Hulst , Harry van der
. 2017 a. A representational account of vowelharmony in terms of variable elements and licensing . In H. van der Hulst and A. Lipták (eds.) Approaches to Hungarian. Volume 15: Papers from the 2016 Leiden
The nature of Erzya harmony Erzya has five vowels: three opaque neutral ones (/ɑ/, /i/, /u/), which can follow any vowel and are not subject to vowelharmony; and two vowels (/o/, /e/) that usually undergo front/back harmony, i.e. they alternate in
. The catalogue of diminutive templates follows in the next section (§6), with a subsection for each template vowel. We briefly discuss the role of reduplication (§7), and the curious absence of vowelharmony in diminutive forms (§8). Conclusions
In this paper, we reanalyse the alternation in the Brazilian Portuguese verbal system called verbal vowel harmony (VH), which applies to verb stems in the second and third conjugations (e.g.,
‘to drink’ >
‘to follow’ >
‘I follow’). We pose the following questions concerning VH: (i) Is it a synchronic process? (ii) Does it exhibit paradigmatic effects? and (iii) How can it be described in Optimality Theory? To answer question (i), we present a corpus of BP dictionarized verbs in the third person and results from empirical tests that evaluate acceptability/productivity in the conjugation of pseudo-verbs. Concerning question (ii), we show that a paradigmatic correspondence between verbal forms in BP accounts for misapplication patterns. Answering question (iii), we offer a description of the process in line with Transderivational Correspondence Theory (Benua 1997).
In the second part of this series of papers the author investigates the way how the Khitan Small Script rendered the vowels of the Khitan language. The graphic system was tailored to the contemporary Chinese language, nevertheless, it is possible to make conclusions concerning the system of vowels. Three illabial vowels /a/, /e/ and /i/ can be identified, the back vocalic /ï/ can only be supposed. The vowel /o/ is dominant, for traces of /ö/ no sure data can be given. The phoneme /u/ can be clearly detected, the phoneme /ü/ can be supposed. The former opinion that the Khitan had a front:back vowel harmony can be confirmed. The paper presents a few newly deciphered Khitan words. The system of the Khitan word formation is emerging and a few earlier readings have been corrected.