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This paper discusses a phenomenon of Latin phonology, word-initial extrasyllabic s, a subcase of what is traditionally called s impurum. Extrasyllabic s behaves unlike other consonants in syllabification, especially at morpheme boundaries, where resyllabification takes place. The odd behaviour of initial extrasyllabic s in poetry is explained not on the basis of clashing metrical conventions but on the basis of principles inherent in the phonological system of Latin.

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There are several phonological categories whose markedness-as inferred from typical markedness metrics- fails to match the representational complexity posited for them. More specifically, glottal stops, geminate clusters, and onsetless syllables are representationally the simplest of their category, yet other criteria, like implicational hierarchies, mark them as special. This paper aims at comprehending this paradox.

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attention to some empirical data problematic for the standard approach to syllabification, which derives syllable structure from the application of an algorithm. The different parses of seemingly identical clusters in word-initial and intervocalic positions

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Lowenstamm, Jean 1991. Vocalic length and syllable structure in Semitic. In: Alain S. Kaye (ed.): Semitic studies in honor of Wolf Leslau on the occasion of his 85th birthday, 949–965. Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden

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segments (each of which consists of a bundle of features), but with no explicit reference to syllable structure. Even in derived forms after the application of phonological rules, there is no construction of syllable structure. 1 By contrast, model B

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2000 Cser, András. 1999. Diphthongs in the syllable structure of Latin. Glotta 75. 172–193. Cser András

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. The sonority controversy. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton. Sen , Ranjan . 2012 . Reconstructing phonological change: Duration and syllable structure in Latin vowel reduction

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Siptár 1999. Hungarian syllable structure: arguments for/against complex constituents. In: Harry van der Hulst - Nancy Ritter (eds): The syllable: views and facts, 249-84. Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin & New York

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consonant lenition and phonotactics 1999 Szigetvári, Péter 2001. Dismantling syllable structure. In: Acta Linguistica Hungarica

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. An application of Optimality Theory (OT) on syllable structure within reduplication in Hausa spoken in Kano. International Journal of English Language and Linguistic . Research 3 . 37 – 49

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