Denis A. Brosnan, John P. Sanders and Stephanie A. Hart

enhance petrographic analysis [ 5 – 7 ]. Characterization of historic clay bricks is essential for preservation and restoration processes [ 8 ]. Replacement materials must exhibit thermomechanical properties similar to the majority of bricks in the

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, W. M., A. B. Franklin, J. P. Ward, J. L. Ganey and G. C. White. 2001. Design and implementation of monitoring studies to evaluate the success of ecological restoration on wildlife. Restoration Ecol. 9: 293

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integrity , Conservation of Historic Stone Building and Monuments , National Academy Press , Washington DC , 1982 . [10] ICOMOS Charter, International Charter for the Conservation and Restoration of Monuments and

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Authors: Ákos Kusnyerik, Miklós Resch, Tamás Roska, Kristóf Karacs, Florian Gekeler, Robert Wilke, Heval Benav, Eberhart Zrenner, Ildikó Süveges and János Németh

., Bartz-Schmidt, K. U., Besch, D. és mtsai: Restoration of useful vision up to letter recognition capabilities using subretinal microphotodiodes. Conf. Proc. IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. Soc., 2010, 1 , 5919–5922. Besch

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How should the somewhat vague term of restoration success be measured? This is a critical question rooted in European law, where in fact the creation of proper replacement habitats is a prerequisite for permitting projects that trigger a loss of species or habitats. Previous studies have used indices that relied on a comparison to reference sites, for example the number of a predefined pool of target species or compositional similarity. However, since restoration sites have rarely the same biotic and abiotic conditions as reference sites, plant communities in restored sites will not perfectly match the reference sites. Furthermore, such indices fail when reference sites are lacking or degraded. Hence, there is a need for an alternative approach that evaluates the conservation value of a restored site independently from reference sites. We propose that naturalness indicator values can be an option to measure restoration success. The approach of using naturalness indicator values makes use of the fact that plants are able to indicate environmental parameters, including degradation and regeneration. We compared and measured the restoration success of three well-established methods for grassland restoration (sod transplantation, hay transfer, seeding) with three commonly used indices (diversity, number of target species, similarity to reference sites). The results verified earlier studies and showed that sod transplantation led to the highest restoration success followed by hay transfer and seeding of sitespecific seed mixtures. Further, we used those well-established indices for an evaluation of novel, naturalness-based indices (unweighted and cover-weighted mean naturalness indicator values, the sum of naturalness indicator values). While calculating the means of naturalness indicator values failed to offer conclusive information on restoration success, we could show that the sum of naturalness indicator values was highly correlated with the number of target species and compositional similarity to reference sites. Thus, our case study demonstrated that naturalness indices can be an excellent option to estimate success in grassland restoration.

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Authors: István Hartyánszky, A. Tóth, G. Veres, B. Berta, E. Zima, Z. Szabolcs, G. Y. Acsády, B. Merkely and F. Horkay

Abstract

Background: Although circular ventricle resection techniques are the gold standard of left ventricle restoration, these techniques can lead to suboptimal results. Postoperative systolic resection line can be inadequate, as it must be planned on a heart stopped in diastole. The impaired geometry and contractility may lead to increased short- and long-term mortality. Moreover, postoperative low cardiac output due to insufficient left ventricular volume results in a potentially unstable condition, and cannot be corrected. Our aim was to find a preoperative method to minimize risk and maximize outcome with left ventricle restoration. Methods: We have created a novel method combining surgery with modern imaging techniques to construct a preoperative 3D systolic heart model. The model was utilized to determine resection could be intraoperatively used to create the new left ventricle. Results: The computer assisted ventricle engineering technique is described step by step through a successful aneurysmectomy of a 61-year-old female patient with a complicated giant left ventricle aneurysm. Conclusions: Using this model we are able to find the optimal resection line providing excellent postoperative result, thus minimizing the risk of low cardiac output syndrome. This is the first report of our new combined approach to left ventricle restoration.

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