Authors:Kouassi N’Guessan, Timothée Ouassa, Anna S. Dean, Riccardo Alagna, Guy Damien Adagra, Valeri Ibode, Daniela M. Cirillo and Jacquemin Kouakou
public health challenge of drug-resistant TB. As Côte d'Ivoire does not yet have the capacity to routinely test all TB patients for drug susceptibility, two national drug resistance surveys were conducted in 1995 and 2006. The proportions of new TB cases
Authors:Souba Diandé, Gisèle Badoum, Adjima Combary, Issaka Zombra, Tandaogo Saouadogo, Léon T. Sawadogo, Bayéma Nébié, Saïdou Gnanou, Adama Zigani, Seydou Mohamed Ouédraogo, Adama Diallo, Seydou Kaboré and Lassana Sangaré
(NTP) should periodically survey the prevalence of resistance to provide essential information for effective planning of TB control and management of TB patients. A survey of MDR-TB in new TB smear-positive patients has not been undertaken in Burkina
[Appreciation of Humor in Hungarian Anti-Proverbs on the Basis of Socio-Linguistic Surveys] (paper).
Nyelvi Modernizáció. Szaknyelv, fordítás, terminológia. XVI. Magyar Alkalmazott Nyelvészeti Kongresszus
. Szent István Egyetem. Gödöllő, April 10–12, 2006
Authors:Sawitri Assanangkornchai, Edward B. McNeil, Nopporn Tantirangsee, Phunnapa Kittirattanapaiboon and Thai National Mental Health Survey Team
gambling was 3.0% (problem 1.2% and pathological 1.8%) based on the South Oaks Gambling Survey, 3.2% (problem 2.4% and pathological 0.8%) based on the Canadian Problem Gambling Index, and 3.1% (problem 1.9% and pathological 1.2%) based on the DSM
Authors:Sára Kiszely, Mónika Gyurkovszky, Norbert Solymosi and Róbert Farkas
From 61 settlements of 12 Hungarian counties, 303 domestic cats were included in this survey. Between autumn 2016 and spring 2018, fresh faecal samples were randomly collected and examined by flotation and by the Baermann–Wetzel method for the presence of lungworm infection. No eggs of Eucoleus aerophilus were detected. Morphological identification of first instar larvae (L1) was also carried out. In the faeces of 60 cats (19.8%) from 17 settlements and Budapest, L1 of Aelurostrongylus abstrusus were found. More than half of the cats were from the western part of the country. The average number of larvae per gram of faeces was 190.2 ± 304.88. These results are in line with the former findings on the prevalence of aelurostrongylosis of domestic cats in Hungary. In addition, Oslerus rostratus was also found for the first time in the faecal samples of three cats from the eastern part of the country, infected also with Ae. abstrusus. The average age (2.51 ± 1.26 years) of infected cats indicates that lungworm infection is more common among younger cats. No relationship was found between the lung-worm infection and the sex of cats. Non-neutered cats had a significantly higher proportion of lungworm infections. Two-thirds of the infected cats were apparently healthy, and only 19 individuals showed clinical signs of respiratory disorders.
Authors:M. Camerini, T. Amoriello, G. Aureli, A. Belocchi, M. Fornara, S. Melloni and F. Quaranta
Deoxynivalenol (DON) contamination was investigated of Italian durum wheat from organic agriculture. A number of 661 samples from 13 genotypes were collected within the national organic durum wheat network variety trials during the six-year period between 2007–2012 in five different growing areas across Italy (Northern Italy, Marches, Central Apennines, West-Central Italy, Apulia). Mean temperatures and total rainfalls in April, May and June were collected nearby the study sites. Average DON contamination value along the whole study period was 67 μg/kg, and DON was detected only in 36% of the samples. Noteworthy, 95% of the analyzed grain revealed a DON contamination lower than 334 μg/kg. Maximum allowed DON level for unprocessed durum wheat set by European Union (1750 μg/kg) was exceeded only in four samples (0.6%). The highest mean DON values were detected in Northern Italy (175 μg/kg) and Marches (131 μg/kg). The same was for the percentage of positive samples (80% and 58%, respectively). Lower mean values and percentages of contaminated samples were found in West-Central Italy (22 μg/kg and 29%, respectively), Apennines (3 μg/kg and 8%, respectively) and Apulia (2 μg/kg and 7%, respectively). Statistical analysis (Generalized Linear Model, GLZ) was carried out to highlight the effect of factors like cultivation year, growing area and genotype. It revealed a huge effect of year, growing areas and their interaction, while the effect of genotype resulted significantly but quite less than the other main factors. The effect of the year could be explained by climatic data, which suggested an influence of rainfall and temperature at heading on both DON concentration values and percentage of contaminated samples. Results of this study put in evidence a low DON contamination in Italian organic durum wheat.