Authors:L. M. Yarisheva, L. Yu. Kabal'nova, A. A. Pedy, and A. L. Volynskii
The thermophysical behaviour of Nylon-6 with various moisture contents was studied. It was shown that the thermal effects occurring below the Nylon-6 melting temperature are due to the dehydration process. The temperature of the heat flow maximum is a function of the state of the water molecules in the polymer. It was found that the thermophysical study of Nylon-6 in the temperature region below the polymer melting temperature allows a more precise value of its melting heat to be obtained.
Authors:I. Schulz, U. Illgen, J. Scheve, and K. Backhaus
For application in catalysis and adsorption processes, zeolites are synthesized on the surface of spray-dried kaolin microspheres. Various thermal effects are used for the rapid characterization of the zeolite type and content. From DTA measurements, the exothermic lattice break-down peak gives information on the zeolite type and the thermal stability of the sample. Measurements of the heats of immersion by a very simple and quick method allow conclusions about the type and the sorption properties of the zeolite part of the clay. The most precise method to estimate the zeolite content was a standardized technique of desorption and readsorption of water or organic compounds by means of a thermobalance.
Authors:G. Golan, A. Axelevitch, B. Sigalov, and B. Gorenstein
Thermal effects in a low-pressure plane plasma discharge were obtained in a novel implementation of triode sputtering method.
This plane plasma discharge is formed in a relatively low vapor pressure of 0.03-0.65 Pa. Electron beam temperature and ion
beam concentration distribution, as well as their dependence on argon pressure within the plasma, were experimentally studied,
using the Langmuir probe technique. The influence of an external magnetic field on the ion beam concentration, and electron
beam temperature, were studied too. As a result of these studies, sputtering of various materials was done using the novel
plane plasma discharge method. This method enables the deposition of homogeneous thin film coatings. Analysis is done on Cu
sputtered layers with plane plasma discharge.
Authors:M. Rodríguez de Rivera, F. Socorro, and J. Matos
A simplified RC model which simulates the operation mode of an isothermal titration calorimeter (ITC), when it is used in
a continuous mode to determine heat of mixing, is proposed. The model takes into account several thermal effects that are
evident in the mixing process and it must be identified and quantified to determine reliable values of heat of mixing. The
main effects considered in the development of the model were those caused by: (i) the difference between the temperatures
of the injected liquid and the mixture, (ii) the increase in heat capacity of the mixture and the thermal conductance of the
couplings between the mixture and its surroundings and (iii) the changes in the power dissipated by stirring after injection.
A good agreement between model and experimental results is observed.
Thermoanalytical methods are used for investigation of outgassing and sintering of hardmetals. Shrinkage (DILA), mass loss
(TG), gas evolution (EGA - mass spectrometry) and thermal effects (DSC) allow to describe sintering processes. The results
may be applied for a better understanding of technological procedures, e.g. for improvements of temperature-time-atmosphere
cycles in the production scale.
Authors:K. S. De, J. Ghose, and K. S. R. C. Murthy
Thermal studies on CuCr2O4 spinel indicated the phase present above 870 K to be cubic CuCr2O4. However, when the substance was quenched from 1023 K, 1173 K, 1273 K and 1473 K, only the tetragonal phase of CuCr2O4 was obtained. This is because the first-order, diffusionless, tetragonal to cubic phase transition at 865 K occurs reversibly at a very fast rate. Thec/a ratio for CuCr2O4 present in the various quenched samples did not change when the quenching temperature was raised. A strong preference of the Cr3+ ion for the B site prevents it from interchanging sites with Cu2+ ions, thus keeping the lattice parametersc anda unchanged.
Authors:T. Denisova, S. Grinenko, and L. Kuznetzova
stability of two-component organosilica sorbents – silico-polymethylsiloxanes
with the ratio of hydrophilic and hydrophobic components of 50:50 and 70:30
mass%, and their forms, modified by copper(II), was investigated using thermal
analysis (DTG, DTA, TG). The influence of the composition of modified organosilica
sorbents and copper(II) content on the endothermic (removal of adsorbed water)
and exothermic (decomposition by oxidation of methyl groups, possible hydration
of surface) peak temperatures and on mass loss is shown. It was found that
thermal stability of organosilica modified by copper(II) was lower than that
of initial sorbents and depends on the content of modifying component and
ratio of silanol and methylsilil groups in organosilica composition.
Summary The unit cell parameters of virgin and thermally treated potassium hexacyanoferrate(II)trihydrate (KFCT) crystals are measured at room temperature. Considerable changes in the lattice constants are observed for as-grown or pre-cooled to the liquid nitrogen temperature samples after heating up to selected higher temperatures for different times. The detected variations may be due to partial or total removal of the three water molecules of crystallization and the transformation of Fe2+ to Fe3+. DSC, DTA and TG are used to study physical and chemical changes associated with the observed crystallographic variations. The effect of γ-irradiation with a dose of 5×105 Gy on the crystal structure of KFCT is also examined. Two computer software programs are used to analyze the data of the X-ray diffraction patterns and the results are compared.
Thermal stability of silica-polyvinylsiloxane systems with different ratio of hydrophilic and hydrophobic components and its
forms with adsorbed dyes were studied using thermochemical method. It was shown that the maximum of endoeffect relating to
dehydroxylation of sorbents surface is observed at 325C. The maximum temperature of the second endoeffect depends on the
organosilica sorbents composition and increases with a decrease of hydrophilic and hydrophobic sites ratio. It was found that
the values of the summary thermal effect lowers upon the raise of the quantity of silanol groups. It was shown that thermal
stability of composition materials is higher in comparison with initial organosilica sorbents.