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Hoen, H. W. (1998): The Transformation of Economic Systems in Central Europe . Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. The Transformation of Economic Systems in Central Europe

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Bąk, M. (2006): Europa Środkowa i Wschodnia wobec wyzwania transformacyjnego [The Central and Eastern Europe’s Transformation Challenges]. Gdańsk: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Gdañskiego

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Bak, Monika (2011): Determinants of Economic Transformation in East Central European Countries. In: Kolodko, Grzegorz W. — Tomkiewicz, J. op. cit. Blejer, Mario I. — Skreb, Marko (eds

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The article is focused on the traditional Bulgarian St. Trifon’s Day, which has long been celebrated as a feast of wine and vine-growers. Its roots can be traced back to the ancient Thracian cultural heritage mixed with paganism and Christianity. The whole ritual complex with the symbolic forms of behaviour during the ritual actions, as well as verbal blessing formulas, is intended to ensure economic prosperity and infl uence the fertility of the vineyards. Using the sustainability of traditions, during the totalitarian regime the authorities turned the St. Trifon’s Day into a component of the socialist festive system as a professional celebration of vine-growers. Over the last two decades of transition, the ideological clichés of the socialist period gave way to new transformations of the feast. Today, the semantic content of the event resembles a “postmodern” patchwork of folk traditions, Christian rites and urban festivity, which is inherent in current volatility in the production of cultural realities.

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Abstract  

The polymorphic transformation of indomethacin (IMC) in the presence of Precirol during heating was investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), infrared (IR) spectroscopy, microscopic Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR)/DSC system, and powder X-ray diffractometry with heating. The results indicate that in the presence of Precirol the original γ form of IMC was first transformed to a transition state, and then to a new polymorph by heating or exposure to IR radiation. The transition state of the melted sample gave three endothermic peaks, at 34, 48 and 127°C, and one exothermic peak, at 54°C. The stable melted sample exhibited two endothermic peaks, at 58 and 127°C, which were due to the fusion of Precirol and the new polymorph of IMC, respectively. This new polymorph of IMC also exhibited two specific IR absorption peaks, at 1693 and 1675 cm−1. Microscopic FT-IR/DSC was used to examine the correlation between the structural transformation and its thermal response, and demonstrated the existence of the transition state of the melted sample. X-ray diffractometry with heating confirmed the appearance of the new polymorph of IMC in the presence of Precirol after heating.

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240 275 Cao, Y., Qian, Y., Weingast, B. (1999): From Federalism, Chinese Style to Privatisation. Economics of Transformation, (7)1: 103-131. From

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Freezing tolerance is a quantitative trait, determined by many genes and also influenced by environmental factors. Thus, the development of reliable testing methods is a prerequisite both for the identification of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) and for the identification of the genes behind the QTLs. Transformation methods proved to be effective in the direct verification of isolated genes involved in low temperature stress responses. In order to develop freezing tolerance, winter cereals must be adapted through a cold hardening period, which not only influences cold adaptation but also initiates the vernalization process necessary for flowering. Recent and ongoing studies are endeavouring to uncover the relationship between freezing tolerance and vernalization response at the genetic and molecular levels. This review aims to explain cereal freezing tolerance on the basis of recent discoveries in the areas outlined above.

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For centuries social and cultural science studies have conceptualized migration as a one-directional move leaving the country of origin behind. This article which is based on a two years ethnographical research project on migration strategies of young Slovakian women to Germany can-not only show that the new migration patters after the so-called fall of the Iron Curtain are much more of a mobile, temporary culture producing new transnational social figurations stretching at least over two different countries. The article shows as well how these women are positioning their migration strategies in the context of the transformation processes of their post-socialist country. Their practice of mobility and their reasoning of the transformation processes challenge not only the classical conceptualizations of migration but as well the hegemonic reading of the Eastern European transformation in social and cultural sciences. Their practices call for a gender sensible transnational anthropological perspective connecting both processes that of migration and the European transformations.

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monoclinic form is thermodynamically metastable and spontaneously converts to the trigonal one at higher temperature or slowly after a longer time at ambient temperature. Surprisingly, no newer work on this allotropic transformation has appeared since the

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Isoconversional analysis of solid state transformations

A critical review. Part II. Complex transformations

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: J. Farjas and P. Roura

Introduction The second part of this review is devoted to the analysis of complex transformations. In particular, we will describe the use of the isoconversional methods introduced in the first part of this review (Part I [ 1

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