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  • 1 Department and Clinic of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Szent István University H-1400 Budapest, P.O. Box 2, Hungary
  • 2 Department and Clinic of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Szent István University H-1400 Budapest, P.O. Box 2, Hungary
  • 3 Department of Biomathematics, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Szent István University H-1400 Budapest, P.O. Box 2, Hungary
  • 4 Department and Clinic of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Szent István University H-1400 Budapest, P.O. Box 2, Hungary
  • 5 Department and Clinic of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Szent István University H-1400 Budapest, P.O. Box 2, Hungary
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Medical records of 600 dogs diagnosed with atopic dermatitis were reviewed and evaluated with reference to history, geographical distribution, breed predilection, clinical signs and positive reactions to allergens as determined by intradermal skin testing (IDT) manufactured by Artuvetrin Laboratories**. In 66.6% of dogs, the age of onset of atopic dermatitis was between 4 months and 3 years. Dogs living in the garden suburb of Budapest were more sensitive to house dust mites, fleas and moulds, and dogs from the western part of Hungary were more sensitive to weeds than to other allergens (p < 0.01). Positive reactions were most common to Dermatophagoides farinae followed by human dander. The breed distribution found in the present study was consistent with that reported in the literature, except for the breeds Hungarian Vizsla, Pumi, French bulldog, Doberman Pinscher and Bobtail which were over-represented among atopic dogs compared to the breed distribution of the general dog population of a large city in Hungary. Breeds with verified adverse reaction to food were Cocker spaniels, French bulldogs, Bullmastiffs, Bull terriers, St. Bernards, Tervurens, West Highland White terriers and American Staffordshire terriers (p < 0.05). The clinical signs of atopic dermatitis and their occurrence are in accordance with the data described in the literature.

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