Issues related to international competitiveness with regard to social protection, labour markets and effective government are not too many. Hence, this paper pleads for a new vision, one that puts social policy issues' influence, distributive justice and equality firmly back at the centre of the debate about the type of international competitiveness that should be pursued in post-transformation societies, such as Hungary. The study explores the effects of labour-market policies, introduces the term “disembedded social policy” and explores later the possibility of re-embedding this policy. State attention must be focused on reasonable ratios of income equality, similar levels of welfare. The state budget will have to concentrate the neccessary resources for these purposes which limits assets meant for enhancement of competitiveness. Efficient and well-functioning competitiveness policy requests an efficient state administration, as well. The study explores the issue of decentralization and state administration, the role of the state in delegating certain powers to lower levels of administration. Impoverished and weakened governments find it increasingly difficult to pursue the kind of effective micro-economic policies (industrial support and regional development strategies) that are essential features of all successful competitive policies and development experiences. The final part of the study deals with the connection between local governments, competitiveness and democracy.
in socialprotection of workers, whilst showing that currently the EU is taking the lead in many fields. By commenting on recent basic documents of both the EU and ILO, the conclusion can be made that the solid and real interaction between both ‘legal
looks at how labour markets are changing as a result of these megatrends ( Section 3 ). The adequacy of employment, socialprotection and skill development policies in the Visegrad countries to cope with these changes is discussed in Section 4 . The
Authors:Ernesto R. Ferreira, João D. Monteiro, and José R. Pires Manso
the Era of Economic Crisis: A Replication of a Cross-Sectional Study across Greece . Journal of Affective Disorders 145 ( 3 ): 308 – 314 .
Eurostat ( 2016 ): SocialProtection Statistics – Statistics Explained
(only in GMM), education, socialprotection (no lag was used) –positive impact of research expenditures, defence (only in GMM), public order and police –minimal positive impact of housing and community amenities, but not significant Fölster – Henrekson
Mouvements Sociaux, FSM , le 20. février 2005.
Attract more… (2005): Attract more people into employment and modernise socialprotection systems. http://www.europa.eu.int/growthandjobs/areas/fiche08_en.htm, 2005
Have we reached the point where more spending on health care and other forms of social protection is not producing better health as measured by reductions in population mortality? Drawing on two decades of research and mortality statistics (1995–2015) for 17 OECD countries, our analysis confirms and builds on the observed relationship between the returns and investments in health and social welfare spending. First, the results suggest that there is a differential effect of socioeconomic, lifestyle and demography variables on total and cause-specific mortality rates. Second, the basic premise of an association between health care expenditure and mortality rates is reinforced in models that take into account public-only health expenditure and its impact on older age groups. Third, a strong protective effect of government-sponsored welfare expenditure on infant mortality was observed. This effect is weaker on other causes of death and suggests that older individuals, in this sample of developed countries, may have reached a stage of the epidemiological transition in which health improvement is indifferent to government assistance and depends largely on behavioural change.
Protection: Public, Semi-Public or Private. In: Pieters, D. (ed.): Confidence and Changes. Managing SocialProtection in the New Millenium. EISS Yearbook.
Confidence and Changes. Managing SocialProtection in the