Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 3 of 3 items for :

  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All

The book of Latin stylistics Syntaxis ornata seu de tribus Latinae linguae virtutibus (1754) deals with the three virtues of Latin — purity, refinement and richness. The attention is focused on the issues of word and sentence purity on the background of the vernacular languages of Hungary in the 18th century. The author emphasizes how to avoid lexical and syntactical barbarisms and solecisms. This paper presents the most frequent mistakes made in Latin bases on the extensive lists in the book, which also allow the investigation of the analogies and differences between classical and neo-Latin syntactic structures. Principally, these occur in the predominant use of the conjunction quod instead of ut and of infinitive forms. The grammar book is also significant from the perspective of modern philology, as it also observes the progress and reciprocal influence of the domestic — German, Hungarian and Slovak — vocabularies.

Restricted access

Ps.-Herodian’s treatise De barbarismo et soloecismo (Valckenaer/Villoison) cites theog. 321 ἦν τρεῖς ϰεϕαλαί as an example of the incorrect use of number as in this passage ἦν is accounted a third-person singular of εἶναι. This view is shared by several ancient and modern scholars, who regard the supposed incongruence as either a peculiarity of syntax or a figure (σχῆμα). In this paper I shall argue that there is morphological, dialectal, syntactical and stylistic evidence that theog. 321 ἦν is an original third-person plural of εἶναι. While discussing the plausibility of ἦν τρεῖς ϰεϕαλαί being a so-called σχῆμα Πινδαριϰόν I also suggest an old plural reading for Pind. fr. 78 Snell–Maehler.

Restricted access