Nowadays globalization and sustainable development are interconnected economic factors having positive and negative effects on various aspects of human rights. Although the internationalization of human rights and the birth of their so-called third generation can be attributed to globalization, it has increased disparities regardless of anti-discrimination principles of human rights. There is a minimum level of economic development and resources essential for providing full-scale human rights coverage, for this reason both IMF and World Bank has on several occasions been charged with prescribing structural reform projects and shock therapy measures on state budgets, that significantly deteriorated the conditions in the population’s economic and social rights. The active participation in the global problem’s solution is also an important element of the UN Secretary General’s strategy which aims at turning the UN into an international organization that does not watch mass scale human rights abuses silently, is able and willing to act to promote development, security and human dignity in order to achieve global freedom. Not only the active role of the international organizations, but also the decision-making process closer to the levels accessible to people must also be reinforced to improve the human rights dimension of sustainable development.