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D. Lebaron M. M. Fryer 1987 What is in a smile? Psychology of Women Quarterly 11 341

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Smile asymmetries and reputation as reliable indicators of likelihood to cooperate: an evolutionary analysis S. P. Shohov Advances in Psychology Research, 11

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Authors: András Béres, Zsuzsanna Lelovics, Péter Antal, Gergely Hajós, András Gézsi, Árpád Czéh, Erika Lantos and Tamás Major

A pozitív élményekkel kapcsolatos pszicho-neuro-immunológiai vizsgálatok száma kevés, klinikai alkalmazhatósága korlátozott. Célkitűzés: A Mosolygó Kórház Alapítvány művészeinek beteg gyermekekre gyakorolt hatását vizsgálták a szerzők. Módszer: Branülön keresztül, fájdalommentesen vérmintákat vettek infektológiai osztályon mesélő, bábos és kézműves művészek látogatása előtt 30 perccel és utána egy órával. Huszonnégy gyermeket meglátogattak a művészek, a kontrollcsoportban kilenc gyermek volt. Vizsgálták a vérben a lymphocytaszámot és a Th1/Th2 citokinszinteket. A művészek a látogatást követően hatásukat szubjektív skálán értékelték. Eredmények: A meglátogatott csoportban a lymphocytaszám-emelkedés 8,43%-kal kifejezettebb, a csökkenés 12,45%-kal mérsékeltebb volt. A meglátogatott csoportban a lymphocytaszám-emelkedést mutató gyermekek aránya nagyobb volt. A változások a művészek szerint sikeresebb látogatásoknál voltak kifejezettebbek. A meglátogatott csoportban páros t-próbával nem szignifikáns, de nagy szórás mellett is mérhető változást találtunk az interferon-γ-szintben (p < 0,055) és a Th1/Th2 citokin mérlegben (q-érték = 0,076 permutációs teszttel). Következtetések: Ez az első gyermekeken végzett klinikai pszicho-neuro-immunológiai felmérés, amely azt jelzi, hogy a gyermekekre fordított kitüntetett figyelem esetén gyors immunváltozásokkal is számolhatunk. Orv. Hetil., 2011, 152, 1739–1744.

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1993 Behavioural markers and recognizability of the smile of enjoyment Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 64 83 93

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Authors: Annamária Bakos, Árpád Szomor, Tamás Schneider, Zsófia Miltényi, Imelda Marton, Zita Borbényi, Judit Pammer, László Krenács, Enikő Bagdi and Klára Piukovics

AW, Leung AY, et al. Quantification of circulating Epstein-Barr virus DNA in NK/T-cell lymphoma treated with the SMILE protocol: diagnostic and prognostic significance. Leukemia 2014; 28: 865

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Abstract  

The tensor integral of a vector valued function f: Ω → X with respect to a countably additive vector valued measure v: Σ → Y has been defined by Stefansson in [14] and he has investigated many of its properties. The integral is an element of the injective tensor product X

\documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{upgreek} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \pagestyle{empty} \DeclareMathSizes{10}{9}{7}{6} \begin{document} $$\overset{\lower0.5em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\smile}$}}{ \otimes }$$ \end{document}
Y. We study the Banach space L 1(v, X, Y) of all
\documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{upgreek} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \pagestyle{empty} \DeclareMathSizes{10}{9}{7}{6} \begin{document} $$\overset{\lower0.5em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\smile}$}}{ \otimes }$$ \end{document}
-integrable functions and discuss many properties of this space. We also study the space w-L 1(v, X, Y) of all weakly
\documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{upgreek} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \pagestyle{empty} \DeclareMathSizes{10}{9}{7}{6} \begin{document} $$\overset{\lower0.5em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\smile}$}}{ \otimes }$$ \end{document}
-integrable functions.

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Null and cognate objects and changes in (in)transitivity

Evidence from the history of English

Author: Nikolaos Lavidas

This paper examines the historical development of null objects (e.g., *He took the loaf and held Ø between his hands) and cognate objects (e.g., He sang a song) in English. We will demonstrate that English lost definite/referential (and indefinite) null objects (only generic null objects are possible in present-day English, e.g., They have the ability to impress and delight Ø) but extended the range of cognate objects (which is now also possible with activity/event nouns, e.g., He smiled a disarming smile). Cross-linguistic diachronic comparison (using data from the history of the Greek language) reveals that the historical development described is language-specific and that both directions of change (loss or rise) of null and cognate objects are possible. We will test the hypothesis that there is a connection between the availability of such (de)transitivization processes and changes that affect the syntactic representation of aspectual distinctions. More precisely, we will examine the hypothesis that in English, both the loss of definite null objects and the rise of cognate objects with activity/event nouns are linked to the grammaticalization of the viewpoint (progressive) aspect (be + V + ing). We will show that the grammaticalization of the viewpoint aspect in English has not affected the development and loss of null object constructions. However, the grammaticalization of the viewpoint aspect appears to have progressed in parallel with activity/event-noun cognate objects.

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–1289. Ekman, P., Davidson, R. J., Friesen, W. V.: The Duchenne smile: emotional expression and brain physiology. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol., 1990, 58 (2), 342–353. Berk, R. A.: The active ingredients in humor

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This investigation is one of the first to adopt quantile regression (QR) technique to examine covariance risk dynamics in international stock markets. Feasibility of the proposed model is demonstrated in G7 stock markets. Additionally, two conventional random-coefficient frameworks, including time-varying betas derived from GARCH models and state-varying betas implied by Markov-switching models, are employed and subjected to comparative analysis. The empirical findings of this work are consistent with the following notions. First, the beta smile (beta skew) curve for the Italian, U.S. and U.K. (Canadian, French and German) markets. That is, covariance risk among global stock markets in extremely bull and/or bear market states is significantly higher than in stable periods. Additionally, the Japanese market provides a special case, and its beta estimate at extremely bust state is significantly lower, not higher than that at the middle region. Second, the quantile-varying betas are identified as possessing two key advantages. Specifically, the comparison of the system with quantile-varying betas against that with time-varying betas implied by GARCH models provides meaningful implications for correlation-volatility relationship among international stock markets. Furthermore, the quantile-varying beta design in this study relaxes a simple dual beta setting implied by Markov-switching models of Ramchand — Susmel (1998) and can identify dynamics of asymmetry in betas.

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Abstract

People who are particularly vulnerable to disease may reduce their likelihood of contracting illnesses during social interactions by having particularly strong aversions to individuals who appear ill. Consistent with this proposal, here we show that men and women who perceive themselves to be particularly vulnerable to disease have stronger preferences for apparent health in dynamic faces than individuals who perceive themselves to be relatively less vulnerable to disease. This relationship was independent of possible effects of general disgust sensitivity. Furthermore, perceived vulnerability to disease was not related to preferences for other facial cues that are attractive but do not necessarily signal an individual's current health (i.e. perceiver-directed smiles). Our findings complement previous studies implicating perceived vulnerability to disease in attitudes to out-group individuals and those with physical abnormalities by implicating perceived vulnerability to disease as a factor in face preferences. Collectively, our findings reveal a relatively domain-specific association between perceived vulnerability to disease and the strength of aversions to facial cues associated with illness. Additionally, they are further evidence that variation in attractiveness judgments is not arbitrary, but rather reflects potentially adaptive individual differences in face preferences.

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