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Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Authors: Reza Beigverdi, Fereshteh Jabalameli, Akbar Mirsalehian, Sedigheh Hantoushzadeh, Shahram Boroumandi, Morovat Taherikalani, and Mohammad Emaneini

Dore, N., Bennett, D., Kaliszer, M., Cafferkey, M., Smyth, C.J.: Molecular epidemiology of group B streptococci in Ireland: Associations between serotype, invasive status and presence of genes encoding putative virulence factors. Epidemiol Infect 131

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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors: Eloisa Sevilla, Raúl C. Mainar-Jaime, Bernardino Moreno, Inmaculada Martín-Burriel, Mariano Morales, Sara Andrés-Lasheras, Manuel Chirino-Trejo, Juan J. Badiola, and Rosa Bolea

dog population from Spain with regard to AMR patterns and virulence factors associated with the AEEC and ExPEC pathotypes, both scarcely described in companion animals in this country. Materials and methods Sample collection Canine faecal samples were

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Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Authors: Ana P. Rodrigues, A. R. M. Holanda, G. P. Lustosa, S. M. B. Nóbrega, Willma J. Santana, Luciana B. S. Souza, and H. D. M. Coutinho

. B., Gorvel, J. P., Ferrandon, D., Ewbank, J. J.: Virulence factors of the human opportunistic pathogen Serratia marcescens identified by in vivo screening. The EMBO Journal 22(7) , 1451-1460 (2003). Virulence factors of

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virulence factor required for infection of cereals. Plant J. 42 :364–375. Salomon S. A secreted lipase of Fusarium graminearum is a virulence factor required for infection of cereals

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factor by itself but that its substrates, whose correct folding and topology are dependent on the DsbA oxidoreductase and/or isomerase activities, are real virulence factors [2] . Unlike other bacterial periplasmic localized DsbA, F. tularensis DsbA

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Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Authors: Zsuzsanna Antal, L. Kredics, J. Pakarinen, Ilona Dóczi, Maria Andersson, Mirja Salkinoja-Salonen, L. Manczinger, A. Szekeres, L. Hatvani, C. Vágvölgyi, and Elisabeth Nagy

Potential virulence factors of 9 saprophytic and 12 clinical Trichoderma longibrachiatum strains were examined in the present study, in order to compare their capacity to cause infection in humans. All of the strains were able to grow at temperatures up to 40 °C and at pH values ranging from 2.0 to 9.0. Carbon and nitrogen source utilization experiments revealed that all of the strains were able to utilize a series of basic amino acids both as sole carbon and nitrogen sources. The MIC values of the tested antifungal drugs were found to be 0.016-8 µg/ml for amphotericin B, 64-256 µg/ml for fluconazole, 0.5-32 µg/ml for itraconazole and 0.008-1 µg/ml for ketoconazole in the case of the examinedis olates. Metabolites of the strains inhibited the growth of different bacteria, furthermore, compounds produced by three clinical isolates reduced the motility of boar spermatozoa, indicating their toxicity to mammalian cells as well. On the whole, there were no significant differences in the examined features between strains derived from clinical or soil samples. The question, however, whether all environmental Trichoderma longibrachiatum strains have the capacity to cause infections or not, remains still unanswered.

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Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Authors: L. Kredics, Zsuzsanna Antal, A. Szekeres, L. Manczinger, Ilona Dóczi, F. Kevei, and Elisabeth Nagy

Toxicol 66 249 254 Hogan, L. H., Klein, B. S., Levitz, S. M.: Virulence factors of medically important fungi

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dynamic spread of strains from the community to hospitals and vice versa, and their spread in the hospital settings [ 14 ]. The number of studies on WGS of MRSA in Greece is limited. In a previous study, the resistance genes and virulence factors were

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pneumoniae is recognized as a common pathogen associated with both community- and hospital-acquired UTIs [ 2 ]. Its pathogenicity is related to expression of a variety of virulence factors including fimbriae, toxins, iron acquisition systems

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