The so-called explicitation hypothesis was first formulated by Blum-Kulka (1986) and later put forward as a possible translation universal by corpus-based translation scholars. Even though it has given rise to a considerable body of literature, the notion is far from unproblematic as regards definition, nature of the findings and reasons underlying explicitating techniques. After providing a brief overview of the kinds of problems just mentioned, the present article attempts to determine to what extent explicitating techniques are used in the English-Catalan sub-corpus of the COVALT corpus with regard to a specific cohesive device, the substituting pronoun one(s). A number of translation techniques for dealing with the substituting pronoun are first identified and then arranged on the explicitation-implicitation scale. The results of the quantitative analysis provide evidence of explicitation, as explicitating techniques account for 17.89% of the total number of segment pairs where either explicitating or neutral techniques have been used. A qualitative analysis suggests that explicitating techniques tend to occur when clarity or even intelligibility are at stake. In line with previous research, the present study indicates that explicitation is used to make reference more unambiguous and to avoid repetition through the use of synonyms, both features making for more readable target texts.
Authors:S. Materazzi, S. Vecchio, L. W. Wo, and Curtis S. De Angelis
Manganese(II) coordination compounds with nitrogen donor ligands like substituted imidazoles have been thoroughly investigated during the past years. These compounds can be good models to simulate several
Authors:Deborah Louise Sinclair, Wouter Vanderplasschen, Shazly Savahl, Maria Florence, David Best, and Steve Sussman
alcohol, substitute/cross addictions may emerge subsequent to compliance with the regulations or a long-term commitment to abstinence. That is, responses to forced abstinence may include compliance and abstinence, but also seeking alternatives for the
Authors:A. Torma, Cs. Orbán, Zs. Bodor, and Cs. Benedek
. , Komes , D. , Laličić-Petronijevič , J. , Pastor , F.T. , Belščak-Cvitanović , A. , … & Sužnjevic , D.L. ( 2017 ): Antioxidant efficiency of polyphenols from coffee and coffee substitutes – electrochemical versus spectrophotometric approach
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Niemeyer, H. M., Jerez, J. M. (1997): Chromosomal location of genes for hydroxamic acid accumulation in Triticum aestivum L. (wheat) using wheat aneuploids and wheat substitution lines. Heredity , 79 , 10-14.
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). Approximately 80% of youth ( Wang et al., 2008 ) and 63% of adults ( Bleich et al., 2009 ) consume sugar-sweetened beverages every day. Due to the above, there is an urgent need for sugar reduction and/or substitution in food products. The key tool for sugar