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cultural perspectives on shame, competition, and cooperation J.L. Tracy R.W. Robins J.P. Tangney

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from compulsive online sexual behavior 2001 Elison, J., Lennon, R. & Pulos, S. (2006). Investigating the compass of shame

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The range of violence comprises severe physical abuse and different methods of mental torture as well as social discrimination. Beside the traumas themselves, these acts also burden the victims with shame. Finnish writer Sofi Oksanen (born 1977) discusses these issues in her works. As a writer, Oksanen is very sensitive to social issues, discrimination and the unfairness of history. Most of her characters suffer from the shame of inferiority caused by physical or mental violence. Oksanen analyzes the influence of shame in our lives, and her characters demonstrate several different responses to the feeling.

Eyesight and our looks play an important role in recognizing or hiding the humiliating episodes of our past. Appearance often reflects all our inner struggles and represents our mental state, wherefore a given individual’s manner of personal care and habits of shaping the body reveal a great deal about the person. Personal and beauty care come up in different ways in Oksanen’s novels and have varying symbolic meanings, but they have at least one thing in common: they are related to creating a false identity, one which is more acceptable for those in the surrounding environment.

This paper analyzes the mechanism of shame connected to the feeling of inferiority, concentrating on four of Oksanen’s novels (Stalin’s Cows, Baby Jane, Purge and When the Doves Disappeared). Although violence can lead to mental disorders and the shame of inferiority also belongs to the domain of emotions, the paper focuses on the physical consequences of the victims’ mental state, which can vary from severe physical disorders to everyday personal grooming or beauty care.

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& Robins, 2004 , 2007 ) – has emerged in research aimed at understanding exercise behavior. This study aimed to expand this line of research by exploring the relationship between self-conscious emotions (SCEs) of shame, guilt, and pride emerging from a

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A szégyen mediációs szerepe a stigma és az életminőség kapcsolatában coeliakiában szenvedő betegek körében.

A 8 tételes Stigmatizáció Krónikus Betegségekben Kérdőív magyar adaptálása

Shame mediates the relationship between stigma and quality of life among patients with coeliac disease.

The Hungarian adaptation of the Stigma Scale for Chronic Illness-8
Orvosi Hetilap
Henrietta Szőcs
Zsolt Horváth
, and
Gabriella Vizin

-free diet. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2016; 29: 374–382. 33 Andrews B, Qian M, Valentine JD. Predicting depressive symptoms with a new measure of shame: the Experience of Shame Scale

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A szégyen fogalma az individualista és a kollektivista kultúrákban. Egy kognitív nyelvészeti megközelítés

The concept of shame in individualist and collectivist cultures. A cognitive linguistic approach

Eszter Nucz

University Press . 18. Lewis , H. B. ( 1971 ): Shame and Guilt in Neurosis . New York , International University Press . 19

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and socioeconomic factors were analysed ( Kronofogden, 2022 ). In line with this a qualitative study using a hermeneutic phenomenological design from South Chorea indicated that women gambled to escape loneliness and that guilt and shame were

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Ritual public humiliation

Using pragmatics to model language aggression

Acta Linguistica Academica
Dániel Z. Kádár
Puyu Ning

and shame in Chinese culture: A cross-cultural framework from the perspective of morality and identity . Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour . 33 . 127 – 144 . Birrell

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A tanulmány először a pszichológia eszköztárával vizsgálja a bűntudatot és a szégyent, majd a személyiségre gyakorolt hatásukat írja le. Ennek kapcsán kitér a felelősség kérdésére, a döntési szabadságra, valamint a személyiségre gyakorolt pozitív és negatív hatásokra is: az ellenséges érzésekre, adaptációs zavarokra, az ekkléziogén neurózisra és általában a vallásosságra gyakorolt hatásra. A teológusoknak és a pszichológusoknak a bűntudatról alkotott, egymástól eltérő vélekedése vezet a lelkigondozók és a pszichoterapeuták lehetséges együttműködésének elméleti és gyakorlati területére, esetleges problémáira. A tanulmányt olyan családterápiás esetek zárják, melyeket lelkigondozó és pszichoterapeuta együtt vezettek, és amelyeknek fókuszában a delegált bűntudat áll.

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