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  • 1 Pécsi Tudományegyetem Bölcsészettudományi Kar Pszichológia Intézet
  • 2 Pécsi Tudományegyetem ÁOK Magatartástudományi Intézet
  • 3 Kaposvári Egyetem, Pedagógiai Kar
Open access

Háttér és célkitűzés

a vizsgálat a lassú, ún. K-életstratégia és a nehézségekkel szembeni ellenálló képesség, valamint a szorongásérzékenység lehetséges összefüggéseit tárja fel. Evolúciós, pozitív és klinikai pszichológiai területeket ötvöző vizsgálatunk megközelítésmódja újdonságnak számít. Célunk a reziliencia és a K-stratégia közötti összefüggések vizsgálata.

Módszer

a papír-ceruza alapú tesztekkel végzett vizsgálatban hozzáférhetőségi egyetemista mintavételezés során 674 személy vett részt, önkéntes alapon. A résztvevők által kitöltött kérdőívcsomag a Connor–Davidson Reziliencia Kérdőívet, az Életstratégia Kérdőívet és a Szorongásérzékenység Indexet tartalmazták.

Eredmények

A korrelációs és lineáris regressziós statisztikai elemzések igazolták, hogy pozitív kapcsolat figyelhető meg a lassú életstratégia és a reziliencia között. A szorongásérzékenység ugyanakkor negatív összefüggést mutat az említett változókkal. A nemi különbségek szintén megmutatkoznak, bár a minta jellemzői miatt ezek további vizsgálata szükséges.

Következtetések

Az eredményeink alapján elmondható, hogy a fiatal felnőttek esetén gyenge, ám szignifikáns kapcsolat áll fenn a K-életstratégia és a reziliencia között. Az életstratégiához tartozóan a reziliens személyek intim és tartós partnerkapcsolatokra törekednek, emellett kognitív szinten jellemzőjük az előrelátás, a tudatos és következetes tervezési képességek kibontakoztatása. A szorongásérzékenység bár helyenként statisztikailag szignifikáns kapcsolatot mutat a fenti változókkal, ezek mértéke sok esetben igen alacsony. A nemi különbségek releváns szempontként jelenhetnek meg, ám ezek tisztázásához a minta további bővítése szükséges.

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