View More View Less
  • 1 University of New England, Australia
Restricted access

Introduction

Dog boots are being utilized to improve performance and welfare of dogs exposed to a range of adverse conditions; however, there is a lack of empirical evidence establishing the impact of these on gait characteristics. The aim of this research was to quantify alterations to ground force kinetics associated with the introduction of canine boots.

Methods

Six clinically sound beagles were analyzed on two separate occasions using a cross-over study design to enable randomization between barefoot and shod conditions. During each session, dogs were trotted by an experienced handler over an AMTI force plate sampling at 1,000 Hz to quantify stance time, peak vertical force, peak vertical instantaneous loading rate, and vertical impulse.

Results

Although there was no significant difference found between footwear conditions for stance time, peak vertical force, and vertical impulse, peak vertical instantaneous loading rate was significantly greater in shod when compared to barefoot.

Discussion

Findings suggest that while canine boots may provide environmental protection, increases in loading rate are indicative of alterations in foot strike that may result in overloading of musculoskeletal structures. Therefore, caution must be taken when introducing footwear to ensure an adequate adjustment period.

  • Abdelhadi, J., Wefstaedt, P., Galindo-Zamora, V., Anders, A., Nolte, I., Schilling, N. (2013) Load redistribution in walking and trotting beagles with induced forelimb lameness. AJVR 74(1), 3439.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cohen, J. (1988) Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences. 2nd ed. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

  • Cullen, K., Dickey, J., Bent, L., Thomason, J., Moëns, N. (2013) Internet-based survey of the nature and perceived causes of injury to dogs participating in agility training and competition events. JAVMA 243(7), 10101018.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Duhaime, R., Norden, D., Corso, B., Mallonee, S., Salman, M. (1998) Injuries and illnesses in working dogs used during the disaster response after the bombing in Oklahoma City. JAVMA 212(8), 12021207.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Fanchon, L., Grandjean, D. (2007) Accuracy of asymmetry indices of ground reaction forces for diagnosis of hind limb lameness in dogs. AJVR 68(10), 10891094.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Fox, P., Puschner, B., Ebel, J. (2008) Assessment of acute injuries, exposure to environmental toxins, and five-year health surveillance of New York Police Department working dogs following the September 11, 2001, World Trade Center terrorist attack. JAVMA 233(1), 4859.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gordon, L. (2012) Injuries and illnesses among urban search-and-rescue dogs deployed to Haiti following the January 12, 2010, earthquake. JAVMA 240(4), 396403.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Griffon, D., McLaughlin, R., Roush, J. (1994) Vertical ground reaction force redistribution during experimentally induced shoulder lameness in dogs. Vet. Comp. Orthop. Traumatol. 7(4), 154157.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hashish, R., Samarawickrame, S., Powers, C., Salem, G. (2016) Lower limb dynamics vary in shod runners who acutely transition to barefoot running. J. Biomech. 49, 284288.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lafuente, P., Whyle, C. (2018) A retrospective survey of injuries occurring in dogs and handlers participating in canicross. Vet. Comp. Orthop. Traumatol. 31(5), 332338.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lieberman, D., Venkadesan, M., Werbel, W., Daoud, A., D’Andrea, S., Davis, I., Mang’Eni, R., Pitsiladis, Y. (2010) Foot strike patterns and collision forces in habitually barefoot versus shod runners. Nature 463, 531535.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Moore, G., Burkman, K., Carter, M., Peterson, M. (2001) Causes of death or reasons for euthanasia in military working dogs: 927 cases (1993–1996). JAVMA 219(2), 209214.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Slensky, K., Drobatz, K., Downend, A., Otto, C. (2004) Deployment morbidity among search-and-rescue dogs used after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks. JAVMA 225(6), 868873.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Shih, Y., Lin, K.-L., Shiang, T.-Y. (2013) Is the foot striking pattern more important than barefoot or shod conditions in running? Gait Posture 38(3), 490494.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Takara, M., Harrell, K. (2014) Noncombat-related injuries or illnesses incurred by military working dogs in a combat zone. JAVMA 245(10), 11241128.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Toffoli, C. A., Rolfe, D. A. (2006) Challenges to military working dog management and care in the Kuwait theatre of operation. Mil. Med. 171(10), 10021005.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wong, J., Robinson, C. (2004) Urban search and rescue technology needs: identification of needs. Document no. 207771. Federal Emergency Management Agency and the National Institute of Justice.

    • Export Citation

The submission template is available as an MS WORD docx.

Please, download the file from HERE

Acta Biologica Hungarica at Indexing/Ranking Services:

  • Impact Factor (2019): 0.585
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.219
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 27
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q4 Neurology

 

  • Impact Factor (2018): 0.679
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.261
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 25
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q3 Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q3 Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q4 Neurology

Language: English

Founded in 1950
Siize: A4
Publication: One volume of four issues annually
Publication Programme: 2020. Vol. 71.
Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • Biological Abstracts
  • BIOSIS Previews
  • CAB Abstracts/li>
  • Current Abstracts
  • Current Contents: Agriculture
  • Biology and Environmental Sciences
  • Elsevier BIOBASE
  • Global Health
  • Index Madicus
  • Index Veterinarius
  • Medline
  • Referativnyi Zhurnal
  • Science Citation Index
  • Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch)
  • SCOPUS
  • The ISI Alerting Services
  • Zoological Abstracts

 

Subscribers can access the electronic version of every printed article.

Senior Editors

Editor-in-Chief: Miklósi, Ádám

Managing Editor: Molnár, Csaba

Editorial Board

Maász, Gábor - Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Centre for Ecological Research
Barina, Zoltán - Hungarian Natural History Museum, Department of Botany
Pongrácz, Péter - Eötvös Loránd University, Department of Ethology
Gábriel, Róbert - University of Pécs, Szentágothai Research Centre
Vágvölgyi, Csaba - University of Szeged, Department of Microbiology
Hideg, Éva - University of Pécs, Department of Plant Biology
Solti, Ádám - Eötvös Loránd University, Department of Plan Physiology and Molecular Plant Biology
Erős, Tibor - Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Centre for Ecological Research
Székely, Tamás - University of Bath, University of Debrecen
Dobolyi, Árpád - Eötvös Loránd University, Department of Neurobiology and Physiology
Tamás, Andrea - University of Pécs, Department of Anatomy
Kovács, Tibor - Eötvös Loránd University, Department of Genetics
Serfőző, Zoltán - Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Balaton Limnological Institute
Bede-Fazekas, Ákos - Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Centre for Ecological Research
Bugyi, Beáta - University of Pécs, Department of Biophysics
Fugazza, Claudia - Eötvös Loránd University, Department of Ethology
Chmura, Damjan - University of Bielsko-Biala, Institute of Environmental Protection and Engineering
Neugart, Susanne - Leibniz Institute of Vegetable and Ornamental Crops
Contardo-Jara, Valeska - Technical University of Berlin, Institute of Ecology