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  • * Ádám Bollók: ELKH – Research Centre for the Humanities –Archae ological Institute; 1097 Budapest, Tóth Kálmán u. 4
  • | ** István Koncz: ELTE – Eötvös Loránd University, Institute of Archaeological Sciences; 1088 Budapest, Múzeum körút 4/B
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Jelen tanulmány célja az elefántcsont mint nyersanyag lehetséges forrásaira és értékére vonatkozó, a római és a késő ókori mediterrán világból származó adatok áttekintése, információkat nyerve ezáltal a 6–7. századi Kárpát-medence régészeti hagyatékából előkerült elefántcsonttárgyak eredetére, elérhetőségére és árára vonatkozólag. A hellenisztikus kortól a kora középkorig terjedő időszakban a Földközi-tenger vidéki elefántcsont-kereskedelem dinamikáját megvilágító írott és tárgyi források áttekintése nyomán úgy tűnik, hogy a 6–7. századi Közép-Duna-vidéki elefántcsonttárgyak nyersanyaga a Földközi-tenger medencéjén keresztül Afrikából, ezen belül is talán a kontinens keleti feléről érkezett. Megállapítható emellett, hogy a mediterrán világ keleti és középső régióiban készült, a Kárpát-medencébe elkerült elefántcsonttárgyak nem tekinthetők kiemelkedően drága luxusjavaknak, többségük viszonylag szerény áron megvásárolható volt.

The present paper seeks to examine the available data on the possible sources and monetary value of elephant ivory, both as raw material and finished products, in the Roman to late antique Mediterranean world in order to gain a better understanding of the wider context of elephant ivory artefacts dating from the sixth and seventh centuries discovered in the Carpathian Basin. After reviewing the written and material evidence on the dynamics of the Mediterranean elephant ivory trade from the Hellenistic period until the Early Middle Ages, our main conclusion is that the raw material of the sixth- to seventh-century ivory objects of the Middle Danube Region in in all probability originated from Africa, possibly from the continent’s eastern parts, and arrived to this area through the Mediterranean. It is further argued that the few artefacts manufactured of elephant ivory in the eastern and central regions of the Mediterranean that reached the Carpathian Basin cannot be regarded as extremely expensive luxury goods – in fact, their majority would have been quite affordable to customers of more modest means.

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Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Vida Tivadar

Editor(s): Váczi Gábor

Editorial Board

  • Bartus, Dávid (ELTE Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem, Régészettudományi Intézet)
  • Csiky, Gergely (ELKH Bölcsészettudományi Kutatóközpont, Régészeti Intézet)
  • Kiss, Viktória (ELKH Bölcsészettudományi Kutatóközpont, Régészeti Intézet)
  • Láng, Orsolya (Budapesti Történeti Múzeum, Aquincumi Múzeuma)
  • Mester, Zsolt (ELTE Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem, Régészettudományi Intézet)
  • Pusztai, Tamás (Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum, Régészeti Örökségvédelmi Igazgatóság)
  • Ritoók, Ágnes (Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum, Régészeti Tár)
  • Siklósi, Zsuzsa (ELTE Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem, Régészettudományi Intézet)
  • V. Szabó, Gábor (ELTE Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem, Régészettudományi Intézet)
  • Szenthe, Gergely (Nemzeti Múzeum, Régészeti Tár)
  • Szécsényi-Nagy, Anna (ELKH Bölcsészettudományi Kutatóközpont, Archaeogenomikai Intézet)
  • Tomka, Gábor (Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum, Régészeti Tár)

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Telephone: +36 1 224 6700
E-mail: vida.tivadar@btk.mta.hu

Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • Scopus

2020  
Scimago
H-index
5
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,116
Scimago
Quartile Score
Archeology Q3
Archeology (arts and humanities) Q3
History Q3
Scopus
Cite Score
13/43=0,3
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
Archeology 169/273 (Q3)
Archeology (arts and humanities) 176/295 (Q3)
History 595/1328 (Q2)
Scopus
SNIP
0,368
Scopus
Cites
16
Scopus
Documents
11

 

2019  
Scimago
H-index
5
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,131
Scimago
Quartile Score
Archeology Q3
Archeology (arts and humanities) Q3
History Q2
Scopus
Cite Score
10/44=0,2
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
Archeology 181/263 (Q3)
Archeology (arts and humanities) 186/278 (Q3)
History 698/1259 (Q3)
Scopus
SNIP
0,186
Scopus
Cites
17
Scopus
Documents
10

 

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Archaeologiai Értesítő
Language Hungarian
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1868
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2021 Volume 146
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1
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ISSN 1589-486X (Print)
ISSN 0003-8032 (Online)