Authors:Tímea Kaszab, Blanka Halasi, and Zoltan Kovacs
effect of sugar composition on the water sorption and softening properties of cookie, three types of sugar composition (sugar, sugar-trehalose, and sugar-sorbitol) were employed as an ingredient of cookie, and softening temperature of the cookie samples
The use of Fourier-transform near infrared spectroscopy (FT-NIR) to measure the content of protein, lipid and sugar contents of bakery products was investigated. The samples were dried, homogenized, sieved and measured in the wavelength range of 780–2500 nm. The calibration was based on partial least squares (PLS) regression with cross-validation. The performance of the final model was evaluated according to root mean square of cross-validation (RMSECV), root mean square error of estimation (RMSEE) and the determination coefficient (R2).The developed models use the ranges of 1100–1245 nm and 1590–2600 nm for protein determination, 1330–1840 nm and 2170–2350 nm for lipid, 1400–1630 nm, 2000–2170 nm and 2230–2570 nm for sugar determination, respectively. Protein, lipid and sugar could be determined directly with R2 values of 98.93, 99.07 and 98.81, and RMSECV values of 0.16 m/m%, 0.79 m/m% and 0.28 m/m%, respectively. It can be concluded that FT-NIR spectroscopy can be used for the routine determination of protein, lipid and sugar content of bakery products and it can contribute to the estimation of calorie content in a fast and non-destructive way.
Authors:M. R. Ishak, S. M. Sapuan, Z. Leman, M. Z. A. Rahman, and U. M. K. Anwar
Sugar palm ( Arenga pinnata ) trees have been around for making variety of by-products for hundreds of years [ 1 ]. In Malaysia, especially in state of Negeri Sembilan, it is a popular with activity of tapping palm
Authors:Anikó Kovács, Katalin Badakné Kerti, and László Somogyi
by underweight ( Miele et al., 2017; WHO, 2016a ). Excessive sugar intake is generally considered to contribute to excessive caloric intake, lower diet quality and adverse health affect such as dental caries, obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular
end of the university [ 4 ]. One of the main contributors to the development of overweight and obesity is the consumption of a high amount of added sugars. According to the recommendation of the World Health Organisation (WHO) the intake of free sugar
Sugar beets are the sixth most abundantly planted crop on the earth [ 1 ]. One by-product of commercial sugar production from the sliced sugar beets is the pulp residue remaining after pressing out the sucrose
Authors:R. García-Estepa, B. García-Villanova, E. Guera-Hernández, and J. Contreras-Calderón
, M.C. , van der Schouw, Y.T., Skeie, G., Parr, C.L., Molina-Montes, E., Manjer, J., Johansson, I., McTaggart, A., Key, T.J., Bingham, S., Riboli, E. & Slimani, N. (2009): Total dietary carbohydrate, sugar, starch and fibre intakes in the European
Authors:Z. Šereš, J. Gyura, M. Eszterle, and Gy. Vatai
. (1989): Clarification of technical sugar solutions through a dynamic membrane formed on a porous ceramic tube. J. Membrane Sci. , 41 , 103-107.
Clarification of technical sugar solutions through a dynamic membrane formed on a