Diez Medrano, J. (1994): The Effects of Ethnic Segregation and Ethnic Competition on Political Mobilization in the Basque Country, 1988. American Sociological Review , 59 (6): 873-889.
The Effects of Ethnic Segregation and
Morales , M.B. , J. Traba , E. Carriles , M. P. Delgado and E. L. García de la Morena . 2008 . Sexual differences in microhabitat selection of breeding Little Bustards Tetrax tetrax : ecological segregation based on vegetation structure . Acta
( Figs 2 and 3 ). The neighborhood, with its valuable built heritage, has been relegated to the periphery of the town and is now considered as an area at risk of segregation [ 1 ]. The objective of this study is to establish an urbanistic and
-network connectivity and decreased between-network connectivity ( Baum et al., 2017 ). Similar results have been found in resting-state brain network modules ( Fair et al., 2007 ). Furthermore, successful modular segregation of brain networks contributes to the
Dense in-group and scarce out-group relations (network segregation) often support the emergence of conflicts between groups. A key underlying mechanism is social control that helps to overcome the collective action problem within groups, but contributes to harmful conflicts among them in segregated settings. In this study, a new experimental design is introduced to test whether internalized social control affects contribution decisions in intergroup-related collective action. Subjects played single-shot Intergroup Public Good games in two groups of five each without communication. Subjects were connected via computers and connection patterns were manipulated to detect forms of social control that are activated conditional on expectations and on the composition of the artificially created ego-network. Results confirm the influence of behavioral confirmation and the conditional impact of internalized traitor and selective incentives. As an aggregated consequence of these social control effects, harmful intergroup outcomes were least likely when members of the groups were arranged in a mixed network. JEL classification: C91; C92; D74; H41; Z13
A model is proposed to describe the kinetics of solute segregation to partial dislocations in solid solutions of cold-rolled
alloys. The case when half edge and half screw dislocations are present is considered. The model gives account of the kinetic
behaviour observed in a deformed Cu-19 at% Al alloy where two unknown processes could be assessed during calorimetric isothermal
experiments. The faster process corresponds to segregation to screw dissociated dislocations while the slower one corresponds
to segregation to edge dissociated dislocations. Experimental activation energies, larger for edge dislocations, are close
to that for pipe diffusion along the partials corrected by pinner binding energy terms. It is also predicted that segregation
occurs faster as the dislocation density is increased. A quantitative comparison of experimental results with model predictions
In our surrounding acoustic world sounds are produced by different sources and interfere with each other before arriving to the ears. A key function of the auditory system is to provide consistent and robust descriptions of the coherent sound groupings and sequences (auditory objects), which likely correspond to the various sound sources in the environment. This function has been termed auditory stream segregation. In the current study we tested the effects of separation in the frequency of amplitude modulation on the segregation of concurrent sound sequences in the auditory stream–segregation paradigm (van Noorden 1975). The aim of the study was to assess 1) whether differential amplitude modulation would help in separating concurrent sound sequences and 2) whether this cue would interact with previously studied static cues (carrier frequency and location difference) in segregating concurrent streams of sound. We found that amplitude modulation difference is utilized as a primary cue for the stream segregation and it interacts with other primary cues such as frequency and location difference.
Pure alkali metal preparation is a complex problem: in most available commercial samples, all of them are simultaneously present. Conventional separation techniques are not always effective enough to reach parts per million total impurity levels. However, near the melting point, superficial segregation occurs. A zone melting derived technique coupled with a specifically developed solvent extraction process allows the total impurity content of sodium to be lowered below a few parts per million. The described thermal process, although using chemical reactions, is purely physically steered: it purifies as well potassium containing sodium as sodium containing potassium. 4 alkali metals are considered: Li, Na; K, and Cs.
Competing groups in a population will be integrated or segregated depending on their contest strategies.
In this work a population of a fixed proportion of hawks and doves is supposed to be able to employ two different contest
strategies, one more competitive than the other one. Energies are derived for populations employing these strategies and these
energies depend on the availability of the resource for which hawks and doves compete.
The energy for the less competitive strategy is lower than the other one when the resource is abundant. In that case hawks
and doves can be in cohabitation in all proportions. If, however, the resource is scarce, the energy of the more competitive
strategy is lower than the other one. In that case complete segregation of hawks and doves into colonies will result.
The situation is akin to the phase pressure diagram of a binary solution with eutectic point, miscibility gap in the liquid
phase and complete miscibility in the vapour phase.
The human auditory system is capable of grouping sounds originating from different sound sources into coherent auditory streams, a process termed auditory stream segregation. Several cues can influence auditory stream segregation, but the full set of cues and the way in which they are integrated is still unknown. In the current study, we tested whether auditory motion can serve as a cue for segregating sequences of tones. Our hypothesis was that, following the principle of common fate, sounds emitted by sources moving together in space along similar trajectories will be more likely to be grouped into a single auditory stream, while sounds emitted by independently moving sources will more often be heard as two streams. Stimuli were derived from sound recordings in which the sound source motion was induced by walking humans. Although the results showed a clear effect of spatial separation, auditory motion had a negligible influence on stream segregation. Hence, auditory motion may not be used as a primitive cue in auditory stream segregation.