Authors:J. Szammer, E. Simon-Trompler, and L. Ötvös
The rate of thermal exchange reactions between carboxyl groups and14CO2 increases in the presence of catalytic amounts of alkali malonates. This catalytic effect can be utilized for preparative purposes also in the synthesis of11C-labelled aliphatic carboxylic acids from11CO2.
The spiral plate heat exchanger (SHE) is widely used in plenty of industrial services in full counter current flow liquid-liquid
heat exchange. We have produced a thermal modelling of the heat exchanges in both steady-state and time dependent cases with
2D spiral geometry, allowing computation with different materials, forced convective heat transfer models in turbulent flow
and geometrical parameters options. We will display here some results in steady-state conditions in order to improve the exchanger
A kinetic study of thermal and photoaccelerated U(IV)-U(VI) isotope exchange has been carried out in oxalate solutions at 11–40°C. The rate and quantum yield were determined as a function of U(IV), U(VI) and oxalate concentration, wavelength of incident light, temperature and absorbed dose of -radiation. The kinetic equations for thermal and photoaccelerated exchange have been obtained. It was assumed that the mechanism of exchange involves formation of U(V) as an intermediate, followed by slow exchange between U(V) and U(IV). The isokinetic dependence confirms the identity of limiting stages for thermal and photostimulated exchange. The upper component of photoexcited T1 level of uranyl is supposed to be the most reactive in the process of U(V) generation. It was observed that the small doses of -radiation evoke the acceleration of isotope exchange, however, at D>100 krad the rate of exchange is reduced to the level of thermal exchange.
Authors:J. Durastanti, B. Martin, C. Kneip, and A. Jeanmaire
We show here an adaptation of the classical Flash Method permitting the measure of the thermal conductivity of semi-transparent
porous materials. A flash lamp send a heat pulse on the upper face of a cylindrical sample and lower face temperature is analysed.
The semi-transparent material is sandwiched between two copper slices. The sample used scatters thermal radiation, and absorbs
it very little. It is therefore possible to account for two parts of heat transfer through the material: a pure conductive
phenomenon and a radiative one. In most insulating materials radiative transfer represents about 1/3 of the total heat flux
at the ambiant temperature. The problem is solved with electrical analogy, quadripoles technique and Laplace transform.
The modelization brings out two physical character parameters of the material and a coefficient qualifying the thermal exchange
between the sample and the environment during the experiment.
Authors:Margarida L. Castelló, Jo Dweck, and Donato A. G. Aranda
capacity of thermalexchange between sample and temperature sensors, which in turn have to transmit the signal to the recording devices. Leiva [ 12 ] used thermogravimetry to determine the activation energy of combustion of fuel oils and compared the
Authors:Emília Illeková, Jana Harnúšková, Roman Florek, František Simančík, Igor Maťko, and Jaroslava Švec Sr.
the sample, C p is the heat capacity of the sample, K ( t ) is the thermalexchange coefficient being the calibration function of the measuring system, Δ T S–R , Δ T S–E and Δ T R–E are the temperature gradients between the sample (S), reference
Authors:Ali Kareem Abdulrazzaq, György Bognár, and Balázs Plesz
normal situations since the frame structure that holds the PV module is in touch only with the thin sidewalls of the PV module, which has relatively small area. Also, the thermalexchange through side surfaces is neglected because of its small area