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Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors:
Rune A. Mentzoni
,
Jon Christian Laberg
,
Geir Scott Brunborg
,
Helge Molde
, and
Ståle Pallesen

Abstract

Background and aims

Electronic gaming machines (EGM) may be a particularly addictive form of gambling, and gambling speed is believed to contribute to the addictive potential of such machines. The aim of the current study was to generate more knowledge concerning speed as a structural characteristic in gambling, by comparing the effects of three different bet-to-outcome intervals (BOI) on gamblers bet-sizes, game evaluations and illusion of control during gambling on a computer simulated slot machine. Furthermore, we investigated whether problem gambling moderates effects of BOI on gambling behavior and cognitions.

Methods

62 participants played a computerized slot machine with either fast (400 ms), medium (1700 ms) or slow (3000 ms) BOI. SOGS-R was used to measure pre-existing gambling problems. Mean bet size, game evaluations and illusion of control comprised the dependent variables.

Results

Gambling speed had no overall effect on either mean bet size, game evaluations or illusion of control, but in the 400 ms condition, at-risk gamblers (SOGS-R score > 0) employed higher bet sizes compared to no-risk (SOGS-R score = 0) gamblers.

Conclusions

The findings corroborate and elaborate on previous studies and indicate that restrictions on gambling speed may serve as a harm reducing effort for at-risk gamblers.

Open access

A VOXEL-MAN Tempo 3D virtuálisvalóság-szimulátor alkalmazása a sziklacsont sebészetében

Application field of VOXEL-MAN Tempo 3D virtual reality simulator in surgery of pars petrosa of temporal bone

Orvosi Hetilap
Authors:
Ádám Perényi
,
Bálint Posta
,
Linda Szabó
,
Zoltán Tóbiás
,
Balázs Dimák
,
Roland Nagy
,
Gyöngyi Jónás
,
Zsófia Bere
,
József Kiss
,
László Rovó
, and
Miklós Csanády

–207. 5 Voxel-Man Tempo. June 1, 2020. Available from: https://www.voxel-man.com/simulators/tempo/ [accessed: November 1, 2020]. 6

Open access

Summary

The paper aims to present a summary of my studies with music tempo designations. Instructions by composers can be found on the pages of the sheet music. In order to interpret contemporary pieces we may turn to the living composer(s), but in the case of older pieces of art such an option is not available. In these cases, beside the music sheet, we may turn to notes, letters, diary pieces for help, but still the signs around the staves are determinative. Out of the music instructions I have chosen and examined tempo designations. I have set up a terminological system in which I placed first the terms for retardation, then the terms for acceleration, and finally the ones for steady tempo. I collected the expressions from the most important music dictionaries and lexicons available in Hungary. The created system proved to be reliable and sufficient for all three groups, although some sub-sections remained empty – which underpins the significance of such a terminological system and my research.

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There exists an evident and organic connection between the various arts (for example, painting, sculpture, music, dance, literature, film etc.), which can be expressed with the term inter-art . This paper will be concerned with the relation between music and literature, more precisely, it examines the manifestation and the parallels of individual musical forms and renderings in literary text. The selected prose—Marguerite Yourcenar’s Oriental Tales —will be the focus of this textual-musical analysis, concentrating on those stylistic characteristics and text formatting tools that exhibit musical features in their properties and their structure. Even up to the present, analyses of literary texts have employed musical terms, for instance, polyphony, rhythm, cadence, pedal point, etc. This study will explore the textual manifestation of the following musical terms: rhythm, upbeat, non legato, imitation, tempo, lento, accelerando, retardation, polyphony, a cappella, soloist and figuration.

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Abstract

Many modern studies of cultural innovation and demographic change rest on the proposition that social learning is a key process in the spread of novel variants. We agree with this proposition, but we also suggest that the selectivity of social learning, with respect to a skill or knowledge, has largely been overlooked in considering how the tempo of cultural evolution depends on population size. We evaluate contrasting predictions ranging from cases of extreme selectivity, where everyone learns from the best individual in the group, to entirely nonselective, unbiased social learning, where everyone learns from one another. At the highly selective end of the spectrum, population size should correlate strongly with the tempo of cultural evolution. At the nonselective end, where social learning is unbiased, there should be little correlation between population size and tempo of cultural evolution. For any given case study, characterizing the relative selectivity of social learning is crucial to successfully predicting the effect of population size on cultural evolution.

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Manners of performance by Hungarian village- and town gypsy musicians in historical recordings . The paper describes the different elements of the performance: ornamentation, vibrato, improvisation, intensity of sound, tempo, register, pizzicato, etc. Musical examples are from the first period of the 20th century, from material of the Folk Music Department and Sound-Archiv of the Institute for Musicology of the HAS. The topic is structured as follows: short history of the instrumental music fieldworks: phonograph recordings and (later) 78 rpm shall-lack discs with instrumental music (peasants and gypsy musicians). The early recording-firms published discs as soon as in the 1910–20-ies with the most favourite contemporary ensembles (I. Magyari, B. Radics). Contemporary references describe their performance which was robust but full with nobility, graciosity, glittering viruosity, rich fantasy dynamism. The differences are clear among the two social strata (peasants and gypsy musicians), when performers play the same melody: one as dance music (in the villages) and one as restaurant music (only to hear) in the town. Some elements (like pizzicato) are used alone (or nearly exclusively) by gypsies, others are common features of the performance.

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Kutatásunkban az alkohol beszédre és rövid távú emlékezetre gyakorolt hatását vizsgáltuk jól kontrollált feltételek mellett. Ennek vizsgálatára a Jacobs-féle számterjedelemtesztet és nyelvi szintek szerint csoportosított nyelvtörőket használtunk, és összehasonlítottuk alkoholos és kontrollfeltételben a számterjedelemteszten nyújtott teljesítményt, illetve a nyelvtörők kimondása során elkövetett hibák számát és típusát. Különválasztottuk és elemeztük az emlékezeti teljesítmény romlásából fakadó és a motoros-artikulációs folyamatokból eredő hibákat. Az eredmények azt mutatják, hogy az alkohol nincs hatással a számterjedelemre, azonban hatás-sal van a nyelvtörők közvetlen felidézésére. Ugyanakkor a nyelvtörők visszamondásában elkövetett hibák 58–61% a a pontatlan artikulációból fakad. Elemeztük az artikulációs tempó, a hangmagasság és a szünetek számának változását is. Az eredmények nagyrészt egybevágnak korábbi angol és német kutatási eredményekkel, de részben ki is egészítik azokat.

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The aim of this paper is to provide an interpretation of Alessandro Baricco’s two novels, Novecento and Seta , from various perspectives. The problem of time, the forms of narration, the function of names and finally the problems of identity provide the main points of view of the analysis, which is partly based on some theoretical thoughts of Michail Bachtin and Paul Ricoeur.

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. In order to develop a contemporary approach to these concertos, several factors must be considered, including tempo, bowing/articulation, dynamics, tempo rubato and portamento/vibrato. Tempo, as will be seen, is a major component for interpretation

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Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors:
Rune A. Mentzoni
,
Jon Christian Laberg
,
Geir Scott Brunborg
,
Helge Molde
, and
Ståle Pallesen

of music tempo on consumer behaviour in a restaurant European Advances in Consumer Research 4 58 62 . M Chóliz

Open access