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  • 1 Centre for Agricultural and Applied Ecological Sciences, Debrecen University Department of Agricultural Chemistry and Soil Science H-4032 Debrecen 138 Böszörményi Str. Hungary
  • | 2 University of Debrecen Karcag Research Institute of the Centre for Agricultural and Applied Economic Sciences Karcag Hungary
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The effects of regular NPK fertilization on the amounts of winter wheat yield and the amounts and proportion of different N forms (NO 3 -N, NH 4 -N, N org , N total ) of a Luvic Phaeosem soil determined in 0.01 M CaCl 2 were studied in the B1740 variant of the National Long-Term Fertilization Experiment at Karcag. According to the yield data, N and P fertilization increased winter wheat yield significantly. When applying the 200 kg N·ha -1 dose, P fertilization resulted in a more than 2 t·ha -1 yield increase, as compared to the treatments without P fertilization. K fertilization had no effect on the yield, similarly to preceding years. These findings may be adapted to fields of the Middle-Tisza Region with similar conditions to the trial site. The N forms of the soil determined in CaCl 2 reflected fertilization well. All of the fractions, but especially NO 3 -N and N total , increased significantly in response to N fertilization. Close relationships (r = 0.87–0.88) were found among the NO 3 -N and N total fractions and the N balance, which means that the amounts of NO 3 -N and N total are suitable for assessing both the N deficit and the N surplus. The strength of the correlation between the NH 4 -N content and N balance was moderate (r = 0.65). The N org fraction increased significantly as a function of N and P fertilization. These results can be explained with the yield increase. A significant correlation (r = 0.55) was found between the N org fraction and yield amounts. It can be established that organic residuals remaining on the site resulted in a significant increase in the N org content of soils. The gained results confirm that the N org fraction is suitable for the characterization of the readily mobilizable N reserves previously ignored in fertilization practice. On the basis of the presented results the CaCl 2 method is recommended for the precise estimation of nutrient requirements.

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Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Rajkai, Kálmán

Technical Editor(s): Koós, Sándor

Technical Editor(s): Vass, Csaba

Editorial Board

  • Bidló, András (Soproni Egyetem, Erdőmérnöki Kar, Környezet- és Földtudományi Intézet, Sopron)
  • Blaskó, Lajos (Debreceni Egyetem, Agrártudományi Központ, Karcagi Kutatóintézet, Karcag)
  • Buzás, István (Szent István Egyetem, Georgikon Kar, Keszthely)
  • Farsang, Andrea (Szegedi Tudományegyetem, Természettudományi és Informatikai Kar, Szeged)
  • Filep, Tibor (Csillagászati és Földtudományi Központ, Földrajztudományi Intézet, Budapest)
  • Fodor, Nándor (Agrártudományi Kutatóközpont, Mezőgazdasági Intézet, Martonvásár)
  • Győri, Zoltán (Debreceni Egyetem, Mezőgazdaság-, Élelmiszertudományi és Környezetgazdálkodási Kar, Debrecen)
  • Jolánkai, Márton (Szent István Egyetem, Növénytermesztési Intézet, Gödöllő)
  • Kátai, János (Debreceni Egyetem, Mezőgazdaság-, Élelmiszertudományi és Környezetgazdálkodási Kar, Debrecen)
  • Lehoczky, Éva (Agrártudományi Kutatóközpont, Talajtani és Agrokémiai Intézet, Budapest)
  • Makó, András (Agrártudományi Kutatóközpont, Talajtani és Agrokémiai Intézet, Budapest)
  • Michéli, Erika (Szent István Egyetem, Mezőgazdaság- és Környezettudományi Kar, Gödöllő)
  • Németh, Tamás (Agrártudományi Kutatóközpont, Talajtani és Agrokémiai Intézet, Budapest)
  • Pásztor, László (Agrártudományi Kutatóközpont, Talajtani és Agrokémiai Intézet, Budapest)
  • Ragályi, Péter (Agrártudományi Kutatóközpont, Talajtani és Agrokémiai Intézet, Budapest)
  • Schmidt, Rezső (Széchenyi István Egyetem, Mezőgazdaság- és Élelmiszertudományi Kar, Mosonmagyaróvár)
  • Szili-Kovács, Tibor (Agrártudományi Kutatóközpont, Talajtani és Agrokémiai Intézet, Budapest)
  • Tamás, János (Debreceni Egyetem, Mezőgazdaság-, Élelmiszertudományi és Környezetgazdálkodási Kar, Debrecen)
  • Tóth, Gergely (Agrártudományi Kutatóközpont, Talajtani és Agrokémiai Intézet, Budapest)
  • Tóth, Tibor (Agrártudományi Kutatóközpont, Talajtani és Agrokémiai Intézet, Budapest)
  • Tóth, Zoltán (Szent István Egyetem, Georgikon Kar, Keszthely)


International Advisory Board

  • Blum, Winfried E. H. (Institute for Soil Research, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU), Wien, Austria)
  • Hofman, Georges (Department of Soil Management, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium)
  • Horn, Rainer (Institute of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, Christian Albrechts University, Kiel, Germany)
  • Lichner, Ljubomir (Institute of Hydrology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovak Republic)
  • Loch, Jakab (Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary)
  • Nemes, Attila (Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research, Ås, Norway)
  • Pachepsky, Yakov (Environmental Microbial and Food Safety Lab USDA, Beltsville, MD, USA)


           International Editorial Board

  • Kätterer, Thomas (Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden)
  • Ole Wendroth (Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment, University of Kentucky, USA)
  • Simota, Catalin Cristian (The Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences, Bucharest, Romania)
  • Stolte, Jannes (Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research, Ås, Norway)

Rajkai Kálmán
ATK Talajtani és Agrokémiai Intézet
Herman Ottó út 15., H-1022 Budapest, Hungary
Phone: (+36 1) 212 2265
Fax: (+36 1) 485 5217

Indexing and Abstracting Services:

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Journal Rank
Quartile Score
Agronomy and Crop Science Q4
Soil Science Q4
Cite Score
Cite Score Rank
Agronomy and Crop Science 276/334 (Q4)
Soil Science 104/126 (Q4)


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Agrokémia és Talajtan
Language Hungarian, English
Size B5
Year of
2021 Volume 70
per Year
per Year
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0002-1873 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2713 (Online)

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