This study is about how Transylvania, the multiethnic region that was once part of the Hungarian Kingdom and later the Habsburg Empire and the Hungarian part of the Dual Monarchy and which since 1920 has been part of Romania, was rediscovered by Hungarians over the past twenty years. More precisely, it examines what the Transylvania that citizens of Hungary discovered and created was like in Hobsbawm’s sense of the invention of traditions. The theoretical focus of my analysis is the symbolic construction of places through discourses and performative acts of identification and occupation. My primary claim is that the restoration of a territorial approach to the nation, a national re-territorialization, is taking place in rediscovered Transylvania, accompanied by a new discourse of national authenticity.
Authors:A. Olariu, C. Besliu, M. Belc, I. Popescu, T. Badica, and Gh. Lazarovici
Ancient copper objects from Romanian territories have been analyzed by neutron activation analysis. A series of elements is determined: Au, Ag, As, Co, Cr, Fe, Hg, Ni, Zn, Sb, Sc, Se, Sn. Using mathematical dendograms some classifications and correlation have been established.
Research in non-European territories became an essential component of scientific life in Hungary before the First World War. A search for relatives by language and culture was the main motivating force that led Hungarian ethnographers to the East to accumulate knowledge about cultures of Ob-Ugrians and peoples in Central Asia. Others travelled to the Far East, to South Asia or other continents with different goals, but also contributed to knowledge about distant lands and cultures. These efforts resulted in a great tradition of interest in cultures of the world, which survived eras when Hungarian ethnographers had a very limited chance to do fieldwork outside Hungary, and its revival is demonstrated by a large number of fieldwork after 1990, when Hungarians had once again more freedom and means to travel and formerly closed regions became accessible. This revival involved a shift from an ethnology focused on the past and ethnic traditions to a sociocultural anthropology focused on the present and current problems.
L. Pumpyansky noted the frequent use of “Imperial formula” or “formula stretch of Russia” in 18th-century Russian poetry (mainly in Lomonosov’s works). This poetic structure is built by using the prepositions from and to: from one boundary to the other (“From the White sea to the Black sea”). The size of the Russian territory has always been a source of pride for Russian national consciousness, satisfying national geopolitical ambitions and, apparently, thus the “Imperial formula” has often been used in Russian poetry for over three centuries.
Authors:I. Matveenko, O. Zhukova, and M. Germenchuk
The dynamics of the radiation situation in the Republic of Belarus is presented. The contamination of the territory of Belarus
for different radionuclides is given for example: iodine-131, caesium-137 strontium-90 and plutonium isotopes. The dynamics
of the contamination of caesium-137, in the surface water of the rivers of Belarus is shown. At present, the radiation situation
of the territory of Belarus has stabilized, however, the result of the monitoring shows that in the soil and objects of the
environment the accumulation of americium-241 is observed and in course of time its concentration will increase. Forecast
of distribution of caesium-137 on the territory of Belarus shows that the contamination of more than 37 kBq·m−2 will be observed in 2016 at the area more than 28300 km2. That account 14% from the total territory of Belarus.
We determined a new one-dimensional P-wave velocity model for the territory of Hungary based on the first arrival times of local earthquakes. During the computations 910 P-wave arrival data of 86 events from the time period between 1985 and 2010 have been used. The applied methodology is a combination of a genetic algorithm based procedure and an iterative linearized joint inversion technique. The preferred velocity profile has been chosen from the best models based on the data of a series of controlled explosions.The resulting flat-layered model consists of three crustal layers and a half-space representing the uppermost mantle. The crustal compressional velocities vary in the range of 5.3-6.3 km/s, while the uppermost mantle velocity was found to be 7.9 km/s. The Moho is located at an average depth of 26 km.Additionally, the Vp/Vs ratio was calculated by the Wadati-method, which gave a value of 1.74±0.05.
The seismicity of the western and southwestern territory of Romania, called in this paper Banat Seismic Region (BSR) is analyzed for the historical period using a new regional Parameter Earthquakes Catalogue (Oros et al. 2007). The catalogue comprises a number of 709 earthquakes occurred between 1443 and 1970, the 269 of which being new recorded events. The magnitudes/intensities (epicentral or maximum observed) range between 2.2 and 5.7 (
, MLH or
) and 3.0–8 EMS, respectively. Some of the major events re-evaluated on instrumental basis (historical seismograms collected by the author as partner into the EuroSeismos project) show larger values of magnitudes than the previous ones. The space distribution of the epicenters displays an obvious clustering trend well correlated with the tectonics and geology (faults and fault systems, structures). The time distribution displays an apparent migration of the seismic activity between different sources zones, e.g. before 1900 the activity concentrates within the northwestern and southeastern areas of BSR and after 1900 the activity groups mainly in the central part of the region.
acceleration on the benchmarks of the II. levelling of high accuracy at the territory of Croatia, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Monte Negro, Slovenia and Vojvodina (in Croatian). Faculty of Geodesy, University of Zagreb, Zagreb
On the territory of the abandoned uranium mine
irovski vrh, Slovenia, indoor radon and gamma dose rate measurements were carried out in nineteen schools from February 10 to May 10, 1995, using scintillation cells and etched track detectors for radon and thermoluminescence dosimeters for gamma-ray detection. In five schools indoor radon levels exceeded 400 Bq·m-3, which is the proposed Slovene action level. The maximum average radon value of 1600 Bq·m-3 and the maximum gamma-dose rate of 172 Sv·month-1 were found in the same school. According to the ICRP 65 methodology, annual effective doses from radon decay products ranged from 0.05 to 6.10 mSv for pupils and from 0.04 to 4.90 mSv for teachers. Gamma dose rates ranged from 0.05 to 0.19 mSv·y-1 for pupils and from 0.07 to 0.27 mSv·y-1 for teachers.
Zugrăvescu D, Polonic G 2004: Geodynamic compartments and present-day stress state on the Romanian territory. Ed. Academiei Române, 53–62.
Zugrăvescu D, Polonic G, Horomnea M, Dragomir V 1998:
Rev. Roum. Geophys