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J. Csiky Department of Ecology, Institute of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Pécs, H-7624 Pécs, Ifjúság u. 6, Hungary

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L. Balogh Natural History Department, Savaria Museum, H-9700 Szombathely, Kisfaludy Sándor u. 9, Hungary

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I. Dancza NEVEX Institute Kft., H-1119 Budapest, Fehérvári út 97–99, Hungary

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F. Gyulai Environmental Sciences Doctoral School, Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences, H-2100 Gödöllő, Páter Károly u. 1, Hungary

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G. Jakab Institute of Environmental Sciences, Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences, H-2100 Gödöllő, Páter Károly u. 1, Hungary; Institute of Archaeology, Research Centre for the Humanities, H-1097 Budapest, Tóth Kálmán u. 4, Hungary

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G. Király Faculty of Forestry, University of Sopron, H-9400 Sopron, Bajcsy-Zs. u. 4, Hungary

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É. Lehoczky Institute of Environmental Sciences, Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences, H-2100 Gödöllő, Páter Károly u. 1, Hungary

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A. Mesterházy Wetland Ecology Research Group, Centre for Ecological Research, H-4026 Debrecen, Bem tér 18/C, Hungary

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P. Pósa Ecotourism and Environmental Education Department, Balaton-felvidéki National Park Directorate, H-8229 Csopak, Kossuth Lajos u. 16, Hungary; Environmental Sciences Doctoral School, Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences, H-2100 Gödöllő, Páter Károly u. 1, Hungary

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T. Wirth Botanical Garden, University of Pécs, H-7624 Pécs, Ifjúság útja 6, Hungary

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As part of the PADAPT project, the authors compiled the invasion biological database of the alien vascular flora of Hungary, which contains the nativeness, residence time, introduc- tion mode and invasion status of 878 alien or cryptogenic taxa. In the absence of adequate evidence, the classification of some species was only possible into uncertain, transitional cat- egories. The definitions of most categories are compatible with several international termi- nologies, but are primarily based on Central European traditions. Of the 560 taxa that have already been naturalised in Hungary, 85 are invasive, and 22 of them are transformer alien vascular plants. Only 5 of these transformers are included in the European list of Invasive Alien Species of Union concern (Ailanthus altissima, Asclepias syriaca, Elodea nuttallii, Heracleum mantegazzianum and H. sosnowskyi), which require uniform preventive interventions and treatments throughout the continent, while the rest of transformers in Hungary (e.g., Robinia pseudoacacia, Fallopia × bohemica and Solidago gigantea) draw attention to the unique, local and/ or regional invasion biological situation of the Pannonian Basin and Central Europe.

Abstract

As part of the PADAPT project, the authors compiled the invasion biological database of the alien vascular flora of Hungary, which contains the nativeness, residence time, introduc- tion mode and invasion status of 878 alien or cryptogenic taxa. In the absence of adequate evidence, the classification of some species was only possible into uncertain, transitional cat- egories. The definitions of most categories are compatible with several international termi- nologies, but are primarily based on Central European traditions. Of the 560 taxa that have already been naturalised in Hungary, 85 are invasive, and 22 of them are transformer alien vascular plants. Only 5 of these transformers are included in the European list of Invasive Alien Species of Union concern (Ailanthus altissima, Asclepias syriaca, Elodea nuttallii, Heracleum mantegazzianum and H. sosnowskyi), which require uniform preventive interventions and treatments throughout the continent, while the rest of transformers in Hungary (e.g., Robinia pseudoacacia, Fallopia × bohemica and Solidago gigantea) draw attention to the unique, local and/ or regional invasion biological situation of the Pannonian Basin and Central Europe.

INTRODUCTION

Despite the fact that the most recent list and identification keys of the vascular flora of Hungary (Király 2009) was published a decade and a half ago, the alien taxa listed in it were not classified by invasion status, origin, or even residence time. Consequently, experts could only consider the invasion biological characteristics of Hungary on the basis of previously published pa- pers. In the case of archaeophytes primarily Terpó et al. (1999), while in the case of neophytes Balogh et al. (2004) were usually used as reference (cf. Ecse- ri and Honfi 2020, Lambdon et al. 2008, Medvecká 2012, Pyšek et al. 2022). These lists are taxonomically incomplete, but enough time has also passed for the status of the species included in them to change, partly for dynamic reasons, partly due to the expansion of our knowledge (cf. Gyulai 2010, Pósa et al. 2020, Wirth et al. 2020 a, b). By joining the Pannonian Database of Plant Traits (PADAPT) project (Sonkoly et al. 2022) the primary goal of the authors is to eliminate this backlog, after defining and determining the appropriate attributes, as i) the nativeness, ii) the residence time in Hungary, iii) the intro- duction mode, and iv) the invasion status of the taxa included in the PADAPT.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

Although Király (2009) is now considered outdated in terms of the real richness of the domestic flora (e.g., Bartha 2020, Király et al. 2009, Molnár and Csábi 2021, Wirth et al. 2020 b), this is the most recent Hungarian checklist with identification keys. Accordingly, during the classification, we used this checklist and its modified version compiled by the PADAPT team (based on Bartha et al. 2015). While natives, “not confirmed” and “planted only” taxa were normally excluded from our list, only those alien species or taxa with unclear origin were classified here, which were also included in the PADAPT project (Sonkoly et al. 2022) (Appendix). In addition to the published refer- ences (Balogh et al. 2004, Bartha 2020, Ecseri 2020, Gyulai 2010, Jakab and Sümegi 2011, Pinke and Pál 2005, Pósa and Gyulai 2019, Pósa et al. 2020, Prisz- ter 1985, 1997, Soó 1964–1980, Terpó et al. 1999, Udvardy 1998, Wirth 2020 b), some manuscripts served as background material for the compilation of the database (Balogh and Gyulai 2004, Balogh et al. 2011, 2016). When classify- ing the species, we primarily used the references above, but in the case of data-deficient, poorly documented taxa we relied on our own experience and/ or professional intuition. Classification of each taxon was preceded by a dis- cussion among the authors based on the cited documents above. The recon- ciliation of individual opinions, as well as the subsequent conclusion, were documented by the authors. In this respect, the methodology (decision based on consensus) was the same as the methodology used by the authors of the recent red list of Hungarian vascular plants (Király 2007), thus the reproduc- ibility of the results is also the same. When defining the relevant invasion biological attributes (categories), we relied on previous Hungarian references (Balogh et al. 2004), and on the definitions and nomenclature used by experts from neighbouring countries (Anačkov et al. 2013, Boršić et al. 2008, De Groot et al. 2020, Essl and Rabitsch 2002, Lazarević et al. 2012, Medvecká 2012, Pyšek et al. 2004, 2012, 2022, Shevera et al. 2017, Sukopp 2006, Šilc et al. 2012). Due to the lack of reference data, as well as the lack of decisive force of the existing evidence (cf. Pyšek et al. 2022, Wąsowicz 2018), transitional categories were used and defined, in certain cases.

Accordingly, the following attributes (categories) and definitions are used in this article.

Nativeness

Native species: Those species are considered native that have occurred within the present-day territory of Hungary throughout the Holocene or were present in nature at least intermittently in subsequent periods (e.g., Quercus robur). Species that became extinct during the Holocene, before the Neolithic (~5,000 BC), and have later been re-introduced into Hungary with human assistance are not considered native.

Alien species: Species that settled in Hungary after the appearance of ma- jor human population and the associated interventions (appearing after the beginning of the Neolithic period within the present-day territory of Hungary, ~5,000 BC), mainly those that would have had little chance to overcome the natural barriers that prevented their spread without human interventions (e.g., Centaurea cyanus).

Cryptogenic species: Any species for which it is debatable whether it is na- tive or alien within the present-day territory of Hungary (e.g., Abies alba). Here we interpret this term only in terms of species’ nativeness to Hungary.

Not confirmed: Species with no confirming specimens from the present- day territory of Hungary (e.g., Pyrola media).

Planted only: Only planted, cultivated specimens or stands are known from the present-day territory of Hungary (e.g., Metasequoia glyptostroboides).

Residence time of alien and cryptogenic species

Archaeophytes: alien plant species for which there is historical, archaeo- logical or archaeobotanical evidence of occurrence within the present-day territory of Hungary before 1,500 AD (e.g., Agrostemma githago).

Neophytes: alien plant species that appeared within the present-day terri- tory of Hungary after 1,500 AD (e.g., Bromus catharticus).

Unclear: any plant species of doubtful indigenous origin (e.g., Larix decidua) or alien species which may have been established within the present-day territory of Hungary before or after 1,500 AD (e.g., Ficus carica).

For any alien or cryptogenic species for which it is not possible to deter- mine with sufficient probability whether it is an archaeophyte or a neophyte, the following four possibilities apply:

native/alien?: probably native, less likely to be an alien species (and if it is alien, it is most likely to be archaeophyte) (e.g., Spiraea crenata);

alien/native?: probably alien species (most likely archaeophyte), less likely to be native (e.g., Castanea sativa);

archaeophyte/neophyte?: probably archaeophyte within the present-day territory of Hungary, but this can only be stated with some uncertainty (it may be neophyte) (e.g., Eranthis hyemalis);

neophyte/archaeophyte?: probably neophyte within the present-day terri- tory of Hungary, but this can only be stated with some uncertainty (it may be archaeophyte) (e.g., Chenopodium strictum).

Introduction mode

Accidental: plant species unintentionally introduced by humans, or spe- cies that have migrated from neighbouring countries on their own (e.g., Plantago coronopus).

Deliberate (subspontaneous): alien species that got out from stands deliberate- ly established in the present-day territory of Hungary (e.g., Opuntia humifusa).

Both: both cases (accidental and deliberate introductions) are known for the species (e.g., Sorghum halepense).

Unknown: no reliable data is available for the species in this respect (e.g., Ranunculus psilostachys).

Invasion status

Following the traditional approach (Richardson et al. 2000, Pyšek et al. 2004), we distinguish three main phases of establishment (casual, naturalised, and as a subset of the latter, the invasive species). Among invasive species we distinguish species that significantly change the species composition and structure of habitats (transformer species).

Casual species: species with casual (spontaneous or subspontaneous) oc- currences (e.g., Cucumis sativus), excluding plants established by deliberate planting or seeding.

Naturalised species: alien species with self-sustaining populations in Hun- gary (e.g., Cabomba caroliniana).

Invasive species: naturalised alien species that reproduce rapidly and spread over large areas (e.g., Erigeron annuus).

Transformer species: invasive species that significantly alter their bi- otic and/or abiotic environment, resulting in the permanent alteration or disappearance of the original vegetation (e.g., Asclepias syriaca).

RESULTS

As a result of classifications, the characteristics (attributes) were distrib- uted as follows.

The checklist of PADAPT includes 2,745 taxa, of which 1,838 are native (therefore they are not included in Appendix), 792 are alien, 86 are crypto- genic for Hungary, 20 are not confirmed (Ambrosia psilostachya DC., Azolla mexicana C. Presl, Bromus lepidus Holmb., Calamintha einseleana F. W. Schultz, Callitriche platycarpa Kütz., Callitriche stagnalis Scop., Diphasium issleri (Rouy) Holub, Echinochloa oryzoides (Ard.) Fritsch, Hordeum marinum Huds., Orobanche coerulescens Stephan, Ostrya carpinifolia Scop., Petrorhagia obcordata (Margot et Reut.) Greuter et Burdet, Polygala nicaeensis Risso subsp. carniolica (A. Kern.) Graebn., Potamogeton filiformis Pers., Pyrola media Sw., Saxifraga granulata L., Schoenus ferrugineus L., Senecio rupestris Waldst. et Kit., Trichophorum caespitosum (L.) Hartm. and Typha shuttleworthii W. D. J. Koch et Sond.), and 9 are planted only (Metasequoia glyptostroboides Hu et W. C. Cheng, Oryza sativa L., Picea omorika (Pančić) Purk., Rheum palmatum L., Rheum rhabarbarum L., Rheum rhaponticum L., Ribes sanguineum Pursh, Rosa villosa L. and Sequoiadendron giganteum (Lindl.) J. Buchholz).

Within aliens and cryptogenic taxa (878 taxa), 302 are archaeophyte, 448 are neophyte and 128 are unclear species (Fig. 1). Within the 128 unclear taxa, 69 are native/alien?, 17 are alien/native?, 24 are archaeophyte/neophyte?, while 18 are neophyte/archaeopyte?.

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The proportions of alien species and their invasion biological attributes in the vas- cular flora of Hungary

Citation: Acta Botanica Hungarica 65, 1-2; 10.1556/034.65.2023.1-2.3

Introduction mode is accidental for 446, deliberate for 371, both for 38, and unknown for 23 of the 878 alien or cryptogenic taxa (Fig. 1).

According to their invasion status, 318 species are casual, 475 are natural- ised, 63 are invasive, while 22 are transformer species (Fig. 1).

DISCUSSION

The four attribute types (nativeness, residence time, introduction mode, invasion status) arithmetically allow 192 attribute variations (≈ 22% of the tax- onomically distinct 878 units, i.e. alien and cryptogenic plant taxa), however, only 96 of these have any invasion biological significance (the other 50% of com- binations are meaningless or prohibited from an invasion biological point of view). In other words, our treatment theoretically reduces the number of mor- phologically distinguished 878 plant taxa (at the species level) to 96 meaningful categories from an invasion biological point of view. However, of the possible variations only 45 types can be found in our database (≈ 47% of the non-prohib- ited ones). The natural (e.g. biogeographical) and/or artificial (e.g. expert bias) background of this phenomenon (proportion of existing variations and/or the absence of the theoretically meaningful variations) is still being explored.

Since the previous lists of alien species in Hungary (Terpó et al. 1999, Balogh et al. 2004) were based on different definitions, there is no point in comparing new and old Hungarian data in any way. On the other hand, it is worth mentioning that in the European list of Invasive Alien Species of Un- ion concern (FPS 2022), only 16 of the Hungarian alien taxa are listed in the Appendix. Among them only 7 are invasive or transformer taxa, the rest are naturalised (8 species) or casual aliens (Salvinia molesta) in Hungary. This low proportion of Hungarian transformers among the “most wanted” European aliens, as well as the absence of other Hungarian transformers (such as Fallopia × bohemica, Robinia pseudoacacia and Solidago canadensis) in the cited list (FPS 2022), draws our attention to the special invasion biological situation of the Pannonian Basin and/or Central Europe (cf. Anačkov et al. 2013, Boršić et al. 2008, De Groot et al. 2020, Pyšek et al. 2022, Medvecká 2012, Shevera et al. 2017).

As the list of taxa considered in this article is not complete, more and more alien species appear in the Pannonian Basin (cf. Wirth et al. 2020 b), there- fore we consider the listing and classification of all known (not only pub- lished) at least occasionally established (casual) alien species as our most im- portant task, which we consider to be feasible only with the involvement of additional experts, in the future. Until then, this list can definitely be a better starting point for evaluating the number and status of alien species in Hun- gary than those that were available up to now.

*

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to the staff of the PADAPT project for their prompt and precise cooperation, and especially to Judit Sonkoly, who also translated most of the Meth- ods (the categories) into English. Special thanks to László Demeter (Vácrátót, Hungary), An- namária Fenesi (Cluj-Napoca, Romania) and Klára Szabados (Novi Sad, Serbia) for providing some valuable literature and to our Reviewers for their thorough and helpful critiques.

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APPENDIX

Species name as given in PADAPT followed by nativeness, residence time, invasion status and introduction mode. Species listed in the European list of Invasive Alien Species of Union concern (FPS 2022) are highlighted with an asterisk (*). Abbreviations: ar/ntv? = archaeophyte/native?, acc = accidental, ar = archaeophyte, ar/neo? = archaeophyte/neo- phyte?, cas = casual, cryp = cryptogenic, del = deliberate, inv = invasive, ntv/ar? = native/ archaeophyte?, nat = naturalised, neo = neophyte, neo/ar? = neophyte/archaeophyte?, tra = transformer, unk = unknown.

Abies alba Mill. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; unk

Abies cephalonica Loudon - alien; neo; cas; del

Abies concolor (Gordon) Hildebr. - alien; neo; cas; del

Abies nordmanniana (Steven) Spach - alien; neo; cas; del

Abutilon theophrasti Medik. - alien; ar; inv; acc

Acanthus balcanicus Heywood et I. Richardson - alien; neo; cas; del

Acer negundo L. - alien; neo; nat; both

Acer opalus Mill. subsp. obtusatum (Waldst. et Kit. ex Willd.) Gams - alien; neo; cas; del

Acer saccharinum L. - alien; neo; nat; both

Acorus calamus L. - alien; neo; nat; del

Adonis aestivalis L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Adonis flammea Jacq. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Aegilops cylindrica Host - alien; ar; nat; acc

Aesculus x carnea Hayne - alien; neo; cas; del

Aesculus hippocastanum L. - alien; neo; nat; both

Aethusa cynapium L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Ageratina altissima (L.) R. M. King et H. Rob. - alien; neo; cas; del

Ageratum houstonianum Mill. - alien; neo; cas; del

Agrostemma githago L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

*Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle - alien; neo; tra; both

Ajuga chamaepitys (L.) Schreb. - alien; arc; nat; acc

Alcea biennis Winterl - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Alcea rosea L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Allium atropurpureum Waldst. et Kit. - cryp; ar/ ntv?; nat; acc

Allium atroviolaceum Boiss. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Allium cepa L. - alien; ar; cas; del

Allium fistulosum L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Allium paradoxum (M. Bieb.) G. Don - alien; neo; cas; del

Allium porrum L. - alien; ar/neo?; cas; del

Allium sativum L. - alien; ar; cas; del

Allium schoenoprasum L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Allium scorodoprasum L. s. str. - alien; arc; nat; acc

Alopecurus myosuroides Huds. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Althaea cannabina L. - alien; ar/neo?; nat; acc

Althaea hirsuta L. - alien; ar/neo?; nat; acc

Althaea officinalis agg. - alien; ar; nat; both

Amaranthus albus L. - alien; neo; inv; acc

Amaranthus blitoides S. Watson - alien; ar; inv; acc

Amaranthus blitum L. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Amaranthus bouchonii Thell. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Amaranthus caudatus L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Amaranthus crispus (Lesp. et Thév.) N. Terracc. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Amaranthus deflexus L. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Amaranthus graecizans L. - alien; ar; cas; acc

Amaranthus patulus Bertol. - alien; neo; cas; acc

Amaranthus powellii S. Watson - alien; neo; inv; acc

Amaranthus retroflexus L. - alien; neo; inv; acc

Amaranthus standleyanus Parodi - alien; neo; cas; del

Amaranthus viridis L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. - alien; neo; inv; acc

Ammannia verticillata (Ard.) Lam. - alien; neo; cas; acc

Amorpha fruticosa L. - alien; neo; tra; del

Amygdalus communis L. - alien; ar; cas; del

Anagallis arvensis L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Anagallis foemina Mill. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Anchusa azurea Mill. - alien; ar/neo?; nat; acc

Anethum graveolens L. - alien; ar; cas; del

Angelica archangelica L. - alien; ar/neo?; nat; acc

Anthemis arvensis L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Anthemis austriaca Jacq. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Anthemis cotula L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Anthemis ruthenica L. - cryp; ntv/ar?; nat; acc

Anthoxanthum aristatum Boiss. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Anthriscus caucalis M. Bieb. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Anthriscus cerefolium (L.) Hoffm. - alien; ar; nat; unk

Antirrhinum majus L. - alien; neo; nat; del

Apera interrupta (L.) Beauv. - alien; ar/neo?; nat; acc

Apera spica-venti (L.) Beauv. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Aphanes arvensis L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Aphanes australis Rydb. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Apium graveolens L. - alien; ar; cas; del

Arctium lappa L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Arctium minus (Hill) Bernh. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Aristolochia clematitis L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Armeniaca vulgaris Lam. - alien; ar; cas; del

Armeria alpina (Hoppe) Willd. - alien; neo/ar?; cas; del

Armoracia rusticana G. Gaertn., B. Mey. et Schreb. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Artemisia abrotanum L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Artemisia absinthium L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Artemisia annua L. - alien; neo; inv; acc

Artemisia dracunculus L. - alien; ar; cas; del

Asarina procumbens Mill. - alien; neo; cas; del

*Asclepias syriaca L. - alien; neo; tra; del

Asparagus verticillatus L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Asperugo procumbens L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Asperula arvensis L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Asperula orientalis Boiss. et Hohen. - alien; neo; cas; acc

Asperula rumelica Boiss. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Aster laevis Willd. - alien; neo; cas; del

Aster lanceolatus agg. - alien; neo; inv; del

Aster novae-angliae L. - alien; neo; inv; del

Aster novi-belgii L. - alien; neo; inv; del

Aster tradescantii L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Aster x salignus Willd. - alien; neo; inv; del

Atriplex hortensis L. - alien; ar/neo?; cas; del

Atriplex micrantha C. A. Mey. in Ledeb. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Atriplex patula L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Atriplex rosea L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Atriplex sagittata Borkh. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Atriplex tatarica L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Avena barbata Brot. - alien; ar/neo?; cas; acc

Avena fatua L. - alien; ar; nat; unk

Avena ludoviciana (Durieu) Nyman - alien; ar/ neo?; nat; unk

Avena nuda L. em. Mansf. - alien; neo/ar?; cas; acc

Avena sativa L. - alien; ar; cas; del

Avena strigosa Schreb. - alien; ar/neo?; cas; acc

Azolla filiculoides Lam. - alien; neo; tra; both

Ballota nigra L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Barbarea verna (Mill.) Asch. - alien; neo; cas; acc

Bellis perennis L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; unk

Bergenia crassifolia (L.) Fritsch - alien; neo; cas; del

Berteroa incana (L.) DC. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Beta vulgaris L. - alien; ar/neo?; cas; del

Bidens frondosa L. - alien; neo; inv; both

Bifora radians M. Bieb. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Borago officinalis L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Brassica x juncea (L.) Czern. - alien; neo; cas; acc

Brassica x napus L. - alien; ar; cas; del

Brassica elongata Ehrh. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Brassica nigra (L.) W. D. J. Koch - alien; ar; nat; del

Brassica oleracea L. - alien; ar; cas; del

Brassica rapa L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Bromus arvensis L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Bromus brachystachys Hornung - alien; neo; cas; acc

Bromus carinatus Hook. et Arn. - alien; neo; cas; del

Bromus catharticus Vahl - alien; neo; nat; acc

Bromus hordeaceus L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Bromus japonicus Thunb. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Bromus lanceolatus Roth - alien; neo; cas; acc

Bromus madritensis L. - alien; neo; cas; acc

Bromus rigidus Roth - alien; neo; nat; acc

Bromus secalinus L. - alien; ar; nat; both

Bromus sterilis L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Bromus tectorum L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) Vent. - alien; neo; inv; del

Brunnera macrophylla I. M. Johnston - alien; neo; cas; del

Bryonia alba L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Bryonia dioica Jacq. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Buddleja davidii Franch. - alien; neo; nat; del

Bunias orientalis L. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Bupleurum gerardi All. - cryp; ar/ntv?; cas; acc

Bupleurum rotundifolium L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Bupleurum subovatum Link ex Spreng. - alien; neo; cas; acc

Buxus sempervirens L. - alien; neo; cas; del

*Cabomba caroliniana A. Gray - alien; neo; nat; del

Calamagrostis epigeios (L.) Roth - cryp; ar/ntv?; inv; acc

Calendula officinalis L. - alien; ar; nat; del

Calepina irregularis (Asso) Thell. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Callistephus chinensis (L.) Ness - alien; neo; cas; del

Camelina alyssum (Mill.) Thell. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Camelina microcarpa Andrz. ex DC. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Camelina rumelica Velen. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz - alien; ar; nat; both

Campsis radicans (L.) Seem. - alien; neo; cas; del

Cannabis sativa L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Capsella rubella Reut. - alien; neo; cas; acc

Capsicum annuum L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Caragana arborescens Lam. - alien; neo; cas; del

Caragana frutex (L.) K. Koch - alien; neo; cas; del

Cardaria draba (L.) Desv. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Carduus acanthoides L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Carduus nutans L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Carpesium abrotanoides L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Carpesium cernuum L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Carthamus lanatus L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Carthamus tinctorius L. - alien; ar; cas; del

Carum carvi L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; both

Castanea sativa Mill. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; both

Catalpa bignonioides Walter - alien; neo; nat; del

Caucalis platycarpos L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Cedrus atlantica (Endl.) Carriere - alien; neo; cas; del

Cedrus deodara (D. Don) G. Don - alien; neo; cas; del

Celosia argentea L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Celtis australis L. - alien; neo; nat; del

Celtis occidentalis L. - alien; neo; tra; del

Cenchrus incertus M. A. Curtis - alien; neo; inv; acc

Centaurea calcitrapa L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Centaurea cyanus L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Centaurea diffusa Lam. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Centaurea salonitana Vis. - alien; neo; cas; acc

Centaurea solstitialis L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Centaurea stoebe L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Centunculus minimus L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Cerastium tomentosum L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Cerasus mahaleb (L.) Mill. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Cerasus vulgaris Mill. - alien; ar; cas; del

Ceratocephala falcata (L.) Pers. - alien; neo; cas; acc

Ceratocephala testiculata (Crantz) Roth - alien; ar; nat; acc

Ceratopteris thalictroides (L.) Brongn. - alien; neo; nat; del

Cercis siliquastrum L. - alien; neo; nat; del

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana (A. Murray) Parl. - alien; neo; cas; del

Chenopodium album L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Chenopodium ambrosioides L. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Chenopodium aristatum L. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Chenopodium bonus-henricus L. - alien; ar/neo?; nat; del

Chenopodium botrys L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Chenopodium ficifolium Sm. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Chenopodium foliosum Asch. - alien; neo; cas; del

Chenopodium glaucum L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Chenopodium hybridum L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Chenopodium murale L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Chenopodium pumilio R. Br. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Chenopodium schraderianum Schult. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Chenopodium strictum Roth - alien; neo/ar?; nat; acc

Chenopodium suecicum Murr - alien; neo/ar?; cas; acc

Chenopodium urbicum L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Chenopodium vulvaria L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Chorispora tenella (Pall.) DC. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Cicer arietinum L. - alien; ar; cas; del

Cichorium intybus L. - alien; ar; nat; unk

Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. - alien; ar; inv; acc

Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Mansf. - alien; ar; cas; del

Clematis x jackmannii Moore - alien; neo; cas; del

Clematis viticella L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Cnicus benedictus L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Cochlearia danica L. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Commelina communis L. - alien; neo; nat; del

Conium maculatum L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Conringia orientalis (L.) Dumort. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Consolida ajacis (L.) Schur - alien; neo; cas; del

Consolida orientalis (J. Gay) Schrödinger - alien; ar; nat; acc

Consolida regalis S. F. Gray - alien; ar/neo?; nat; acc

Convolvulus arvensis L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronquist - alien; neo; inv; acc

Coriandrum sativum L. - alien; ar; cas; del

Corispermum leptopterum (Asch.) Iljin - cryp; ar/ ntv?; nat; acc

Corispermum marschallii Steven - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Cormus domestica (L.) Spach - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; both

Cornus alba L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Cornus sericea L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Coronopus didymus (L.) Sm. - alien; neo; cas; acc

Coronopus squamatus (Forssk.) Asch. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Corylus colurna L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Cosmos bipinnatus Cav. - alien; neo; cas; del

Crepis capillaris (L.) Wallr. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Crepis rhoeadifolia M. Bieb. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Crepis taraxacifolia Thuill. - alien; neo/ar?; nat; acc

Crepis tectorum L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Crocus tommasinianus Herb. - alien; neo; nat; del

Cucumis melo L. - alien; ar; cas; del

Cucumis sativus L. - alien; ar; cas; del

Cucurbita maxima Duch. - alien; neo; cas; del

Cucurbita pepo L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Cuscuta campestris Yunck. - alien; neo; inv; acc

Cuscuta epilinum Weihe - alien; ar; nat; acc

Cycloloma atriplicifolia (Spreng.) J. M. Coult. - alien; neo; cas; acc

Cydonia oblonga Mill. - alien; ar; cas; del

Cymbalaria muralis G. Gaertn., B. Mey. et Scherb. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Cynosurus echinatus L. - alien; neo; cas; acc

Cyperus difformis L. - alien; neo; inv; acc

Cyperus esculentus L. - alien; neo; inv; acc

Dasypyrum villosum (L.) P. Candargy - alien; ar; cas; acc

Datura innoxia Mill. - alien; neo; cas; del

Datura stramonium L. - alien; ar; inv; acc

Daucus carota L. - alien; ar; nat; both

Delphinium x cultorum Voss - alien; neo; cas; del

Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb - alien; ar; nat; acc

Deutzia scabra Thunb. - alien; neo; cas; del

Dianthus barbatus L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; both

Digitalis lanata Ehrh. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Digitalis purpurea L. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Koeler - alien; ar; nat; acc

Digitaria ischaemum Schreb. ex Muhl. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Digitaria sanguinalis agg. - alien; ar; inv; acc

Diplotaxis erucoides (L.) DC. - alien; neo; cas; acc

Diplotaxis muralis (L.) DC. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Diplotaxis tenuifolia (L.) DC. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Dittrichia graveolens (L.) Greuter - alien; neo; cas; del

Ecballium elaterium (L.) A. Rich. - alien; neo; cas; acc

Echinaria capitata (L.) Desf. - alien; neo; cas; acc

Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv. - alien; ar; inv; both

Echinocystis lobata (Michx.) Torr. et A. Gray - alien; neo; tra; both

Echium vulgare L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Egeria densa Planch. - alien; neo; nat; del

*Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms - alien; neo; nat; del

Eichhornia diversifolia Urb. - alien; neo; cas; del

Elaeagnus angustifolia L. - alien; neo; tra; del

Elaeagnus commutata Bernh. ex Rydb. - alien; neo; cas; del

Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. - alien; neo; inv; acc

Elodea canadensis Michx. - alien; neo; inv; del

*Elodea nuttalii (Planch.) H. St.-John - alien; neo; tra; both

Epilobium ciliatum Raf. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Epimedium alpinum L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Eragrostis mexicana (Hornem.) Link - alien; neo; cas; acc

Eragrostis minor Host - alien; ar; nat; acc

Eragrostis multicaulis Steud. - alien; neo; cas; del

Eragrostis pilosa (L.) Beauv. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Eragrostis virescens J. Presl - alien; neo; nat; acc

Eranthis hyemalis (L.) Salisb. - alien; ar/neo?; nat; del

Erechtites hieraciifolia (L.) Raf. ex DC. - alien; neo; inv; acc

Erigeron annuus (L.) Pers. - alien; neo; inv; acc

Eriochloa villosa (Thunb.) Kunth - alien; neo; inv; acc

Erodium ciconium (Jusl.) L'Hér. - alien; arc; nat; acc

Erodium cicutarium (L.) L'Hér. - alien; arc; nat; acc

Eruca vesicaria (L.) Cav. - alien; neo; cas; both

Erucastrum gallicum (Willd.) O. E. Schulz - alien; ar/neo?; nat; acc

Erucastrum nasturtiifolium (Poir.) O. E. Schulz - alien; ar; nat; acc

Erysimum cheiri (L.) Crantz - alien; neo; cas; del

Erysimum diffusum Ehrh. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Erysimum repandum L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Eschscholzia californica Cham. - alien; neo; cas; del

Euclidium syriacum (L.) R. Br. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Euodia hupehensis Dode - alien; neo; nat; del

Euphorbia carpatica Wol. - alien; neo; cas; acc

Euphorbia cyparissias L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Euphorbia davidii Subils - alien; neo; cas; del

Euphorbia esula L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Euphorbia exigua L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Euphorbia falcata L. - alien; ar/neo?; nat; acc

Euphorbia glyptosperma (Engelm.) Small - alien; neo; nat; acc

Euphorbia helioscopia L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Euphorbia humifusa Willd. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Euphorbia lathyris L. - alien; ar; cas; del

Euphorbia maculata L. - alien; neo; inv; acc

Euphorbia marginata Pursh - alien; neo; cas; del

Euphorbia myrsinites L. - alien; neo; nat; del

Euphorbia nutans Lag. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Euphorbia peplus L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Euphorbia platyphyllos L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Euphorbia prostrata (Ait.) Small - alien; neo; nat; both

Euphorbia segetalis L. - alien; neo; cas; acc

Euphorbia serpens Kunth - alien; neo; nat; both

Euphorbia stricta L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Euphorbia taurinensis All. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Fagopyron esculentum Moench - alien; neo; cas; del

Fagopyron tataricum (L.) Gaertn. - alien; ar; cas; acc

Fallopia aubertii (L. Henry) Holub s. l. - alien; neo; cas; del

Fallopia x bohemica (Chrtek et Chrtková) J. P. Bailey - alien; neo; tra; del

Fallopia convolvulus (L.) Á. Löve - alien; ar; nat; acc

Fallopia dumetorum (L.) Holub - alien; arc; nat; acc

Fallopia japonica (Houtt.) Ronse Decr. - alien; neo; tra; del

Fallopia sachalinensis (F. Schmidt) Ronse Decr. - alien; neo; tra; del

Fallopia sect. Reynoutria (Houtt.) Ronse Decr. - alien; neo; tra; del

Ficus carica L. - alien; neo/ar?; nat; del

Foeniculum vulgare Mill. - alien; ar; cas; both

Forsythia x intermedia Zabel - alien; neo; cas; del

Fraxinus americana L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marshall - alien; neo; tra; del

Fritillaria imperialis L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Fumaria officinalis L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Fumaria parviflora Lam. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Fumaria rostellata Knaf - alien; ar; nat; acc

Fumaria schleicheri Soy.-Will. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Fumaria vaillantii Loisel. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Gaillardia spp. - alien; neo; inv; del

Galega officinalis L. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Galeobdolon argentatum Smejkal - alien; neo; nat; del

Galeopsis ladanum L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Galeopsis segetum Neck. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Galinsoga ciliata (Raf.) S. F. Blake - alien; neo; nat; acc

Galinsoga parviflora Cav. - alien; neo; inv; acc

Galium aparine L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Galium humifusum M. Bieb. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Galium parisiense L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Galium spurium L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Galium tricornutum Dandy - alien; ar; nat; acc

Gaudinia fragilis (L.) P. Beauv. - alien; neo; cas; unk

Geranium dissectum L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Geranium molle L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Geranium purpureum Vill. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Geranium pusillum Burm. f. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Geranium pyrenaicum Burm. f. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Geranium rotundifolium L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Geranium sibiricum L. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Gingko biloba L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Glaucium corniculatum (L.) Rudolph - alien; ar; nat; acc

Glaucium flavum Crantz - alien; neo; cas; acc

Gleditsia triacanthos L. - alien; neo; nat; del

Glycine soja (L.) Siebold et Zucc. - alien; neo; cas; del

Glycyrrhiza glabra L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Gomphrena globosa L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Gymnocladus dioicus (L.) K. Koch - alien; neo; cas; del

Gymnocoronis spilanthoides DC. - alien; neo; nat; del

Gypsophila perfoliata L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Gypsophila scorzonerifolia Ser. - alien; neo; cas; del

Halimodendron halodendron (Pall.) Voss - alien; neo; cas; del

Helianthus annuus L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Helianthus x laetiflorus Pers. - alien; neo; cas; del

Helianthus pauciflorus Nutt. - alien; neo; cas; del

Helianthus tuberosus L. s. l. - alien; neo; tra; del

Heliotropium europaeum L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Helminthia echioides (L.) Gaertn. - alien; neo/ar?; nat; acc

Hemerocallis fulva L. - alien; neo; cas; del

*Heracleum mantegazzianum Sommier et Levier - alien; neo; tra; both

*Heracleum sosnowskyi Manden. - alien; neo; tra; both

Herniaria hirsuta L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Hibiscus syriacus L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Hibiscus trionum L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Hieracium aurantiacum L. - alien; neo; nat; del

Hordeum distichon L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Hordeum jubatum L. - alien; neo; nat; del

Hordeum murinum L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Hordeum secalinum Schreb. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Hordeum vulgare L. - alien; ar; cas; del

*Humulus scandens (Lour.) Merr. - alien; neo; inv; del

Hyacinthus orientalis L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Hydrilla verticillata (L. f.) Royle - alien; neo; nat; del

*Hydrocotyle ranunculoides L. f. - alien; neo; nat; del

Hygrophila polysperma (Roxb.) T. Anderson - alien; neo; nat; del

Hyoscyamus niger L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Hypericum mutilum L. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Hyssopus officinalis L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Iberis umbellata L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Ilex aquifolium L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Impatiens balfouri Hook. - alien; neo; inv; del

^Impatiens glandulifera Royle - alien; neo; inv; del

Impatiens parviflora DC. - alien; neo; inv; del

Inula helenium L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Ipomoea purpurea (L.) Roth - alien; neo; cas; del

Ipomoea tricolor Cav. - alien; neo; cas; del

Iris x germanica L. - alien; ar; cas; del

Iris pallida Lam. - alien; neo; cas; del

Isatis tinctoria L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Iva xanthiifolia Nutt. - alien; neo; inv; acc

Jasminum fruticans L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Jasminum humile L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Jasminum nudiflorum Lindl. - alien; neo; cas; del

Juglans nigra L. - alien; neo; nat; del

Juglans regia L. - alien; ar; nat; del

Juncus tenuis Willd. - alien; neo; inv; acc

Juniperus sabina L. - alien; neo/ar?; cas; del

Juniperus virginiana L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Kickxia elatine (L.) Dumort. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Kickxia spuria (L.) Dumort. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Kitaibela vitifolia Willd. - alien; neo; cas; del

Kochia scoparia (L.) Schrad. - alien; ar/neo?; cas; both

Koelreuteria paniculata Laxm. - alien; neo; inv; del

Krascheninnikovia ceratoides (L.) Gueldenst. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Laburnum anagyroides Medik. - alien; neo/ar?; nat; acc

Lactuca saligna L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Lactuca sativa L. - alien; neo; cas; acc

Lactuca serriola L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Lagarosiphon major (Ridl.) Moss. - alien; neo; cas; del

Lamium album L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Lamium amplexicaule L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Lamium purpureum L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Lappula barbata (M. Bieb.) Menyh. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Lappula deflexa (Wahlenb.) Garcke - alien; ar; nat; acc

Lappula marginata (M. Bieb.) Gürke - alien; neo; nat; acc

Lappula squarrosa (Retz.) Dumort. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Larix decidua Mill. - alien; ar/neo?; cas; both

Lathyrus aphaca L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Lathyrus cicera L. - alien; ar; cas; del

Lathyrus hirsutus L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Lathyrus nissolia L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Lathyrus odoratus L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Lathyrus sativus L. - alien; ar; cas; del

Lathyrus tuberosus L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Lavandula angustifolia Mill. - alien; neo; nat; del

Lavatera thuringiaca L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Lavatera trimestris L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Legousia speculum-veneris (L.) Chaix - alien; ar; nat; acc

Lemna aequinoctialis Welw. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Lemna minuta Kunth. - alien; neo; tra; acc

Lemna turionifera Landolt - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Lens culinaris Medic. - alien; ar; cas; del

Leonurus cardiaca L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Leonurus marrubiastrum L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Lepidium campestre (L.) R. Br. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Lepidium densiflorum Schrad. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Lepidium graminifolium L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Lepidium perfoliatum L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Lepidium ruderale L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Lepidium sativum L. - alien; ar; cas; acc

Lepidium virginicum L. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Levisticum officinale W. D. J. Koch - alien; ar; cas; del

Leymus arenarius (L.) Hochst. - alien; neo; cas; acc

Ligustrum ovalifolium Hassk. - alien; neo; cas; del

Limnobium laevigatum (Humb. et Bonpl. ex Willd.) Heine - alien; neo; cas; del

Limonium sinuatum (L.) Mill. - alien; neo; cas; del

Linaria arvensis (L.) Desf. - alien; ar; cas; acc

Lindernia dubia (L.) Pennell - alien; neo; nat; acc

Linum usitatissimum L. - alien; ar; cas; del

Liriodendron tulipifera L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Lolium multiflorum Lam. - alien; neo/ar?; nat; acc

Lolium perenne L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Lolium remotum Schrank - alien; ar; nat; acc

Lolium temulentum L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Lonicera caprifolium L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Lonicera tatarica L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Lotus pedunculatus Cav. - alien; neo; cas; acc

*Ludwigia peploides (Kunth) Raven - alien; neo; nat; del

Ludwigia repens J. R. Frost. - alien; neo; nat; del

*Ludwigia uruguayensis (Cambess.) Hara - alien; neo; nat; del

Lunaria annua L. - alien; ar/neo?; nat; del

Lupinus albus L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Lupinus angustifolius L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Lupinus luteus L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Lupinus polyphyllus Lindl. - alien; neo; nat; del

Lycium barbarum L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Lycium chinense Mill. - alien; neo; cas; del

Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. - alien; neo; cas; del

Lycopsis arvensis L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Lythrum thesioides M. Bieb. - cryp; ar/ntv?; cas; acc

Maclura pomifera (Raf.) C. K. Schneid. - alien; neo; cas; del

Magnolia acuminata (L.) L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Magnolia x soulangeana Soul.-Bod. - alien; neo; cas; del

Magnolia stellata (Siebold et Zucc.) Maxim. - alien; neo; cas; del

Mahonia aquifolium agg. - alien; neo; nat; del

Majorana hortensis Moench - alien; ar; cas; del

Malcolmia africana (L.) R. Br. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Malus domestica Borkh. - alien; ar; cas; del

Malva alcea L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Malva moschata L. - alien; neo; cas; acc

Malva neglecta Wallr. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Malva pusilla Sm. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Malva sylvestris L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Malva verticillata L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Marrubium x paniculatum Desr. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Marrubium peregrinum L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Marrubium vulgare L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Matricaria discoidea DC. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Matthiola incana (L.) R. Br. - alien; neo; cas; del

Matthiola longipetala (Vent.) DC. subsp. bicornis

(Sm.) P. W. Ball - alien; neo; cas; del

Medicago arabica (L.) Huds. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Medicago monspeliaca (L.) Trautv. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Medicago orbicularis (L.) Bartal. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; unk

Medicago polymorpha L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Medicago rigidula (L.) All. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Medicago sativa L. - alien; ar; nat; del

Medicago x varia Martyn - alien; ar; nat; unk

Melampyrum arvense L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Melilotus albus Desr. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Melilotus officinalis (L.) Pall. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Melissa officinalis L. - alien; ar; nat; del

Mentha x piperita L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Mentha spicata L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Mercurialis annua L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Mespilus germanica L. - alien; ar; cas; del

Microrrhinum minus (L.) Fourr. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Mimulus guttatus Fisch. ex DC. - alien; neo; cas; both

Misopates orontium (L.) Raf. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Monochoria korsakowii Regel et Maack - alien; neo; nat; acc

Montia linearis (Douglas) Greene - alien; neo; nat; acc

Montia perfoliata (Donn ex Wild.) Howell - alien; neo; cas; del

Morus alba L. - alien; ar; nat; del

Morus nigra L. - alien; ar; cas; del

Muscari comosum (L.) Mill. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Muscari neglectum Guss. ex Ten. s. l. - cryp; ar/ ntv?; nat; acc

Myagrum perfoliatum L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Myosotis arvensis (L.) Hill - alien; ar; nat; acc

*Myriophyllum aquaticum (Vell.) Verdc. - alien; neo; nat; del

*Myriophyllum heterophyllum Michx. - alien; neo; nat; del

Najas gracillima (A. Braun ex Engelm.) Magnus - alien; neo; nat; acc

Najas guadelupensis (Spreng.) Magnus - alien; neo; cas; del

Narcissus x incomparabilis Mill. - alien; neo; cas; del

Narcissus poeticus - alien; neo; cas; del

Narcissus pseudonarcissus L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Narcissus radiiflorus Salisb. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; unk

Nepeta cataria L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Neslia paniculata (L.) Desv. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn. - alien; neo; cas; del

Nicotiana alata Link et Otto - alien; neo; cas; del

Nicotiana rustica L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Nicotiana tabacum L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Nigella arvensis L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Nigella damascena L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Nigella sativa L. - alien; ar; cas; del

Nonea lutea (Desv.) DC. - alien; neo; nat; del

Nymphaea caerulea Savigny - alien; neo; nat; del

Nymphaea lotus L. - alien; neo; nat; del

Nymphaea rubra Roxb. - alien; neo; nat; del

Oenothera biennis L. - alien; neo; inv; acc

Oenothera glazioviana Micheli - alien; neo; cas; acc

Oenothera x hoelscheri Renner ex Rostański - alien; neo; cas; acc

Oenothera oakesiana (A. Gray) J. W. Robbins ex S. Watson et J. M. Coult. - alien; neo; cas; acc

Oenothera oehlkersii Kappus ex Rostański - alien; neo; cas; del

Oenothera rubricaulis Kleb. - alien; neo; cas; acc

Oenothera salicifolia Desf. - alien; neo; cas; acc

Oenothera suaveolens Desf. - alien; neo; cas; acc

Oenothera victorini R. R. Gates - alien; neo; cas; del

Omphalodes verna Moench - alien; neo; cas; del

Onobrychis viciifolia agg. - alien; ar; nat; del

Onopordum acanthium L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf. - alien; neo; nat; del

Opuntia phaeacantha Engelm. - alien; neo; nat; del

Opuntia polyacantha Haworth - alien; neo; nat; del

Orlaya grandiflora (L.) Hoffm. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Ornithogalum brevistylum Wolfner - alien; ar; nat; acc

Ornithogalum nutans L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Ornithogalum refractum Kit. in Willd. - cryp; ar/ ntv?; nat; acc

Ornithogalum umbellatum L. s. l. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Ornithopus sativus Brot. - alien; neo; cas; del

Orobanche cernua L. in Loeffl. - alien; neo; nat; unk

Orobanche cumana Wallr. - alien; neo; nat; unk

Orobanche ramosa L. - alien; neo; nat; unk

Oxalis corniculata L. - alien; ar; inv; acc

Oxalis dillenii Jacq. - alien; neo; inv; acc

Oxalis stricta L. - alien; neo; inv; acc

Oxybaphus nyctagineus (Michx.) Sweet - alien; neo; inv; both

Padus serotina (Ehrh.) Borkh. - alien; neo; tra; del

Paeonia tenuifolia L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Panicum capillare agg. - alien; neo; inv; acc

Panicum dichotomiflorum Michx. - alien; neo; inv; acc

Panicum miliaceum agg. - alien; ar; cas; del

Panicum philadelphicum Bernh. - alien; neo; cas; acc

Panicum riparium H. Scholz - alien; neo; cas; acc

Panicum ruderale (Kitag.) Lyssov - alien; neo; inv; both

Papaver argemone L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Papaver dubium L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Papaver hybridum L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Papaver rhoeas L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Papaver somniferum L. - alien; ar; cas; del

Parietaria diffusa Mert. et W. D. J. Koch - alien; neo; nat; acc

Parietaria pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Parthenocissus inserta (A. Kern.) Fritsch - alien; neo; inv; del

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch. - alien; neo; nat; del

Parthenocissus tricuspidata Siebold et Zucc. - alien; neo; cas; del

Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Steud. - alien; neo; nat; del

Persica vulgaris Mill. - alien; ar; cas; del

Persicaria lapathifolia (L.) Delarbre - alien; ar; nat; acc

Persicaria maculosa S. F. Gray - alien; ar; nat; acc

Persicaria orientalis (L.) Gray - alien; neo; cas; del

Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) A. W. Hill - alien; neo/ar?; cas; del

Petrosimonia triandra (Pall.) Rech. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Petunia x atkinsiana D. Don - alien; neo; cas; del

Phacelia congesta Hook. - alien; neo; cas; del

Phacelia tanacetifolia Benth. - alien; neo; cas; del

Phalaris canariensis L. - alien; neo; cas; both

Phaseolus coccineus L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Phaseolus vulgaris L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Philadelphus coronarius L. - alien; neo; nat; del

Phleum paniculatum Huds. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Phuopsis stylosa (Trin.) Hook. f. ex B. D. Jacks. - alien; neo; cas; del

Physalis alkekengi L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Physalis peruviana L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Physocaulis nodosus (L.) W. D. J. Koch - alien; ar; nat; acc

Phytolacca americana L. - alien; neo; inv; del

Phytolacca esculenta van Houtte - alien; neo; inv; del

Picea abies (L.) H. Karst. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; both

Picea pungens Engelm. - alien; neo; cas; del

Picris hieracioides L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Pimpinella anisum L. - alien; neo/ar?; cas; both

Pinus nigra J. F. Arnold - alien; neo; nat; del

Pinus ponderosa Douglas ex Lawson et C. Lawson - alien; neo; cas; del

Pinus strobus L. - alien; neo; nat; del

Pinus wallichiana A. B. Jacks. - alien; neo; cas; del

*Pistia stratiotes L. - alien; neo; nat; del

Pisum elatius Steven - alien; ar; nat; acc

Pisum sativum L. - alien; ar; cas; del

Plantago coronopus L. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Platanus x hybrida Brot. - alien; neo; cas; del

Polycarpon tetraphyllum L. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Polygonum aviculare agg. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Polypogon viridis (Gouan) Breistr. - alien; neo; cas; del

Populus x euramericana (Dode) Guinier - alien; neo; nat; del

Populus simonii Carriere - alien; neo; cas; del

Portulaca grandiflora Hook. - alien; neo; nat; del

Portulaca oleracea L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Potentilla anserina L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Potentilla indica (Andrews) Focke - alien; neo; inv; del

Prunus cerasifera Ehrh. - alien; ar; nat; del

Prunus domestica agg. - alien; ar; nat; del

Pseudofumaria lutea (L.) Borkh. - alien; neo; cas; del

Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco - alien; neo; cas; del

Ptelea trifoliata L. - alien; neo; nat; del

Pterocarya fraxinifolia (Lam.) Spach - alien; neo; cas; del

Pyrus communis L. - alien; ar; cas; del

Pyrus nivalis Jacq. s. l. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; unk

Pyrus salviifolia DC. - alien; ar/neo?; cas; del

Quercus frainetto Ten. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Quercus palustris Münchh. - alien; neo; cas; del

Quercus rubra L. - alien; neo; nat; del

Ranunculus arvensis L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Ranunculus cymbalaria Pursh - alien; neo; cas; del

Ranunculus parviflorus L. - alien; neo; cas; acc

Ranunculus psilostachys Griseb. - alien; ar/neo?; nat; unk

Ranunculus sardous Crantz - alien; ar; nat; acc

Raphanus raphanistrum L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Raphanus sativus L. - alien; ar; cas; del

Rapistrum perenne (L.) All. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Rapistrum rugosum (L.) All. - alien; neo/ar?; nat; unk

Reseda lutea L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Reseda luteola L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Reseda phyteuma L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Rhus typhina L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Ribes aureum Pursh - alien; neo; inv; del

Ribes nigrum L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; both

Ribes rubrum agg. - alien; ar; nat; del

Robinia hispida L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Robinia pseudoacacia L. - alien; neo; tra; del

Robinia viscosa Vent. - alien; neo; inv; del

Rosa blanda Aiton - alien; neo; cas; del

Rosa foetida Herrm. - alien; neo; cas; del

Rosa glauca Pourr. - alien; neo; cas; del

Rosa majalis Herrm. - alien; neo; cas; del

Rosa multiflora Thunb. - alien; neo; cas; del

Rosa rugosa Thunb. - alien; neo; cas; acc

Rostraria cristata (L.) Tzvelev - alien; neo; cas; acc

Rotala rotundifolia (Roxb.) Koehne - alien; neo; nat; del

Rubia tinctorum L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Rubus phoenicolasius Maxim. - alien; neo; cas; del

Rudbeckia hirta L. - alien; neo; nat; del

Rudbeckia laciniata L. - alien; neo; inv; del

Rudbeckia triloba L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Rumex crispus L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Rumex dentatus L. subsp. halacsyi (Rech.) Rech. - alien; neo/ar?; nat; unk

Rumex patientia L. - alien; ar; nat; both

Rumex pulcher L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Rumex rugosus Campd. - cryp; ar/ntv?; cas; del

Rumex scutatus L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Rumex thyrsiflorus Fingerh. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Ruta graveolens L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Sagina procumbens L. - alien; ar; nat; unk

Sagina sabuletorum (J. Gay) Lange - alien; ar/neo?; nat; unk

Sagittaria subulata (L.) Buchenau - alien; neo; nat; del

Salsola collina Pall. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Salvia officinalis L. - alien; ar/neo?; cas; del

Salvia sclarea L. - alien; ar/neo?; nat; del

Salvia verbenacea L. - alien; neo; nat; both

*Salvinia molesta D. S. Mitch. - alien; neo; cas; del

Saponaria officinalis L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Sarothamnus scoparius (L.) Wimm. ex W. D. J. Koch - alien; neo/ar?; nat; del

Satureja hortensis L. - alien; ar; cas; del

Scandix pecten-veneris L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Scilla siberica Haw. - alien; neo; cas; acc

Sclerochloa dura (L.) Beauv. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Secale cereale L. - alien; ar; cas; del

Secale sylvestre Host - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Sedum rupestre L. - alien; neo; nat; del

Sedum spurium M. Bieb. - alien; neo; cas; del

Sempervivum tectorum L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Senecio inaequidens DC. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Senecio vernalis Waldst. et Kit. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Senecio vulgaris L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Setaria faberi R. A. W. Herrm. - alien; neo; nat; del

Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. - alien; ar; cas; del

Setaria pumila (Poir.) Schult. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Setaria verticillata (L.) Beauv. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Setaria verticilliformis Dumort. - alien; arc; nat; acc

Setaria viridis (L.) Beauv. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Sherardia arvensis L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Sicyos angulatus L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Sideritis montana L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Silene armeria L. - alien; neo/ar?; cas; del

Silene dichotoma Ehrh. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Silene gallica L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Silene noctiflora L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. - alien; neo; cas; del

Sinapis alba L. - alien; ar; cas; unk

Sinapis arvensis L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Sisymbrium altissimum L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Sisymbrium loeselii L. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Sisymbrium officinale (L.) Scop. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Sisymbrium orientale L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Sisyrinchium bermudiana Mill. s. l. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Solanum alatum Moench - alien; neo; nat; acc

Solanum melongena L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Solanum nigrum L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Solanum rostratum Dunal - alien; neo; nat; acc

Solanum tuberosum L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Solanum villosum Mill. s. l. - alien; neo; cas; acc

Solidago canadensis L. - alien; neo; tra; del

Solidago gigantea Aiton - alien; neo; tra; del

Solidago graminifolia (L.) Salisb. - alien; neo; cas; del

Sonchus arvensis L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Sonchus asper (L.) Hill - alien; ar; nat; acc

Sonchus oleraceus L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Sophora japonica L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench - alien; neo; cas; del

Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers. - alien; neo; inv; both

Sorghum sudanense (Piper) Stapf - alien; neo; cas; del

Spergula arvensis L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Spinacia oleracea L. - alien; neo/ar?; cas; del

Spiraea crenata L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; unk

Spiraea x vanhouttei (Briot) Zabel - alien; neo; cas; del

Sporobolus cryptandrus (Torr.) A. Gray - alien; neo; nat; acc

Sporobolus neglectus Nash - alien; neo; nat; del

Sporobolus vaginiflorus (Torr.) Wood. - alien; neo; nat; del

Stachys annua L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Stachys byzantina K. Koch - alien; neo; cas; del

Stipa bromoides (L.) Dörfler - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; unk

Symphoricarpos albus (L.) S. F. Blake - alien; neo; cas; del

Symphyotrichum ciliatum (Ledeb.) G. L. Nesom - alien; neo; cas; del

Symphytum asperum Lepech. - alien; neo; cas; del

Symphytum x uplandicum Nyman - alien; neo; cas; del

Syringa vulgaris L. - alien; neo; nat; del

Taeniatherum caput-medusae (L.) Nevski - alien; neo; nat; acc

Tagetes erecta L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Tagetes minuta L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Tagetes patula L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Tamarix spp. - alien; neo; cas; del

Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Sch. Bip. - alien; neo; cas; del

Tanacetum vulgare L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Taxodium distichum (L.) Rich. - alien; neo; cas; del

Telekia speciosa (Schreb.) Baumg. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Teucrium botrys L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Thladiantha dubia Bunge - alien; neo; nat; del

Thlaspi alliaceum L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Thlaspi arvense L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Thuja occidentalis L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Thuja orientalis L. - alien; neo; nat; del

Thuja plicata Donn ex D. Don - alien; neo; cas; del

Thymelaea passerina (L.) Coss. et Germ. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Thymus vulgaris L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Tofieldia calyculata (L.) Wahlenb. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; unk

Tordylium maximum L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link - alien; ar; nat; acc

Tradescantia virginiana L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Tragopogon porrifolius L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Tragus racemosus (L.) All. - alien; neo; inv; acc

Tribulus terrestris L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Trifolium alexandrinum L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Trifolium incarnatum L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Trifolium pallidum Waldst. et Kit. - alien; neo/ar?; cas; acc

Trigonella caerulea (L.) Ser. - alien; neo; cas; del

Trigonella foenum-graecum L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Tripleurospermum inodorum (L.) Schultz-Bip. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Tripleurospermum tenuifolium (Kit.) Freyn - alien; ar; nat; acc

Triticum aestivum L. - alien; ar; cas; del

Triticum monococcum L. - alien; ar; cas; del

Triticum turgidum L. - alien; ar; cas; del

Tulipa gesneriana L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Tulipa sylvestris L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Turgenia latifolia (L.) Hoffm. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Typha laxmannii Lepech. - alien; neo; nat; both

Ulmus pumila L. - alien; neo; inv; del

Urtica wrens L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Utricularia gibba L. - alien; neo; nat; both

Vaccaria hispanica (Mill.) Rauschert - alien; ar; nat; acc

Valerianella carinata Loisel. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Valerianella dentata (L.) Pollich - alien; arc; nat; acc

Valerianella locusta (L.) Laterr. - alien; arc; nat; acc

Valerianella rimosa Bastard - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Vallisneria gigantea Graebn. - alien; neo; tra; del

Vallisneria spiralis L. - alien; neo; nat; del

Verbascum speciosum Schrad. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Verbena officinalis L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Veronica agrestis L. - alien; ar; cas; acc

Veronica arvensis L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Veronica filiformis Sm. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Veronica hederifolia agg. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Veronica opaca Fr. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Veronica peregrina L. - alien; neo; nat; del

Veronica persica Poir. - alien; neo; nat; acc

Veronica polita Fr. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Veronica triphyllos L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Viburnum rhytidophyllum Hemsl. - alien; neo; cas; del

Vicia angustifolia L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Vicia articulata Hornem. - alien; neo; cas; del

Vicia cracca L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Vicia ervilia (L.) Willd. - alien; ar; cas; del

Vicia faba L. - alien; ar; cas; del

Vicia grandiflora Scop. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Vicia hirsuta (L.) S. F. Gray - alien; ar; nat; acc

Vicia lutea L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Vicia narbonensis L. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Vicia pannonica Crantz - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Vicia peregrina L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Vicia sativa L. - alien; ar; nat; del

Vicia tenuifolia Roth - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Vicia tenuissima (M. Bieb.) Schinz et Thell. - alien; neo; cas; acc

Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Vicia villosa Roth - alien; ar; nat; both

Vinca major L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Viola arvensis agg. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Viola odorata L. - alien; ar; nat; acc

Viola sororia Willd. - alien; neo; inv; del

Vitis labrusca L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Vitis rupestris Scheele - alien; neo; cas; del

Vitis vinifera L. - alien; ar; nat; del

Vitis vulpina L. - alien; neo; inv; del

Vulpia myuros (L.) C. C. Gmel. - cryp; ar/ntv?; nat; acc

Weigela florida (Bunge) DC. - alien; neo; cas; del

Wisteria sinensis (Sims) Sweet - alien; neo; cas; del

Wolffia arrhiza (L.) Horkel ex Wimm. - cryp; ar/ ntv?; nat; acc

Xanthium albinum (Widder) H. Scholz subsp.

riparium (Celak) Widder et Wagenitz - alien; neo; inv; acc

Xanthium italicum agg. - alien; neo; inv; acc

Xanthium saccharatum Wallr. - alien; neo; inv; acc

Xanthium spinosum L. - alien; neo; inv; acc

Xanthium strumarium L. - alien; ar; inv; acc

Yucca filamentosa L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Zea mays L. - alien; neo; cas; del

Zinnia elegans L. - alien; neo; cas; de

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  • Schratt-Ehrendorfer, L., Niklfeld, H., Schröck, C., Stöhr, O., Gilli, C., Sonnleitner, M., Adler, W., Barta, T., Beiser, A., Berg, C., Bohner, A., Franz, W., Gottschlich G., Griebl, N., Haug, G., Heber, G., Hehenberger, R., Hofbauer, M., Hohla, M., Hörandl, E., Kaiser, R., Karrer, G., Keusch, C., Király, G., Kleesadl, G., Kniely, G., Köckinger, H., Kropf, M., Kudrnovsky, H., Lefnaer, S., Mrkvicka, A., Nadler, K., Novak, N., Nowotny, G., Pachschwöll, C., Pagitz, K., Pall, K., Pflugbeil, G., Pilsl, P., Raabe, U., Sauberer, N., Schau, H., Schönswetter, P., Starlinger, F., Strauch, M., Thalinger, M., Trávníček, B., Trummer-Fink, E.I. Uhlemann Weiss, S., Wieser, B., Willner, W., Wittmann, H., Wolkerstorfer, C., Zernig, K. and Zuna-Kratky, T. (2022): Red list of ferns and flower-ing plants of Austria.–Stapfia 114: 9357. https://www.zobodat.at/publikation_volumes.php?id=69999

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  • Shevera, M. V., Protopopova, V. V., Tomenchuk, D. Е., Andrik, E. J. and Kish, R. Y. (2017): The first official regional list of invasive species of Transcarpathia in Ukraine.–Visn. Nac. Acad. Nauk Ukr. 10: 5361. [in Ukrainian]

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  • Sonkoly, J., Tóth, E., Balogh, N., Balogh, L., Bartha, D., Bata, K., Botta-Dukát, Z., Bölö-ni, J., Csecserits, A., Csiky, J., Csontos, P., Dancza, I., Deák, B., E-Vojtkó, A., Gyulai, F., Horváth, F., Höhn, M., Jakab, G., Kelemen, A., Király, G., Kis, Sz., Kova-csics-Vári, G., Kun, A., Lehoczky, É., Lengyel, A., Lhotsky, B., Löki, V., Lukács, B. A., Matus, G., McIntosh-Buday, A., Mesterházy, A., Molnár V.A., Molnár, Zs., Papp, L., Pósa, P., Rédei, T., Schmidt, D., Szmorad, F., Takács, A., Tiborcz, V., Tóth, K., Tóthmérész, B., Valkó, O., Virók, V., Wirth, T. and Török, P. (2022): PADAPTthe Pannonian Database of Plant Traits, preprint [accessed 20-03-2023]

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  • Soó, R. (1964-1980): Synopsis systematico-geobotanica florae vegetacionisque Hungariae I–VI. – Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, 589, 655, 506+51, 614, 724, 557 pp. [in Hungarian]

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  • Sukopp, H. (2006): Apophytes in the flora of Central Europe.–Polish Bot. Stud. 22: 473485. https://www.cabdirect.org/cabdirect/abstract/20083013267

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  • Šilc, U., Vrbničanin, S., Božić, D., Čarni, A. and Dajić Stevanović, Z. (2012): Alien plant species and factors of invasiveness of anthropogenic vegetation in the North-western Balkans–a phytosociological approach.–Central Eur. J. Biol. 7: 720730.

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  • Terpó, A., Zając, M. and Zając, A. (1999): Provisional list of Hungarian archeophytes.–Thaiszia J. Bot. 9: 4147. https://www.upjs.sk/public/media/5738/thaiszia-9-041-047-1999-terpo.pdf

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  • Udvardy, L. (1998): Classification of adventives dangerous to the Hungarian natural flora.–Acta Bot. Hung. 41(3): 315331. http://real-j.mtak.hu/3643/1/ActaBotanica_41.pdf

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  • Urziceanu, M., Camen-Comenascu, P., Nagoda, E., Sirbu, I. M., Memedemin, D. and Ana-stasiu, P. (2022): Distribution and pathways of introduction of invasive alien plant species in Romania.–NeoBiota 75: 1-21.

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  • Wirth, T., Fazekas, I., Schmidt, Cs. and Csiky, J. (2020a): Spreading to North: naturalization of Ficus carica (Moraceae) in Hungary.–Acta Bot. Hung. 62(1–2): 187201.

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  • Wirth, T., Kovács, D. and Csiky, J. (2020b): Contributions to the escaped, naturalised and potentially invasive species of the Hungarian adventive flora.–Kitaibelia 25(2): 111156. [in Hungarian]

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  • Wąsowicz, P. (2018): The first attempt to list the archaeophytes of Iceland.–Acta Soc. Bot. Poloniae 87: 3608.

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The author instruction is available in PDF.
Please, download the file from HERE.

 

 

 

Senior editors

Managing Editors

Editorial Board

  • Gy. BORBÉLY (Debrecen)
  • A. ČARNY (Ljubljana)
  • A. CSERGŐ (Dublin)
  • B. CZÚCZ (Paris)
  • M. HÖHN (Budapest)
  • K. T. KISS (Budapest)
  • A. KUZEMKO (Uman)
  • Z. LOSOSOVÁ (Brno)
  • I. MÁTHÉ (Szeged)
  • E. MIHALIK (Szeged)
  • S. ORBÁN (Eger)
  • R. PÁL (Butte)
  • Gy. PINKE (Mosonmagyaróvár)
  • T. PÓCS (Eger)
  • K. PRACH (České Budejovice)
  • E. S. RAUSCHERT (Cleveland)
  • E. RUPRECHT (Cluj Napoca)
  • G. SRAMKÓ (Debrecen)
  • A. T. SZABÓ (Veszprém)
  • É. SZŐKE (Budapest)
  • B. TOKARSKA-GUZIK (Katowice)
  • B. TÓTHMÉRÉSZ (Debrecen)
  • P. TÖRÖK (Debrecen)

Botta-Dukát, Zoltán
E-mail: botta-dukat.zoltan@okologia.mta.hu

or

Lőkös, László
E-mail: acta@bot.nhmus.hu
Institute: Botanical Department, Hungarian Natural History Museum
Address: Könyves K. krt. 40. H-1097 Budapest, Hungary

  • Scopus
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  • Referativnyi Zhurnal

 

2022  
Web of Science  
Total Cites
WoS
not indexed
Journal Impact Factor not indexed
Rank by Impact Factor

not indexed

Impact Factor
without
Journal Self Cites
not indexed
5 Year
Impact Factor
not indexed
Journal Citation Indicator not indexed
Rank by Journal Citation Indicator

not indexed

Scimago  
Scimago
H-index
24
Scimago
Journal Rank
0.512
Scimago Quartile Score

Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics (Q2)
Plant Science (Q2)

Scopus  
Scopus
Cite Score
2.4
Scopus
CIte Score Rank
Plant Science 228/487 (53rd PCTL)
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics 350/687 (49th PCTL)
Scopus
SNIP
0.854

2021  
Web of Science  
Total Cites
WoS
not indexed
Journal Impact Factor not indexed
Rank by Impact Factor

not indexed

Impact Factor
without
Journal Self Cites
not indexed
5 Year
Impact Factor
not indexed
Journal Citation Indicator not indexed
Rank by Journal Citation Indicator

not indexed

Scimago  
Scimago
H-index
23
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,392
Scimago Quartile Score Plant Science (Q2)
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics (Q3)
Scopus  
Scopus
Cite Score
2,5
Scopus
CIte Score Rank
Plant Science 205/482 (Q2)
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics 322/687 (Q2)
Scopus
SNIP
1,046

2020  
Scimago
H-index
19
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,417
Scimago
Quartile Score
Plant Science Q2
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics Q3
Scopus
Cite Score
155/89=1,7
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
Plant Science 221/445 (Q2)
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics 374/647 (Q3)
Scopus
SNIP
0,838
Scopus
Cites
260
Scopus
Documents
22
Days from submission to acceptance 127
Days from acceptance to publication 132
Acceptance
Rate
36%

 

2019  
Scimago
H-index
17
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,404
Scimago
Quartile Score
Plant Science Q2
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics Q3
Scopus
Cite Score
164/91=1,8
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
Plant Science 209/431 (Q2)
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics 358/629 (Q3)
Scopus
SNIP
0,699
Scopus
Cites
215
Scopus
Documents
23
Acceptance
Rate
30%

 

Acta Botanica Hungarica
Publication Model Hybrid
Submission Fee none
Article Processing Charge 900EUR/article
Printed Color Illustrations 40 EUR (or 10 000 HUF) + VAT / piece
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Further Discounts Editorial Board / Advisory Board members: 50%
Corresponding authors, affiliated to an EISZ member institution subscribing to the journal package of Akadémiai Kiadó: 100%
Subscription fee 2023 Online subsscription: 612 EUR / 740 USD
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Acta Botanica Hungarica
Language English
French
German
Russian
Spanish
Size B5
Year of
Foundation
1954
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
4
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia
Founder's
Address
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0236-6495 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2578 (Online)

 

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