This paper argues that subjecthood is a relevant concept in the grammar of (Mandarin) Chinese, i.e., Chinese is subject-prominent as well as topic-prominent, and the most appropriate way of characterising subjects is by determining their regular structural position in clause structure. Subjects are claimed to occupy a structural position distinct from, and to the right of, the typical position associated with topics. This position, furthermore, is shown to stand to the left of the whole predicate phrase, as well as preposed distributive-universal quantifiers, associated with the function word dou. The structural analysis is set in the clause-structural model of Beghelli-Stowell (1995, 1997). Apparent counterexamples to the linking of subjects to the determined subject position are discussed, too, and shown to pose no problem to the proposal laid out here.
К вопросу о страдательном залоге в языках, распространенных на берегу Балтийского моря, с акцентом на севернорусском диалекте
On Passive Voice in Languages Spoken in the Baltic Sea Region with an Emphasis on North Russian Dialect
. Rise of canonical subjecthood . In: SERŽANT I ., KULIKOV L . (ed.) The Diachronic Typology of Non-Canonical Subjects . Amsterdam–Philadelphia : John Benjamins , 2013 . 283 – 310 . 10.1075/slcs.140.13ser Timberlake A . Subject properties in
Polish NNCs. The book subjects the Polish NNC to a battery of subjecthood tests that indeed seem to unanimously indicate that the ANS is in fact a subject with some unique properties. For example, the Polish ANS occurs with default agreement, i.e. with 3