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Orvosi Hetilap
Authors: István Várkonyi, Ildikó Makai, Gyöngyi Papdiné Nyíri, György Bacskó and László Kardos

Schneid-Kofman, N., Sheiner, E., Levy, A. és mtsa: Risk factors for wound infection following cesarean deliveries. Int. J. Gynaecol. Obstet., 2005, 90 , 10–15. Levy A. Risk factors for

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Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Authors: Ewa Dworniczek, Justyna Piwowarczyk, Jacek Bania, Beata Kowalska-Krochmal, Ewa Wałecka, Alicja Seniuk, Izabela Dolna and Grażyna Gościniak

Enterococci, a complex group of facultative pathogens have become increasingly isolated in various hospital settings. They are considerable frequently cultured from traumatic and surgical wounds. We investigated 57 strains of the species E. faecalis, E. faecium and E. casseliflavus isolated from infected wounds. Their ability to produce virulence factors and their sensitivity to antibiotics were evaluated using phenotypic and genotyping methods. In the phenotype studies, significant portion of the isolates produced biofilm (66.7%) and gelatinase (36.8%). Nearly 30% of the strains expressed hemolytic properties. Only a few produced DNAse (15.8%) and lipase (7.0%). The genes esp, gelE, cylA, cylB, cylM and agg were detected in most of the isolates (38.6–87.7%). All the isolated enterococci were susceptible to vancomycin and were characterized by their low resistance to antibiotics, except aminoglycosides (HLR).

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Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Authors: Ozgur Pilanci, Sevgi Ergin, Serhat Sirekbasan, Idris Ersin, Zafer Habip, Pelin Yuksel, Nuray Kuvat, Mustafa Aslan, Oyku Dinc, Suat Saribas and Bekir Kocazeybek

Infection and septic complications in burn patients can be monitored by procalcitonin (PCT) and neopterin plasma values. The aim of the study was to investigate serum neopterin and PCT levels with WBC (white blood cell) and CRP (C-reactive protein) levels in patient group (PG) and healthy control group (HCG) and to investigate the relationship of these markers with burn wound infections (BWI). As the PG, 23 patients between 0–12 ages and up to 30% Total Body Surface Area (TBSA) burned and 15 HCG were included. PCT, neopterin, WBC, and CRP results on the first, the seventh, the fourteenth and the 21st day have been compared. During the follow-up period, 11 patients with BWI and 12 patients without BWI were classified as infected and non-infected patients, respectively. PCT and neopterin levels were detected higher in patients with BWI but no significant difference were present. Also, PCT and neopterin levels within the first 24 hours following the burn were detected higher in PG than HCG. CRP and WBC levels were detected high due to burn trauma. PCT and neopterin levels were increased in patients with BWI. PCT levels were increased during the pre-infectious period, while neopterin levels increased during the post-infectious period.

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-assisted Closure System for the treatment of deep sternal wound infections after cardiac surgery Ann Thorac Surg 74 1596 600 . 24

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Orvosi Hetilap
Authors: Aref Rashed, Károly Gombocz, Magdolna Frenyó, Nasri Alotti and Zsófia Verzár

.] Orv Hetil. 2001; 142: 1321–1326. [Hungarian] 6 Toumpoulis IK, Anagnostopoulos CE, Derose JJ, et al. The impact of deep sternal wound infection on long-term survival after

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Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Authors: Ana P. Rodrigues, A. R. M. Holanda, G. P. Lustosa, S. M. B. Nóbrega, Willma J. Santana, Luciana B. S. Souza and H. D. M. Coutinho

Serratia marcescens, a Gram-negative bacillus that belongs to the family Enterobacteriaceae, is a human opportunistic pathogen bacterium that causes many diseases, such as urinary tract infections, respiratory tract infections, bacteremia, conjunctivitis, endocarditis, meningitis and wound infections. Many plasmides that confers multi-drug resistance were discovered, such as virulence factors, like cytotoxins that damage epithelial cells. The main topic of this paper presents a review about the molecular traits evolved in the pathogenic processes mediated by Serratia and its mechanism of resistance to drugs.

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A 19-year-old man had been admitted to the Hospital because of septic shock and large scale suffusions all over the body. The pathogen had proved to be Neisseria meningitidis serogroup C. In his stabilization period two superinfectious attacks arose. One of them was a bacteremia, caused by a vancomycin-sensitive Enterococcus faecium. The second was a wound infection in his deep colliquating necrotised tissue of the heel. Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis (VREF) was isolated from this lesion with some Gram-negative oppurtunistic pathogens. The strain contained the vanA gene. After systemic and topical treatment, furthermore plastic surgical interventions the patient recovered. This is the second report on VREF from Hungary colonizing/infecting a patient with an underlying disease.

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Many factors have an effect on the enhanced recovery after colon surgery. Not only the technical skill but the perioperative events needed to be optimized by the pre- and postoperative issues. Articles were obtained with search for keywords in Medline electronic database and evidences have been ranked according to the recommendations of the Oxford Evidence Based Medicine Centre. Multicentric, randomized studies have proved that the preoperative bowel emptying could not decrease the number of anastomotic insufficiencies and wound infection rate; the use of abdominal drains are not necessary in every case; the proper, early oral intake is safe and well tolerated in colo-rectal surgery, and with laparoscopic surgery the same results can be achieved as with the open one. Even nowadays the evidences found are not taken into account completely. The advantage of laparoscopic surgery can be improved with fast-track methods. To use correctly the affecting factors it is essential to know the current literature.

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Absztrakt

A hasfali sérvek kezelése minden általános sebész napi feladata. Számos megoldás ismeretes. A hagyományos, varratokkal történő műtét magas hosszú távú kiújulási kockázattal bír. A hálóbeültetéssel végzett rekonstrukciók kisebb recidívaaránnyal járnak, de a hasfali szövetek kiterjedt preparálását igénylik, mely gyakoribb sebfertőződéssel és egyéb komplikációval párosul. A minimálisan invazív hasfalisérv-sebészet a 90-es évek elején fejlődött ki. A módszer azonos fizikai és sebészi elveken alapul, mint a nyitott retromuscularis hálóbeültetés technikája. A laparoscopos „intraperitoneal onlay mesh” (IPOM) műtét módszere és az alkalmazott implantátumok az évek során jelentős fejlődésen mentek keresztül, és számos közlemény igazolta sikeres alkalmazásukat akár nagy sérvek, kövér vagy idős betegek esetében is. A minimálisan invazív módszer haszna a kisebb sebészi traumában, a következményesen csökkent műtéti fertőzési kockázatban és a ritkább sérvkiújulásban rejlik. A laparoscopos hasfali rekonstrukció egyre elfogadottabb, hiszen rövidebb kórházi ápolással, jobb eredményekkel és kevesebb szövődménnyel végezhető, mint a nyitott műtét.

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Magyar Sebészet
Authors: Péter Kupcsulik, Oszkár Hahn, Attila Szíjártó, Attila Zsirka, Tamás Winternitz, Péter Lukovich and Krisztina Fekete

Munkahelyünkön 2004–2014 között 273 elektív műtét történt benignus májelváltozás miatt. 83 esetben laparoszkópos (LAP) beavatkozásra került sor: cystafenestratio 52, májresectio 31 esetben történt. A LAP resectiókat hasonló demográfiai és klinikai jellemzőkkel bíró betegek nyitott műtéteivel összehasonlítva megállapítható, hogy a műtéti idő a LAP csoportban (113,7 perc) szignifikánsan hosszabb volt, mint a nyitott műtéteknél (89,5 perc), a kórházi ápolási idő viszont rövidebb (5,8 vs 9,1 nap). Posztoperatív szövődmény a LAP csoportban nem volt, nyitott műtétek után két sebgennyedés, egy UH-vezérelt drainezést igénylő epegyülem fordult elő. A nyitott csoportban 4, a LAP csoportban 3 beteg igényelt transzfúziót. Műtéti halálozás nem volt, reoperációra nem került sor. A közleményben részletezett műtéti technika biztonságos resectiót tesz lehetővé a máj nehezen hozzáférhető, 7–8. szegmentuma területén is. Az eredmények alapján a LAP májresectio megfelelő preoperatív vizsgálatok birtokában választható módszer májdaganatok sebészi kezelésére.

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