Even though the Mithraic epiclesis SAECULARIS has been explained with a link to the Ludi SAECULARES of 248, we prefer to elucidate it with the relief that we can observe between the two altars consecrated to MYTRAE SAECULARI, in Housesteads, in the civil parish of Bardon Mill in Northumberland, England, south of Broomlee.
Close to Hadrian's vallum, we can actually see a representation of Mithras, identified with Phanes, emerging from the cosmogonic egg with a zodiacal belt around him, lighting up the world. Concerning Jupiter (IOVI SEQULARI), moreover, on an Antoninianus of Claudius II “the Gothic”, this epiclesis expresses his responsibility for the kosmos in its cyclic eternity. Like Jupiter, Mithras is a sovereign of the universe.
One of the earliest measuring instruments used by human beings was the balance; evidence of this dates back more than 5.000
years. Initially, the weights of goods were measures rather of value than of mass. Besides yardsticks and graduated cups,
scales are today the most widespread instruments, found in almost all laboratories, factories and households. Indeed, the
balance accompanies us from birth to death.
The balance very early achieved a metaphorical meaning and was used for the comparison of ethical values. It first appeared
as an instrument in the death tribunal in Egyptian religion and later in Christianity. In the hands of the Grecian Gods, weighing
was a deciding factor as concerns victory or death. In Judaism and for the Romans, scales become the symbol of justice. Several
trade and handicraft guilds currently use the balance as an attribute, demonstrating in this way their sincerity and accuracy.
The balance is of dubious significance in astrology, as one of the signs of the zodiac.
popular, scriere şi oralitate [Zodiacal signs in Romanian traditional culture between official and popular]. Studii şi comunicări de etnologie , Tomul 17 : 23 - 31 . Bucharest : Imago .
Keszeg , Vilmos 1996 A román pap és hiedelemköre a
, we documented at least 13 Old and New Testament stories showing mushroom images, including several stories related to the life of Jesus. The Old Testament stories include the Zodiac Window, showing the cycle of the “labors of the months,” along with
Authors:Robert Beckstead, Bryce Blankenagel, Cody Noconi and Michael Winkelman
) went to Midwestern Texas to form the Mormon colony of Zodiac ( Langford & Bandera, 2003 ), a site within easy traveling distance to both the peyote beds and the Sonoran Deseret Toad catchment area. Figure 25 also shows the area where the distribution