Authors:C.-Y. Jhu, Y.-W. Wang, C.-Y. Wen, C.-C. Chiang, and C.-M. Shu
power in the 3C, have occurred over the previous years [ 3 ]. Lithium-ion batteries are exposed at high temperature holding in a period of time, and higher energy density of electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries could result in thermal runaway
Authors:Yu-Chuan Liang, Can-Yong Jhu, Sheng-Hung Wu, Sun-Ju Shen, and Chi-Min Shu
these reasons, MEKPO has resulted in much hazardous behavior and runaway reaction [ 12 ]. In the past, many thermal hazard incidents were caused by MEKPO in Asia, as shown in the selected serious accidents concerning MEKPO in Table 1 [ 13 , 14 ]. In
Authors:Hung-Cheng Chou, Sheng-Hung Wu, Chung-Cheng Chiang, Jao-Jia Horng, Jen-Hao Chi, and Chi-Min Shu
Taiwan. The report of the investigation was applied to describe the cause involving a pipeline crack and CHP releasing. Thermal explosions and runaway reactions of CHP in the oxidation tower, reactor, and storage tank have been collected in Table 1 [ 4
Authors:Chia-Yuan Wen, Can-Yong Jhu, Yih-Wen Wang, Chung-Cheng Chiang, and Chi-Min Shu
in China [ 10 , 11 ]. From these events the thermal hazards and runaway nature of LiFePO 4 batteries were established urgently. For this reason, we investigated the initial reaction of 18650 LiFePO 4 battery under adiabatic condition by vent sizing
Authors:Mei-Li You, Jo-Ming Tseng, Ming-Yang Liu, and Chi-Min Shu
Pooling lauroyl peroxide (LPO) with nitric acid, we used differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) to assess the thermokinetic
parameters, such as exothermic onset temperature (T0), heat of decomposition (ΔHd), frequency factor (A), and the other safety parameters. When LPO was contaminated with nitric acid (HNO3), we found the exploder 1-nitrododecane. Obvious products were sensitive and hazardous chemicals. Concentration reaching
1–12 N HNO3 emitted a large amount of heat. This study combined with curve-fitting method to elucidate its unsafe characteristics and
thermally sensitive structure to help prevent runaway reactions, fires and explosions in the process environment. According
to the findings and the concept of inherently safer design, LPO runaway reactions could be adequately prevented in the relevant
Thermal runaway reactions associated with exothermic behaviors of tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP) solutions and TBHP reacting with alkaline contaminants were studied. A differential scanning calorimetry
(DSC) was used to characterize these inherent behaviors of TBHP solutions with KOH, NaOH, LiOH and NH4OH. The exothermic peak in thermal curves of TBHP solutions with different alkali were detected by DSC thermal analysis. By
thermal analysis, we compared various heats of decomposition of TBHP solutions with alkaline impurities, and determined the
incompatible hazards of various TBHP solutions with alkaline contaminants. Comparing with TBHP in various diluents, the adiabatic
runaway reaction via vent sizing package 2 (VSP2) indicated that aqueous TBHP intrinsically possesses the phenomena of thermal
explosion with dramatic self-reactive rate and pressure rise under adiabatic conditions. Many commercial organic peroxides
may have different hazard behaviors. Therefore, using thermal method to classify the hazards is an important subject.
Authors:S. Cheng, J. Tseng, S. Lin, J. Gupta, and C. Shu
Tert-butyl peroxybenzoate (TBPB) is one of the sensitive and hazardous chemicals which have been popularly employed in petrifaction
industries in the past. This study attempted to elucidate its unsafe characteristics and thermally sensitive structure so
as to help prevent runaway reactions, fires or explosions in the process environment. We employed differential scanning calorimetry
(DSC) to assess the kinetic parameters (such as exothermic onset temperature (T0), heat of reaction (ΔH), frequency factor (A)), and the other safety parameters using four different scanning rates (1, 2, 4 and 10°C min−1) combined with curve-fitting method.
The results indicated that TBPB becomes very dangerous during decomposition reactions; the onset temperature and reaction
heat were about 100°C and 1300 J g−1, respectively. Through this study, TBPB accidents could be reduced to an accepted level with safety parameters under control.
According to the findings in the study and the concept of inherent safety, TBPB runaway reactions could be thoroughly prevented
in the relevant plants.
To study the thermal explosion of liquids a low pressure autoclave has been built. The first stage of a thermal explosion, the thermal runaway, has been studied. Evaluation of the temperature-time history results in kinetic data. Comparison with other thermal methods shows that the reliability of the method is better than with DTA.
Authors:Mei-Li You, Ming-Yang Liu, Sheng-Hung Wu, Jen-Hao Chi, and Chi-Min Shu
Lauroyl peroxide (LPO) is a typical organic peroxide that has caused many thermal runaway reactions and explosions. Differential
scanning calorimetry (DSC) was employed to determine the fundamental thermokinetic parameters that involved exothermic onset
temperature (T0), heat of decomposition (ΔHd), and other safety parameters for loss prevention of runaway reactions and thermal explosions. Frequency factor (A) and activation
energy (Ea) were calculated by Kissinger model, Ozawa equation, and thermal safety software (TSS) series via DSC experimental data.
Liquid thermal explosion (LTE) by TSS was employed to simulate the thermal explosion development for various types of storage
tank. In view of loss prevention, calorimetric application and model analysis to integrate thermal hazard development were
necessary and useful for inherently safer design.