View More View Less
  • 1 Warsaw University of Life Sciences — SGGW Department of Pathology and Veterinary Diagnostics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Nowoursynowska 159c 02-776 Warsaw Poland
  • | 2 National Veterinary Research Institute Department of Swine Diseases Puławy Poland
  • | 3 National Veterinary Research Institute Department of Hygiene of Food of Animal Origin Puławy Poland
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $25.00

1 year subscription (Individual Only)

USD  $836.00

PCV2 and PRRSV are two important pathogens of domestic swine. There is considerable evidence that the infection is also present in wild boars. Meat juice provides an alternative to serum for antibody testing, and it has been used in testing for many important porcine infectious diseases. Samples of brachial muscle were collected from 142 wild boars shot in different regions of Poland during the 2006/2007 and 2007/2008 hunting seasons. Meat juice harvested from muscle samples was tested using an ELISA test specific for PCV2 and PRRSV antibodies. Additionally, IgG and IgM antibodies specific for PCV2 were detected in order to estimate the status of the PCV2 infection. Only one of the tested meat juice samples was positive for PRRSV (0.7%), and 68 out of 142 (47.9%) samples were positive for PCV2. Of the positive animals, 4 (2.8%) had an antibody profile suggesting active infection, 2 (1.4%) early active infection, and 62 (43.7%) late infection. Also, a lack of association between the age of the animals and the presence of antibodies related to the infection was noticed.

  • Albina, E., Mesplède, A., Chenut, G., Le Potier, M. F., Bourbao, G., Le Gal, S. and Leforban, Y. (2000): A serological survey on classical swine fever (CSF), Aujeszky’s disease (AD) and porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) virus infections in French wild boars from 1991 to 1998. Vet. Microbiol. 77, 43–57.

    Leforban Y. , 'A serological survey on classical swine fever (CSF), Aujeszky’s disease (AD) and porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) virus infections in French wild boars from 1991 to 1998 ' (2000 ) 77 Vet. Microbiol. : 43 -57.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Bonilauri, P., Merialdi, G., Dottori, M. and Barbieri, I. (2006): Presence of PRRSV in wild boar in Italy. Vet. Rec. 158, 107–108.

    Barbieri I. , 'Presence of PRRSV in wild boar in Italy ' (2006 ) 158 Vet. Rec. : 107 -108.

  • Closa-Sebastia, F., Casas-Díaz, E., Cuenca, R., Lavin, S., Mentaberre, G. and Marco, I. (2011): Antibodies to selected pathogens in wild boar (Sus scrofa) from Catalonia (NE Spain). Eur. J. Wildl. Res. 57, 977–981.

    Marco I. , 'Antibodies to selected pathogens in wild boar (Sus scrofa) from Catalonia (NE Spain) ' (2011 ) 57 Eur. J. Wildl. Res. : 977 -981.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Davies, R. H., Heath, P. J., Coxon, S. M. and Sayers, A. R. (2003): Evaluation of the use of pooled serum, pooled muscle tissue fluid (meat juice) and pooled faeces for monitoring pig herds for Salmonella. J. Appl. Microbiol. 95, 1016–1025.

    Sayers A. R. , 'Evaluation of the use of pooled serum, pooled muscle tissue fluid (meat juice) and pooled faeces for monitoring pig herds for Salmonella ' (2003 ) 95 J. Appl. Microbiol. : 1016 -1025.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Hammer, R., Ritzmann, M., Palzer, A., Lang, C., Hammer, B., Pesch, S. and Ladinig, A. (2012): Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus and porcine circovirus type 2 infections in wild boar (Sus scrofa) in southwestern Germany. J. Wildl. Dis. 48, 87–94.

    Ladinig A. , 'Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus and porcine circovirus type 2 infections in wild boar (Sus scrofa) in southwestern Germany ' (2012 ) 48 J. Wildl. Dis. : 87 -94.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kaden, V., Lange, E., Nagel-Kohl, U. and Bruer, W. (2009): Meat juice as diagnostic sample for virological and serological diagnosis of classical swine fever. Dtsch. Tierärztl. Wschr. 116, 173–179.

    Bruer W. , 'Meat juice as diagnostic sample for virological and serological diagnosis of classical swine fever ' (2009 ) 116 Dtsch. Tierärztl. Wschr. : 173 -179.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kukushkin, S., Kanshina, A., Timina, A., Baybikov, T. and Mikhalishin, V. (2008): Investigation of wild boar (Sus scrofa) for porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome in some territories of Russia. Eur. J. Wildl. Res. 54, 515–518.

    Mikhalishin V. , 'Investigation of wild boar (Sus scrofa) for porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome in some territories of Russia ' (2008 ) 54 Eur. J. Wildl. Res. : 515 -518.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Le Potier, M. F., Fournier, A., Houdayer, C., Hutet, E., Auvigne, V., Hery, D., Sanaa, M. and Toma, B. (1998): Use of muscle exudates for the detection of anti-gE antibodies to Aujeszky’s disease virus. Vet. Rec. 143, 385–387.

    Toma B. , 'Use of muscle exudates for the detection of anti-gE antibodies to Aujeszky’s disease virus ' (1998 ) 143 Vet. Rec. : 385 -387.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Meng, X. J., Lindsay, D. S. and Sriranganathan, N. (2009): Wild boars as sources for infectious diseases in livestock and humans. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. Biol. Sci. 364, 2697–2707.

    Sriranganathan N. , 'Wild boars as sources for infectious diseases in livestock and humans ' (2009 ) 364 Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. Biol. Sci. : 2697 -2707.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Molina, R. M., Chittick, W., Nelson, E. A., Christopher-Hennings, J., Rowland, R. R. R. and Zimmerman, J. J. (2008): Diagnostic performance of assays for the detection of anti-porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus antibodies in serum and muscle transudate (’meat juice’) based on samples collected under experimental conditions. J. Vet. Diagn. Invest. 20, 735–743.

    Zimmerman J. J. , 'Diagnostic performance of assays for the detection of anti-porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus antibodies in serum and muscle transudate (’meat juice’) based on samples collected under experimental conditions ' (2008 ) 20 J. Vet. Diagn. Invest. : 735 -743.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Montagnaro, S., Sasso, S., De Martino, L., Longo, M., Iovane, V., Ghiurmino, G., Pisanelli, G., Nava, D., Baldi, L. and Pagnini, U. (2010): Prevalence of antibodies to selected viral and bacterial pathogens in wild boar (Sus scrofa) in Campania Region, Italy. J. Wildl. Dis. 46, 316–319.

    Pagnini U. , 'Prevalence of antibodies to selected viral and bacterial pathogens in wild boar (Sus scrofa) in Campania Region, Italy ' (2010 ) 46 J. Wildl. Dis. : 316 -319.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Mortensen, S., Strandbygaard, B., Bøtner, A., Feld, N. and Willeberg, P. (2001): Monitoring porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus infection status in swine herds based on analysis of antibodies in meat juice samples. Vet. Res. 32, 441–453.

    Willeberg P. , 'Monitoring porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus infection status in swine herds based on analysis of antibodies in meat juice samples ' (2001 ) 32 Vet. Res. : 441 -453.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Neumann, E. J., Kliebenstein, J. B., Johnson, C. D., Mabry, J. W., Bush, E. J., Seitzinger, A. H., Green, A. L. and Zimmerman, J. J. (2005): Assessment of the economic impact of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome on swine production in the United States. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 227, 385–392.

    Zimmerman J. J. , 'Assessment of the economic impact of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome on swine production in the United States ' (2005 ) 227 J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. : 385 -392.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Nielsen, B., Ekeroth, L., Bager, F. and Lind, P. (1998): Use of muscle fluid as a source of antibodies for serologic detection of Salmonella infection in slaughter pig herds. J. Vet. Diagn. Invest. 10, 158–163.

    Lind P. , 'Use of muscle fluid as a source of antibodies for serologic detection of Salmonella infection in slaughter pig herds ' (1998 ) 10 J. Vet. Diagn. Invest. : 158 -163.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Opriessnig, T., Meng, X. J. and Halbur, P. G. (2007): Porcine circovirus type 2 associated disease: update on current terminology, clinical manifestations, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and intervention strategies. J. Vet. Diagn. Invest. 19, 591–615.

    Halbur P. G. , 'Porcine circovirus type 2 associated disease: update on current terminology, clinical manifestations, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and intervention strategies ' (2007 ) 19 J. Vet. Diagn. Invest. : 591 -615.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Pińeiro, M., Gymnich, S., Knura, S., Pińeiro, C. and Petersen, B. (2009): Meat juice: an alternative matrix for assessing animal health by measuring acute phase proteins. Correlations of pig-MAP and haptoglobin concentrations in pig meat juice and plasma. Res. Vet. Sci. 87, 273–276.

    Petersen B. , 'Meat juice: an alternative matrix for assessing animal health by measuring acute phase proteins. Correlations of pig-MAP and haptoglobin concentrations in pig meat juice and plasma ' (2009 ) 87 Res. Vet. Sci. : 273 -276.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Reiner, G., Fresen, C., Bronnert, B. and Willems, H. (2009): Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus (PRRSV) infection in wild boars. Vet. Microbiol. 136, 250–258.

    Willems H. , 'Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus (PRRSV) infection in wild boars ' (2009 ) 136 Vet. Microbiol. : 250 -258.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Ruiz-Fons, F., Segalés, J. and Gortazar, C. (2008): A review of viral diseases of the European wild boar: effects of population dynamics and reservoir role. Vet. J. 176, 158–169.

    Gortazar C. , 'A review of viral diseases of the European wild boar: effects of population dynamics and reservoir role ' (2008 ) 176 Vet. J. : 158 -169.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Ruiz-Fons, F., Vicente, J., Vidal, D., Hofle, U., Villanua, D., Gauss, C., Segalés, J., Almeria, S., Montoro, V. and Gortázar, C. (2006): Seroprevalence of six reproductive pathogens in European wild boar (Sus scrofa) from Spain: the effect on wild boar female reproductive performance. Theriogenology 65, 731–743.

    Gortázar C. , 'Seroprevalence of six reproductive pathogens in European wild boar (Sus scrofa) from Spain: the effect on wild boar female reproductive performance ' (2006 ) 65 Theriogenology : 731 -743.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Saliki, J. T., Rodgers, S. J. and Eskew, G. (1998): Serosurvey of selected viral and bacterial diseases in wild swine from Oklahoma. J. Wildl. Dis. 34, 834–838.

    Eskew G. , 'Serosurvey of selected viral and bacterial diseases in wild swine from Oklahoma ' (1998 ) 34 J. Wildl. Dis. : 834 -838.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Sedlak, K., Bartova, E. and Machova, J. (2008): Antibodies to selected viral disease agents in wild boars from the Czech Republic. J. Wildl. Dis. 44, 777–780.

    Machova J. , 'Antibodies to selected viral disease agents in wild boars from the Czech Republic ' (2008 ) 44 J. Wildl. Dis. : 777 -780.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Segalés, J., Rodriguez, J., Resendes, A., Balasch, M., Sanz, A. J., Plana-Duran, J. and Venteo, M. (2005): Humoral immune response and correlation with viremia in pigs subclinically infected with porcine circovirus type 2. Proc. Intern. Conf. ‘Animal Circoviruses and Associated Diseases’, Belfast, Ireland, Sept. 11–13 September 2005. p. 61.

  • Stadejek, T., Oleksiewicz, M. B. and Pejsak, Z. (2007): Development of ELISA tests for detecting infections of European porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus. Medycyna Wet. 63, 1336–1341.

    Pejsak Z. , 'Development of ELISA tests for detecting infections of European porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus ' (2007 ) 63 Medycyna Wet. : 1336 -1341.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Vengust, G., Valencak, Z. and Bidovec, A. (2006): A serological survey of selected pathogens in wild boar in Slovenia. J. Vet. Med. B 53, 24–27.

    Bidovec A. , 'A serological survey of selected pathogens in wild boar in Slovenia ' (2006 ) 53 J. Vet. Med. B : 24 -27.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Vicente, J., Leon-Vizcaino, L., Gortazar, C., Cubero, M. J., Gonzalez, M. and Martin-Atance, P. (2002): Antibodies to selected viral and bacterial pathogens in European wild boars from south-central Spain. J. Wildl. Dis. 38, 649–652.

    Martin-Atance P. , 'Antibodies to selected viral and bacterial pathogens in European wild boars from south-central Spain ' (2002 ) 38 J. Wildl. Dis. : 649 -652.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Vicente, J., Segalés, J., Höfle, U., Balasch, M., Plana-Durán, J., Domingo, M. and Gortázar, C. (2004): Epidemiological study on porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) infection in the European wild boar (Sus scrofa). Vet. Res. 35, 243–253.

    Gortázar C. , 'Epidemiological study on porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) infection in the European wild boar (Sus scrofa) ' (2004 ) 35 Vet. Res. : 243 -253.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Wyckoff, A. C., Henke, S. E., Campbell, T. A., Hewitt, D. G. and VerCauteren, K. C. (2009): Feral swine contact with domestic swine: a serologic survey and assessment of potential for disease transmission. J. Wildl. Dis. 45, 422–429.

    VerCauteren K. C. , 'Feral swine contact with domestic swine: a serologic survey and assessment of potential for disease transmission ' (2009 ) 45 J. Wildl. Dis. : 422 -429.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Zupancić, Z., Jukić, B., Lojkić, M., Cac, Z., Jemersić, L. and Staresina, V. (2002): Prevalence of antibodies to classical swine fever, Aujeszky’s disease, porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome, and bovine viral diarrhoea viruses in wild boars in Croatia. J. Vet. Med. B Infect. Dis. Vet. Public Health 49, 253–256.

    Staresina V. , 'Prevalence of antibodies to classical swine fever, Aujeszky’s disease, porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome, and bovine viral diarrhoea viruses in wild boars in Croatia ' (2002 ) 49 J. Vet. Med. B Infect. Dis. Vet. Public Health : 253 -256.

    • Search Google Scholar

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
Jan 2021 5 0 0
Feb 2021 6 0 0
Mar 2021 12 0 0
Apr 2021 1 1 2
May 2021 4 0 0
Jun 2021 6 0 0
Jul 2021 0 0 0