Lina Beliūnienė Law Institute of Lithuania

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This article deals with insights into the analysis of shortcommings of ensuring separate human rights legal regulation in Lithuania while implementing the rule of law. The shortcomings of the Lithuania legislature are highlighted in particular the failure to ensure or inappropriate or insufficient guaranteeing of separate rights.This article has chosen to present herea selection of rights from a wider range of rights to be analysed. This choice reflects not a few but a set of the most striking examples of the shortcomings of the legislature of Lithuania. These examples could be named ‘the most striking’ because the constitutional requirements of the legislature is to ensure that human rights are explained accurately in the wide constitutional jurisprudence, despite this fact they are not sufficiently obeyed. In this article the problem of ensuring two quite different kinds of rights are identified and analysed.These include two civil rights (i.e. the right to freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degradating treatment or punishment in the context of conditions of imprisonment, the right to freedom of expression and information) and one economic right — the right to freedom of individual economic activity and initiative. They distinctly approve at least a few shortcomings of legal regulation: non-complexity/non-systematicity, inconsistency, intricacy, uncertainty, and often — instability, unconstitutionality, and in some cases nonconformity with international standards of human rights protection, as well as the inaccessibility of legal regulation. In this article the recommendations of how to improve those shortcommings are considered. In light of the inability to actually fully ensured constitutional guarantees of separate human rights it could be argued that the principle of rule of law which is enshrined in the preamble of the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania which is an aspiration, remains a major challenge for the Lithuanian society.

  • Baltrimas, J., Lankauskas, M. and Šneideris, D., Teisės į teisingą teismą užtikrinimo problemos (2012) <>

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  • Baltrimas, J., Kavoliūnaitė-Ragauskienė, E., Teisės dalyvauti valdant savo šalį užtikrinimo problemos (2013) <>

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  • Beliūnienė, L. et alia (ed.), The Most Relevant Problems of Ensuring of Human Rights in Lithuania 2008-2013: A Legal Research, Researches of the Law Institute of Lithuania (Law Institute of Lithuania 2014)

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  • Bingham, T. , The Rule of Law (Penguin 2010)

  • Birmontienė, T. , ‘Žmogaus teisių raida ir perspektyvos Lietuvoje’ (2000) 5 Jurisprudencija. Teisinės valstybės link 6672.

  • Czarnota, A., Krygier, M. and Sadurski, W., (eds) Rethinking the Rule of Law after Communism (Central European University Press 2006).

  • David, C., Fernando, D. H. and Andra, O. M., ‘Essentially contested concepts: Debates and applications’ (2006) 11/3 Journal of Political Ideologies 211246.

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  • Jarašiūnas, E. , ‘Konstitucijos II skirsnio „Žmogus ir valstybė“ komentaras. 18 straipsnis’ (1999) 1-2 Teisės probleimos 2129.

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  • Jarašiūnas, E. , ‘Žvelgiant į Lietuvos Respublikos 1992 m. Konstituciją platesniame konstitucionalizmo raidos kontekste’ (2002) 30/22 Jurisprudencija 4758.

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  • Krygier, M. , ‘Rule of Law and the Legal State (Rechtsstaat)’ (2013) UNSW Law Research Paper <http://law.>

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  • Kūris, E. , ‘Konstitucija, teisėkūra ir konstitucinė kontrolė: retrospekciniai ir metodologiniai svarstymai’ in Lietuvos Respublikos Konstitucijos dvidešimtmetis: patirtis ir iššūkiai. Recenzuotų mokslinių straipsnių rinkinys (Vilniaus universiteto Teisės fakulteto Viešosios teisės katedra Lietuvos notarų rūmai 2012)

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  • Kūris, E. , ‘Konstitucinių principų plėtojimas konstitucinėje jurisprudencijoje’ in Konstitucinių principų plėtojimas konstitucinėje jurisprudencijoje. Rozwój zasad konstytucyjnych w prawoznawstwie konstytucyjnym (Baltijos kopija 2002)

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  • Miliauskaitė, K. , Žmogaus teisių sistema civilizacijų sambūvyje (Lietuvos teisės universitetas 2004)

  • Peerenboom, R. , ‘Human Rights and Rule of Law: What’s the Relationship?’ (2005) 36 Georget J Int Law 809946.

  • Waldron, J. , ‘Is the Rule of Law an Essentially Contested Concept (In Florida)?’ (2202) 21/2 Law and Philosophy 137164.

  • Žilys, J. , ‘Kelias į Lietuvos Respublikos Konstituciją: pagrindiniai teisiniai politiniai ženklai’ (2013) Nepriklausomybės sąsiuviniai <>

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Viktor Lőrincz,
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Acta Juridica Hungarica
Language English
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Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia  
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
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ISSN 1216-2574 (Print)
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