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1987 . ‘Bemerkungen zum uigurischen Schrifttum in der Goldenen Horde und bei den Timu-riden . ’ Ural-Altaische Jahrbücher 7 : 115 – 126 . Vér Márton 2017 . ‘A turfáni bor a mongol korban [The wine of Turfan in the Mongol Period].’ Acta Univer

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Absztrakt:

Az agy és a keringés kapcsolatát biztosító, mikroerek szintjén megjelenő védelmi vonal a vér–agy gát, amely az idegrendszer homeosztázisának fenntartásában, az agy védelmében, táplálásában és finoman regulált működésének biztosításában játszik jelentős szerepet. Funkcióját számos sejttípus összehangolt működése és molekuláris rendszerek szabályozott kifejeződése teszi lehetővé. Azonban ez a komplex rendszer bizonyos behatásokra károsodik, szerkezete megbomlik, s akkor a védelmi struktúra permeabilitása megnő. Ez nemkívánatos exogén és endogén anyagok idegrendszeri megjelenését vagy szintjének emelkedését eredményezi, amely számos akut és krónikus központi idegrendszeri betegség patomechanizmusában játszik szerepet. A vér–agy gát károsodásának legfőbb rizikófaktora maga az öregedés, amely DNS-mutáción, oxidatív károsodáson és gyulladásos mediátorok megjelenésén keresztül destrukturálja a védelmi rendszert. Ez bizonyos fokig a természetes öregedés velejárója, de a membrántranszporterek működésének diszfunkciója patológiás állapotok kialakulásához is vezethet, amely a krónikus neurodegeneratív betegségek oki tényezői között szerepel. Ebben a közleményben a vér–agy gát felépítését, működését, károsodását és az agyi gyógyszerbeviteli lehetőségeket foglaljuk össze. Orv. Hetil., 2016, 157(51), 2019–2027.

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Victor Hugo wrote Le Voyage Vers les Pyrénées in 1843, during his travel in Spain. This work is analysed by the author from several aspects. First, taking the ancient archetypes of travelogue and story-telling as points of departure, the author discusses the characteristics of the genre in the 19th century. Then she goes on and inserts the work in the process of paradigm change typical of the century, when the notions `pittoresque', `couleur locale' and `the exotic' were all present in the texts; nevertheless, the emphasis was increasingly shifted towards the need for presenting reality. Basing her arguments on quotes, the author argues that in the case of Victor Hugo, the notions mentioned basically have the same workings in travelogues written in prose as well as in poems.

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-ten ジャライル朝シャイフ=ウワイス發行モンゴル語・ペルシア語合璧命令文書斷簡2點 [Fragments of Two Mongolian-Persian Bilingual Decrees of Jalayirid Šayḫ Uways] . ’ Nairiku Ajia gengo no kenkyū 内陸アジア言語の研究 [Studies on the Inner Asian Languages] 32 : 49 – 149 . Vér , Márton 2019a [MV: VéR 2019

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Résumé  

L'auteur s'interroge sur la possibilité de définir les époques littéraires comme des problématiques relativement hétérogènes, c'est-à-dire comme des ensembles de problèmes qui suscitent des réactions et des réponses idéologiques, esthétiques et stylistiques complémentaires ou contradictoires. Dans cette perspective, la modernité, marquée par l'ambivalence des valeurs, et la postmodernité, marquée par l'indifférence, n'apparaissent plus comme des visions du monde ou des esthétiques unitaires, mais comme des problématiques socio-linguistiques et socio-esthétiques à l'intérieur desquelles coexistent des discours fort hétérogènes: des discours, pourtant, qui réagissent à des problèmes existentiels et esthétiques complémentaires.

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. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press , 101 – 124 . Vér Márton 2019 . Old Uyghur Documents concerning the Postal System of the Mongol Empire . [Berliner Turfantexte 43.] Turnhout : Brepols . Whitfield , Susan 2015 2. Life along the Silk Road

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The nature of language and meaning, and interpretation and subjectivity, are issues of increasing concern to a wide range of contemporary disciplines. For philosophers, linguists, social scientists and theologens, the clarifications of such issues has become an urgent and inescapable task. Historical experience is fundamentally the experience of belonging to a tradition that is received from the past. Yet, as Dilthey and Husserl have stressed, experience is essentially expressible, because it can be externalised in signs that need to be understood. In this way it has grown into the culmination of interpretation in an act of appropriation indicates that ontology forms the ultimate horizon of hermeneutics. For Heidegger, understanding is no longer conceived as a way of knowing but as a mode of being (short way), as a fundamental characteristic of our “being-in-the-world”. While for Ricœur (long way), history is in terms of the interaction between two developments: the movement from a regional to a general hermeneutics, and the transition from epistemology to ontology. Consequently, understanding is self-understanding, although the return to the self is not the first, but the final moment in the theory of interpretation. It follows that we shall not only be concerned with reasoned explanation or scientific observation, but shall be watching the emergence of these activities from the mists of a “pre-scientifics” or mythological age (Kerényi). Certainly Pythagoreanism is the most controversial subject in all Greek philosophy, but his vision of an “algorhythmical” cosmos allows us to know the first “locality”, by which hermeneutics becomes not only general but fundamental towards a theology of religions.

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In this paper we present an analysis of the nature of early contacts between the Greeks and the ancient Near Eastern states (mainly the Neo-Assyrian Empire) in the 9th–7th centuries BC. In the first part, on the base of cuneiform sources we try to reconstruct the historical background of the western expansion of Assyria, in consequence of which the Levant came under the firm control of the Neo-Assyrian Empire, and the process of the eastern expansion of the Greeks as colonists, mercenaries or traders.In the second part of the article we discuss and emphasize the effect of the Assyrian imperial control on the trade of the Levant, namely the construction and functioning of the kāru-s, a system of ports of trade, whereto the Assyrians restricted the long-distance trading activity.

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„Elle n'a point eu à subir […] la pourriture, les vers et la poussière…“

Remarques sur l'iconographie de la mort de Marie ŕ propos du triptyque d'Esztergom réalisé sous l'influ-ence du Maître du Retable du roi Albert

Acta Historiae Artium Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
Author: Anna Eörsi

Summary

During the XVth Century one seldom finds a representation of the Death of the Virgin as the central theme of a tryptich. The Holy Spirit floating over the globe is as unusual for the iconography of this theme, as are the diabolic beasts abounding in the ground. The latter, just as the fly and the spider on the bedside are meant as symbols of sin. The decoration of the deathbed of Mary is reminiscent of the representations of the Arc of the Covenant. The commission of the tryptich is to be seen in the context of contemporary discussions over the Immaculate Conception. However, it is not anymore possible for us to decide which side's arguments were meant to be supported by this painting. The apostle lifting up a censer belongs to the same Rahmenthemen as the doctor lifting up the uroscope.

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