procedure. At present it is seemingly a simple procedure because people usually do not realize how many people work together to make the surgery a success. Before surgery a thoughtful preoperative examination is needed. Measurements are taken of the
Authors:Tejaswi Jadhav, Hashir Kareem, Krishnananda Nayak, Umesh Pai, Tom Devasia and Ramachandran Padmakumar
to proper assessment of the RV for optimizing the management of disease and for diagnosing the disease. RV failure after cardiac surgery has been a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Thus, a complete assessment of RV function may improve early
Authors:Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel, Luis Francisco Sánchez-Anguiano, Jesús Hernández-Tinoco, Agar Ramos-Nevarez, Sergio Estrada-Martínez, Sandra Margarita Cerrillo-Soto, Miriam Alejandra Mijarez-Hernández, Carlos Alberto Guido-Arreola, Alma Rosa Pérez-Álamos, Isabel Beristain-Garcia and Elizabeth Rábago-Sánchez
by blood transfusion [ 7 ] and organ transplantation [ 8 , 9 ].
Very little is known about the association between T. gondii infection and having a history of surgery. Patients undergoing surgery may be at risk for infection with T. gondii
Authors:J. Didziapetriene, Birute Kazbariene, B. Surinenaite, A. Krikstaponiene, A. Ulys, S. Uleckiene, N. Samalavicius and R. Stukas
Czygier M, Kamocki Z, Ławicki S, Szmitkowski M: The plasma level of myeloperoxidase (MPO) and total antioxidant status (TAS) in gastric cancer patients after surgery. Przegl. Lek. 67, 443–445 (2010)
Authors:Miriam Hilbert, Isabella Csadek, Ulrike Auer and Friederike Hilbert
In the past, the horizontal transfer of antimicrobial resistance genes was mainly associated with conjugative plasmids or transposons, whereas transduction by bacteriophages was thought to be a rare event. In order to analyze the likelihood of transduction of antimicrobial resistance in the field of clinical veterinary medicine, we isolated phages from Escherichia coli from a surgery suite of an equine clinic. In a pilot study, the surgery suite of a horse clinic was sampled directly after surgery and subsequently sampled after cleaning and disinfection following a sampling plan based on hygiene, surgery, and anesthesia. In total, 31 surface sampling sites were defined and sampled. At 24 of these 31 surface sampling sites, coliphages were isolated. At 12 sites, coliphages were found after cleaning and disinfection. Randomly selected phages were tested for their ability of antimicrobial resistance transduction. Ten of 31 phages were detected to transfer antimicrobial resistance. These phages most often transduced resistance to streptomycin, encoded by the addA1 gene (n = 9), followed by resistance to chloramphenicol by cmlA (n = 3) and ampicillin (n = 1). This is, to the best of our knowledge, the first report on antimicrobial resistance-transferring bacteriophages that have been isolated at equine veterinary clinics.