View More View Less
  • 1 Szent István University Institute for Animal Breeding, Nutrition and Laboratory Animal Science, Faculty of Veterinary Science P.O. Box 2 H-1400 Budapest Hungary
  • 2 Szent István University Department for Biomathematics and Informatics, Faculty of Veterinary Science Budapest Hungary
  • 3 Central Agricultural Office Veterinary Diagnostic Directorate Budapest Hungary
Full access

The aim of this study was to assess the age-related effects of dietary electrolyte balance (DEB) on the performance, immune response (from day 0 to 42) and macromineral content of femur ash of broilers. The DEB values of the purchased commercial broiler diets were modified with the addition of NH4Cl or NaHCO3 to formulate the diets (DEB 325, 250, 175, 100, 25 and −50 mmol/kg) for this investigation. A total of 396 chickens were divided into 6 treatment groups and fed with the experimental diets for 6 weeks. During the first two weeks of life, DEB did not influence feed intake and body weight gain; however, by the 21st day of age DEB 175 and between 22 and 42 days of age DEB 250 mmol/kg gave significantly better results than the control. DEB did not affect the macromineral concentrations of bone ash. The immune response of broilers on low DEB (< 175 mmol/kg) was faster and more intensive than that of chickens on diets with medium or high DEB (> 175 mmol/kg). It can be concluded that the optimal DEB value required for the best body weight gain is significantly influenced by the age of broilers. Our results call attention to the discrepancy between the decreasing DEB level of commercial broiler diets and the age-related increase of ‘electrolyte requirements’ of broilers. It is also interesting that DEB may influence not only the performance but also the immune response of broilers.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Ahmad, T., Mushtaq, T., Khan, M. A., Babar, M. E., Yousaf, M., Hasan, Z. U. and Kamran, Z. (2009): Influence of varying dietary electrolyte balance on broiler performance under tropical summer conditions. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. (Berl). 93, 613–621.

    Kamran Z. , 'Influence of varying dietary electrolyte balance on broiler performance under tropical summer conditions ' (2009 ) 93 J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. (Berl). : 613 -621.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • AOAC Standards (2000): Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International. In: Cunniff, P. (ed.) 17th edition. AOAC International, Arlington, VA.

    '', in Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International , (2000 ) -.

  • Borgatti, L. M. O., Albuquerque, R., Meister, N. C., Souza, L. W. O., Lima, F. R. and Trindade Neto, M. A. (2004): Performance of broilers fed diets with different dietary electrolyte balance under summer conditions. Brazilian J. Poult. Sci. 6, 153–157.

    Trindade Neto M. A. , 'Performance of broilers fed diets with different dietary electrolyte balance under summer conditions ' (2004 ) 6 Brazilian J. Poult. Sci. : 153 -157.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Borges, S. A., Fisher da Silva, A. V., Ariki, J., Hooge, D. M. and Cummings, K. R. (2003): Dietary electrolyte balance for broiler chickens exposed to thermoneutral or heat-stress environments. Poult. Sci. 82, 428–435.

    Cummings K. R. , 'Dietary electrolyte balance for broiler chickens exposed to thermoneutral or heat-stress environments ' (2003 ) 82 Poult. Sci. : 428 -435.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Edwards, H. M. (1984): Studies on the etiology of tibial dyschondroplasia. J. Nutr. 114, 1001–1013.

    Edwards H. M. , 'Studies on the etiology of tibial dyschondroplasia ' (1984 ) 114 J. Nutr. : 1001 -1013.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Haydon, K. D., West, J. W. and McCarter, M. N. (1990): Effect of dietary electrolyte balance on performance and blood parameters of growing-finishing swine fed in high ambient temperature. J. Anim. Sci. 68, 2400–2406.

    McCarter M. N. , 'Effect of dietary electrolyte balance on performance and blood parameters of growing-finishing swine fed in high ambient temperature ' (1990 ) 68 J. Anim. Sci. : 2400 -2406.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Huang, S. C. and Chen, B. J.: The effect of dietary electrolyte balance (dEB) with different levels of Ca and P on the performance of broilers. Dep. Ani. Sci. No. 1, Sec. 1, Shan-Lung Rd., I-Lan, Taiwan, Dep. Ani. Sci. and Tech. No. 155, Sec. 3, Kee-Lung Rd., Taipei, Taiwan http://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:FjLfrxytqEAJ:gra103.aca.ntu.edu.tw/gdoc/95/d91626002a.pdf+The+effect+of+dietary+electrolyte+balance+(dEB)+with+different+levels+of+Ca+and+P+and+tibial+dyschondroplasia+in+poultry&hl=hu&gl=hu&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEESiDogPOhviTjdTJ46IZEGc6NGw5y7JuUsr4oI7dLToJcre_nzEBDzhy5hpZurC2gcjJh3XQgIji_R6e6Tn4jdyQFoAmFJ3rNv-c3ohrqrCr92lzYeIuZT02yd2tEELEByuV-t-G&sig=AHIEtbTcrrWCvt5CdZ_ft8BSg0IN6auBQw

  • Hubbard Broiler Management Guide (2006): Hubbard Technology. http://www.hubbardbreeders.com/managementguides/index.php?id=11

  • IBD/Gumboro ELISA: FLOCKSCREEN™ IBD Antibody ELISA test/kit. Guildhay Limited, 6 Riverside Business Centre, Walnut Tree Close, Guildford, Surrey, GU14UG England. www.guildhay.co.uk

  • Johnson, R. J. and Karunajeewa, H. (1985): The effect of dietary minerals and electrolytes on the growth and physiology of the young chick. J. Nutr. 115, 1680–1690.

    Karunajeewa H. , 'The effect of dietary minerals and electrolytes on the growth and physiology of the young chick ' (1985 ) 115 J. Nutr. : 1680 -1690.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kellum, J. A., Song, M. and Li, J. (2004a): Lactic and hydrochloric acids induce different patterns of inflammatory response in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol. 286, R686–R692.

    Li J. , 'Lactic and hydrochloric acids induce different patterns of inflammatory response in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells ' (2004 ) 286 Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol. : R686 -R692.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kellum, J. A., Song, M. and Li, J. (2004b): Science review: Extracellular acidosis and the immune response: clinical and physiologic implications. Critical Care 8, 331–336.

    Li J. , 'Science review: Extracellular acidosis and the immune response: clinical and physiologic implications ' (2004 ) 8 Critical Care : 331 -336.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Maiorka, A., Magro, N., Bartels, H. A. S. and Kessler, A. M. (2004): Different sodium levels and electrolyte balances in pre-starter diets for broilers. Rev. Bras. Cienc Avic. 6, 143–146.

    Kessler A. M. , 'Different sodium levels and electrolyte balances in pre-starter diets for broilers ' (2004 ) 6 Rev. Bras. Cienc Avic. : 143 -146.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Martinez, D., Vermeulen, M., Trevani, A., Ceballos, A., Sabatté, J., Gamberale, R., Álvarez, M. E., Salamone, G., Tanos, T., Coso, O. A. and Geffner, J. (2006): Extracellular acidosis induces neutrophil activation by a mechanism dependent on activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/akt and ERK pathways. J. Immunol. 176, 1163–1171.

    Geffner J. , 'Extracellular acidosis induces neutrophil activation by a mechanism dependent on activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/akt and ERK pathways ' (2006 ) 176 J. Immunol. : 1163 -1171.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Melliere, A. L. and Forbes, R. M. (1966): Effect of altering the dietary cation-anion ratio on food consumption and growth of young chicks. J. Nutr. 90, 310–314.

    Forbes R. M. , 'Effect of altering the dietary cation-anion ratio on food consumption and growth of young chicks ' (1966 ) 90 J. Nutr. : 310 -314.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Moghaddam, H. N., Janmohammadi, H. and Najafabadi, H. J. (2005): The effect of dietary electrolyte balance on growth, tibia ash and blood serum electrolytes in young pullets. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 4, 493–496.

    Najafabadi H. J. , 'The effect of dietary electrolyte balance on growth, tibia ash and blood serum electrolytes in young pullets ' (2005 ) 4 Int. J. Poult. Sci. : 493 -496.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Mongin, P. (1981): Recent advances in dietary anion-cation balance: applications in poultry. Proc. Nutr. Soc. 40, 285–294.

    Mongin P. , 'Recent advances in dietary anion-cation balance: applications in poultry ' (1981 ) 40 Proc. Nutr. Soc. : 285 -294.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Mongin, P. and Sauveur, B. (1977): Interrelationships between mineral nutrition, acid-base balance, growth and cartilage abnormalities. In: Boorman, K. N. and Wilson, B. J. (eds) Growth and Poultry Meat Production. Proc. Poult. Sci. Symp. No. 12. Br. Poult. Sci. Ltd., Edinburgh, U.K. pp. 235–247.

    Sauveur B. , '', in Growth and Poultry Meat Production. Proc. Poult. Sci. Symp. No. 12 , (1977 ) -.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Murakami, A. E., Franco, J. R. G., Martins, E. N., Oviedo-Rondón, E. O., Sakamoto, M. I. and Pereira, M. S. (2003): Effect of electrolyte balance in low protein diets on broiler performance and tibial dyschondroplasia incidence. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 12, 207–216.

    Pereira M. S. , 'Effect of electrolyte balance in low protein diets on broiler performance and tibial dyschondroplasia incidence ' (2003 ) 12 J. Appl. Poult. Res. : 207 -216.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Nesheim, M. C., Leach, R. M. Jr., Zeigler, T. R. and Serafin, J. A. (1964): Interrelationships between dietary levels of sodium, chloride and potassium. J. Nutr. 84, 361–366.

    Serafin J. A. , 'Interrelationships between dietary levels of sodium, chloride and potassium ' (1964 ) 84 J. Nutr. : 361 -366.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Oviedo-Rondón, E. O., Murakami, A. E., Furlan, A. C., Moreira, I. and Macari, M. (2001): Sodium and chloride requirements of young broiler chickens fed corn-soybean diets (one to twenty days of age). Poult. Sci. 80, 592–598.

    Macari M. , 'Sodium and chloride requirements of young broiler chickens fed corn-soybean diets (one to twenty days of age) ' (2001 ) 80 Poult. Sci. : 592 -598.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Patience, J. F., Austic, R. E. and Boyd, R. D. (1987): Effect of dietary electrolyte balance on growth and acid-base status in swine. J. Anim. Sci. 64, 457–466.

    Boyd R. D. , 'Effect of dietary electrolyte balance on growth and acid-base status in swine ' (1987 ) 64 J. Anim. Sci. : 457 -466.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Saedi, M. and Khajali, F. (2010): Blood gas values and pulmonary hypertension as affected by dietary sodium source in broiler chickens reared at cool temperature in a high-altitude area. Acta Vet. Hung. 58, 379–388.

    Khajali F. , 'Blood gas values and pulmonary hypertension as affected by dietary sodium source in broiler chickens reared at cool temperature in a high-altitude area ' (2010 ) 58 Acta Vet. Hung. : 379 -388.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Santin, E., Borges, S. A., Fischer da Silva, A. V., Hooge, D. M. and Cummings, K. R. (2003): Effect of dietary electrolyte balance on immune response (Newcastle disease virus antibody titers) of broiler chickens at various ages following vaccination and during heat stress. Int. Poult. Sci. Forum, Atlanta, Georgia. Abstract 74.

    Cummings K. R. , '', in Effect of dietary electrolyte balance on immune response (Newcastle disease virus antibody titers) of broiler chickens at various ages following vaccination and during heat stress , (2003 ) -.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Toyomizu, M., Yamahira, S., Tanaka, M. and Akiba, Y. (1999): Effects of ammonium chlorideinduced acidosis on oxidative metabolism in liver mitochondria of chicks. Br. Poult. Sci. 40, 541–544.

    Akiba Y. , 'Effects of ammonium chlorideinduced acidosis on oxidative metabolism in liver mitochondria of chicks ' (1999 ) 40 Br. Poult. Sci. : 541 -544.

    • Search Google Scholar

  • Impact Factor (2018): 1.059
  • Veterinary (miscellaneous) SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.517
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 30

Language: English

Founded in 1951
Publication: One volume of four issues annually
Publication Programme: 2020. Vol. 68.
Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • Biological Abstracts

     

  • BIOSIS Previews
  • CAB Abstracts
  • Chemical Abstracts
  • Current Contents: Agriculture, Biology and Environmental Sciences
  • Elsevier Science Navigator
  • Focus On: Veterinary Science and Medicine
  • Global Health
  • Index Medicus
  • Index Veterinarius
  • Medline
  • Science Citation Index
  • Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch)
  • SCOPUS
  • The ISI Alerting Services
  • Zoological Abstracts

 

Subscribers can access the electronic version of every printed article.

Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Benkő, Mária

Managing Editor(s): Székely, András

Editorial Board

      Dénes, Béla
      Eszterbauer, Edit
      Fébel, Hedvig
      Fodor, László
      Harrach, Balázs
      Andras Komaromy (USA)
      Peter Massanyi (Slovak Republic)
      Nagy, Béla
      Németh, Tibor
      Neogrády, Zsuzsanna
      Kurt Pfister (Germany)
      Solti, László
      Szabó, József
      Vajdovich, Péter
      Varga, János
      Štefan, Vilĉek (Slovak Republic)
      Vörös, Károly
      Herbert Weissenböck (Austria)
      Zsarnovszky, Attila

ACTA VETERINARIA HUNGARICA
Institute for Veterinary Medical Research
Centre for Agricultural Research
Hungarian Academy of Sciences
P.O. Box 18, H-1581 Budapest, Hungary
Phone: (36 1) 467 4081 (ed.-in-chief) or (36 1) 213 9793 (editor) Fax: (36 1) 467 4076 (ed.-in-chief) or (36 1) 213 9793

The author instruction is available in PDF.
Please, download the file from HERE.

 

MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSION