Chancery manuals, copybooks of correspondence, and other bound miscellanies of the classical Ottoman period are a rich, yet insufficiently known and underutilised resource for the study of political and cultural history. This essay describes the origins, types, contents and uses of these manuscript compilations, their cultural and historical significance, and some ideas concerning the circumstances of their production. Following a discussion of the potential of primary sources of this kind for political and cultural history, the essay concludes with an extensive annotated bibliography outlining the state of research on the subject.
In this paper, the author studies the sources about the activity of Brun of Querfurt in Kiev. The narrative sources are well-known but on the basis of the new edition of the text it is possible to formulate new questions and give some new interpretations. But because of the few number of sources and short texts the results of these new analyses could be only hypotheses.
The source parameters and dimensions of the tow strongest earthquakes (July 1, 1829, Io = VII-VIII EMS; October 15, 1834, Io = IX EMS) in Érmellék area are estimated as follows Date of the event Focal depth Magnitude Rupture area Max. displacement July 01, 1829 21-33 km 5.5-5.7 33-55 km2 11-16 cm October 15, 1834 23-28 km 6.5-6.6 266-358 km2 74-90 cm The average recurrence that we may expect an earthquake of M ≥ 0.7 every 1 year, an earthquake of M ≥ 2.9 every 10 years and an earthquake of M ≥ 5.0 every 100 years in this source zone. The probabilistic seismic hazard assessment predicts 1.1-1.4 m/cm2 peak ground accelerations, and 6.3-7.4 maximum (theoretical) earthquake intensity values with 10 % chance of exceedance for an exposure time of 100 years in the area.
The material known as Hungarica Canadiana goes back to the 1880s, when a group of Hungarians in Pennsylvania, U.S.A., had expressed interest in immigrating to Canada and settling in the Canadian prairies. The first documents, mainly Cabinet discussions in Parliament, followed by extensive correspondence between the Canadian Government and Paul O. Eszterházy, a settlement agent in New York, are housed in the National Archives of Canada. During a century-and-a-half, the subject of Hungarian-Canadian studies and its archival collections has grown into an extensive and highly complex literature of print and non-print material, of official and semi-official documents issued by the Hungarian and Canadian governments and their related establishments, of societal and institutional records, of the cultural and religious organizations, as well as the private and family holdings of correspondence and photoalbums and handwritten manuscripts. Because of the enormity of the material, this essay is designed to focus on one aspect only: the archival records and their sources.As an ever growing interest has occurred over the years in Hungarian studies in Canada, the purpose of this survey is to make the vast amount of information on archival sources readily available to the student and the information specialist. For further information the reader is advised to consult this author’s bibliography
Canadian Studies on Hungarians 1886–1986
, published by the University of Regina Press, Canadian Plains Research Center, 1987, and its 3rd supplement, put out by the Hungarian Studies Review, 1998. Both publications have special sections on archival sources and their organization. The Publications listed at the end of this study should also be reviewed.
Caffeine is a bitter, white crystalline xanthine alkaloid that is synthesized in different parts of more than 60 plant species. In a previous study, caffeine content of 377 food samples obtained from the Hungarian market was measured by a validated HPLC technique. These analytical data were built up into a food composition database called NutriComp. Dietary caffeine intake of the Hungarian population was estimated based on the data of the National Nutritional Status Survey 2009. Daily caffeine intake of Hungarian adult males and females were 147±6.2 mg per capita (95% CI: 135–160), and 138±4.2 mg per capita (95% CI: 129–147), respectively. There was no significant difference between genders. The oldest men and women consumed significantly less caffeine than the people between 35–64 years of age. The main sources of caffeine are coffee and tea with 58–59%, and 35–37% of the total intake in men and women, respectively.
. (1994): Studies of anti-cataract drugs from natural sources. I. Effects of a metanolic extract and the alkaloidal components from Cordyalis tuber on in vitro aldose reductase activity. Biol. Pharm. , 17 , 458-459.