can be of overriding importance in the field of addictions in general, such as assertive skills or parenting styles; and of technologicaladdictions in particular, such as parental control, have not been included in models; and (d) in terms of the
will predict greater levels of SNS addiction and IGD symptoms (H1). In addition, several studies (e.g., Andreassen et al., 2013 , 2016 ; Sussman et al., 2014 ) have reported positive associations between different types of technologicaladdictions
, & Hwang, 2016 ; Lopez-Fernandez et al., 2017 ).
Confusing Smartphone Addiction with Other Addictions
In the discussion on technologicaladdictions, it is important to distinguish between addictions to the Internet and
Authors:Lucia Monacis, Valeria de Palo, Mark D. Griffiths and Maria Sinatra
The nine IGD criteria directly map onto the six criteria of Griffiths’ components model of addiction, and which have been used to conceptualize a number of technologicaladdictions ( Griffiths, 1995 , 2005 ). According to Griffiths, by “determining