Many European cities offer a vivid cultural landscape and numerous live-music opportunities. Some of the events aim at young audiences and develop cooperation projects with schools (Schwanse, 2003). The Schools@Concerts research project focuses on long-established cooperation projects between schools and concert hosts and tries to give insights into the structure of them. This article describes the Salzburg single case study, where besides the music teacher, the school students and the concert host also a didactics course from the music teacher training at the university is involved. By collecting data with interviews and questionnaires with all participating partners, the research group tries to outline the different roles within the cooperation project and compares the varying goals, tasks and expectations of the participating partners.
Authors:Giovanni Martinotti, Eleonora Chillemi, Matteo Lupi, Luisa De Risio, Mauro Pettorruso and Massimo Di Giannantonio
Gambling disorder (GD) is a major public health concern with currently no validated and efficacious treatments approved. In this single case study, we report the short- and long-term effect of bilateral transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) of dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) on craving and impulse control in a subject with GD.
The patient is a 26-year-old Caucasian male with an 8-year history of GD as well as alcohol and cocaine misuse. Treatment consisted of twice-a-day stimulation for 10 days. According to the literature, both the left (to control craving) and the right (to control emotional impulses) DLPFC were stimulated. Patients subsequently received tDCS once a week for 3 months and then once every 2 weeks for another 3 months.
After 10 days of treatment, the subject reported improved psychiatric symptoms (depression, anxiety, and impulsivity), as well as reduced gambling craving symptom severity. After 3 and 6 months of treatment, the clinical picture further improved.
This is the first report of tDCS effectiveness in a single case study of GD. Therapeutic effects, both on the addictive behavior and on psychiatric comorbid symptomatology, were lasting and continued over 6 months of tDCS maintenance treatment. Future case–control studies are required to test the efficacy of this tool in patients with GD.
Lepeduš, H., Cesar, V. and Has-Schön, E. (2001): The effect of disturbed mineral nutrition on Picea omorika Pancic needles - a singlecasestudy. - Nat. Croat. 10 : 293-304.
The effect of disturbed mineral nutrition on Picea
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