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Abstract  

The combination of a DuPont 942 thermomechanical analyzer with a CBM computer allowed the establishment of thermodynamic properties such as isobars, isobaric volumetric expansions, isothermal compressibilities, and the equation of stateV=V(p, T) in a limited region ofpVT space.

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Abstract  

Emf measurements were made on the cell without liquid junction: Li−ISE LiCl(m1), Li2SO4(m2) Ag/AgCl. The performances of the electrode pairs constructed in our laboratory were tested and exhibited near-Nernstian behavior. The mean activity coefficients of LiCl for the system Li+−Cl−SO 4 2− −H2O have been investigated by the emf values at temperatures of 0, 15, 35°C and constant total ionic strengths of 0.05, 0.1, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0 and 5.0 mol·kg−1. The activity coefficients decrease with increasing temperature and the ionic strength fraction of Li2SO4 in the mixtures. The thermodynamic properties are interpreted by use of Harned's empirical equations and Pitzer's ion interaction approach including the contribution of higher order electrostatic terms. The experimental results obey Harned's rule and are described by using Pitzer equations satisfactorily. The activity coefficients of Li2SO4, the osmotic coefficients and the excess free energies of mixing for the system in the experimental temperature range were reported.

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Abstract  

With help of literature data and some empirical methods the main thermochemical and thermodynamical properties were estimated for condensed GaSb, GaS, Ga2S, Ga2S3, Ga4S5, Sb2S3 and for gaseous Ga2S and SbS phases.

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Abstract  

A model of an ideal associated solution, containing self-associates of different sizes and shapes, was considered. Calculations of the thermodynamic properties of mixing of Na-K liquid alloys and of liquidus line positions were carried out. Possible modifications of the model are discussed.

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Abstract  

2CaO·3B2O3·H2O which has non-linear optical (NLO) property was synthesized under hydrothermal condition and identified by XRD, FTIR and TG as well as by chemical analysis. The molar enthalpy of solution of 2CaO·3B2O3·H2O in HCl·54.572H2O was determined. From a combination of this result with measured enthalpies of solution of H3BO3 in HCl·54.501H2O and of CaO in (HCl+H3BO3) solution, together with the standard molar enthalpies of formation of CaO(s), H3BO3(s), and H2O(l), the standard molar enthalpy of formation of −(5733.7±5.2) kJ mol−1 of 2CaO·3B2O3·H2O was obtained. Thermodynamic properties of this compound were also calculated by a group contribution method.

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Abstract  

A research program has been in progress to obtain reliable thermodynamic data on various binary and ternary alkali metal compounds in the temperature range of 300 to 1500 K. To date, heat capacity measurements have been made on cesium and rubidium chromates, dichromates, zirconates, molybdates, dimolybdates, and halides in the temperature range of 300 to 800K. In addition, measurements are planned or are currently in progress on cesium and rubidium chalcogenides, aluminates, uranates, silicates, and several other lithium, sodium, and potassium compounds. The status of the research program is discussed.

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change at the transition pressure lies at 9%. So far, there has been considerable controversy for the phase transition of TiN. On the other hand, to the best of our knowledge, the thermodynamic properties of TiN have not previously been reported. So, we

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Abstract  

Thermodynamic properties of pure titanium stannides obtained by crucible-less growth techniques under vacuum are determined by differential scanning calorimetry and Knudsen effusion. The enthalpy, specific heat capacity, entropy and Gibbs energy temperature dependence were simulated using Maier and Kelly equations. Standard enthalpies of evaporation, formation and atomization of titanium stannides were determined and compared with earlier-known data.

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A numerical study of the thermodynamic properties of a superconducting quantum cylinder in a longitudinal magnetic field is carried out. Closed-form expressions for the critical temperature, the free energy, the heat capacity jump, and the magnetization difference between the superconducting and normal phases as functions of the nanotube parameters are obtained in limit cases.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Zh. V. Dobrokhotova, A. I. Zaitsev, M. A. Zemchenko, A. D. Litvina, B. M. Mogutnov, and S. N. Yaschenko

The thermodynamic properties of calcium and barium phosphides have been determined in the temperature range 1178–1537 K by a Knudsen effusion technique combined with massspectral analysis of the evaporation products.

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