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Summary

During rescue excavations carried out near the vicus at Kempraten (municipality of Rapperswil-Jona, St. Gallen, Switzerland) in advance of a private construction project, a Mithraeum measuring approximately 8 by 10 m was unexpectedly discovered in the summer of 2015 and subsequently excavated and investigated in detail. This paper presents the preliminary results of the excavation, which was completed less than a year ago, and pays particular attention to the interdisciplinary approach used in the excavation. These included intense sampling of the features for the purposes of micromorphology and archaeobiology. Three construction phases with intermittent conflagrations were identified. The question as to whether there was an ante-chamber remains unanswered. The external areas are also quite difficult to interpret, at least for the time being. The rich assemblage of finds, which included numerous coins, pottery, animal bones and a range of religious artefacts (e.g. altars and a half relief), will only be dealt with in a cursory manner here. According to the range of coins, the Mithraeum undoubtedly dated from the late 3rd to the late 4th or early 5th centuries. The site will be analysed by an interdisciplinary team and preliminary work is already underway.

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Neues zur Urbanistik der Zivilstädte von Aquincum-Budapest und Carnuntum-Petronell

Auswertung und archäologische Interpretation der geophysikalischen Messungen 2011 und 2012

Authors: Stefan Groh, Orsolya Láng, Helga Sedlmayer and Paula Zsidi

Baubefunde des Handwerks und Gewerbes im römischen Vicus von Wimpfen. In: Altekamp-Schäfer 2001, 19–37. Filgis M. N. The Impact of Rome on the Settlements in the Northwestern and Danube Provinces 2001

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Az Itinerarium Antonini szerkezetének és keltezésének vizsgálata során nyilvánvalóvá vált, hogy a Szentendre alatti római tábor és vicus neve nem az általánosan elterjedt és használt Ulcisia Castra, hanem csak Ulcisia. A település 4. századi neve sem Castra Constantia, hanem Constantia volt.

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Die Geschichte der Intercisaer Beinwerkstätten kann in drei Perioden eingeteilt werden. In den Jahrzehnten nach der Besiedlung war vor allem das Militär Auftraggeber der Werkstätten. Die Konjunktur, die von den nach den Markomannenkriegen stationierten syrischen Militäreinheit und der mit den Truppen zusammen eintreffenden Kaufleuteschicht geschaffen bzw. ausgenutzt wurde, brachte für die Beinwerkstätten keine größere Veränderung. Im letzten Drittel des Bestehens von Intercisa weisen die Beinschnitzereien auf zunehmende balkanische Beziehungen hin.

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Sacrificing – Feasting – Cursing

Rituals in the Magna Mater Sanctuaries of Kempraten (Switzerland) and Mainz (Germany). An Interdisciplinary Approach

Author: Pirmin Koch

Summary

During rescue excavations between 2009 and 2013 carried out at the periphery of the vicus at Kempraten (municipality of Rapperswil-Jona, St. Gallen, Switzerland) a Gallo-Roman sanctuary, dating from the second quarter of the 2nd to the end of the 3rd century AD, was unearthed. The excavation included intense sampling for geoarchaeology and archaeobiology, which prompted the Archaeology Department of Canton St. Gall (KASG) to launch an interdisciplinary project. Four curse tablets attest to the cult of Magna Mater in the sanctuary at Kempraten.

This paper presents the first results of the interdisciplinary study and compares them to the Magna Mater sanctuary at Mainz (Germany), focusing on 1. the layout of the sanctuary, 2. sacrificing, 3. feastings and 4. cursing. The comparison between both sites showed that there was no strict setting of rituals in the cult of Magna Mater, but the importance of cursing and of burnt sacrifices is characteristic for both sites. Summing up: The temple precinct at Kempraten had a specific setting, which showed on one hand local and regional influences, for instance in terms of the temple architecture and the choice of food offerings. On the other hand, distinct differences between the Kempraten sanctuary and local Gallo-Roman sanctuaries can be observed, for instance in relation to cursing, the composition and the importance of the burnt offerings.

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K. B oruzs : A budaörsi temető üveg és üvegpaszta mellékletei [Beigaben aus Glas und Glaspaste im Gräberfeld von Budaörs] . In: A budaörsi római vicus temetője. Régészeti tanulmányok . Hrsg.: K. O ttományi

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. Ettlinger : Frühkaiserzeitliche Sigillaten aus Baden-Aquae Helveticae . Gesellschaft Pro Vindonissa 1969 – 1970 , 82 – 105 . Faber 1994 = A. Faber : Das römische Auxiliarkastell und der Vicus von Regensburg-Kumpfmühl . MBV 49. München 1994

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= M. Merczi : A Budaörs-Kamaraerdei-dűlőben feltárt római vicus fibulái (Die Fibeln des römischen Vicus in Budaörs-Kamaraerdei-dűlő). In: K. Ottományi : Római vicus Budaörsön . Budapest 2012 , 473 – 528 . Merczi 2016 = M. Merczi

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70 Faber A. 1994 Das römische Auxiliarkastell und der Vicus von Regensburg - Kumpjmühl. Veröffentlichung der Komission zur archäologische Erforschung des spätrömischen Raetien, MBV 49

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Kovács 1999 = P. Kovács : Vicus és castellum kapcsolata az alsó-pannoniai limes mentén [Beziehung zwischen Vicus und Castellum entlang des niederpannonischen Limes]. Studia Classica Universitatis Catholicae de Petro Pázmány Nominatae, Series

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