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The paper deals with two questions of the Vedic augment. Firstly, the Vedic forms with an apparently long syllabic augment are re-examined and the conclusion is drawn that these forms are due to phonological and analogical processes and do not form evidence in favour of an original long variant of the syllabic augment. Secondly, the temporal augment of vowel-initial roots is considered, which consists of the vrddhi of the initial vowel. An important analogical support for this general Old Indian rule is pointed out, namely the influence of those verbal stems that began with *Hei-, *Heu- or *Her- and had full or lengthened grade roots in the preterit tenses and therefore had phonetically regular vrddhi vowels in their augmented forms.

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Peyrot, Michaël (2013b): The Tocharian Subjunctive. A Study in Syntax and Verbal Stem Formation . Leiden-Boston (Brill’s Studies in Indo-European Languages & Linguistics 8). Peyrot M

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. Peyrot , Michaël ( 2013 b): The Tocharian Subjunctive. A Study in Syntax and Verbal Stem Formation . Leiden , Brill (Brill’s Studies in Indo-European Languages & Linguistics 8

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Tocharian Subjunctive. A Study in Syntax and Verbal Stem Formation . Leiden–Boston, Brill. Pinault , Georges-Jean ( 1999 ): Restitution du Maitreyasamiti-Nāṭaka en tokharien A

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. When prosody follows syntax: Verbal stems in Czech . Linguistica Brunensia 64 . 163 – 185 . Zwart , Jan-Wouter . 1994 . Dutch is head initial . The Linguistics Review

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anferener ), whence the gerundive with “horizontal” agreement ( popler anferener ‘of purifying the people’). Unlike Anatolian, proto-Italic reassigned the verbal noun *- ātor to the verbal stem *- ā - (< PIE *-eh 2 -i̭é/ó- ) , which triggered a

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definition admits that words need not be constituents (though in most cases they are). In the following example from Chichewa the tense and agreement prefixes do not form a unit (a constituent) with the verbal stem and the applicative and perfective suffixes

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definition admits that words need not be constituents (though in most cases they are). In the following example from Chichewa the tense and agreement prefixes do not form a unit (a constituent) with the verbal stem and the applicative and perfective suffixes

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