View More View Less
  • 1 CAR HAS, Budapest, P. O. Box. 102, H-1525, Hungary
  • 2 ARS, 5230 Konnowac Pass Rd., Wapato, WA98951 USA Retired
  • 3 Institute of Plant Protection, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, P. O. Box 400, H-4002, Hungary

The addition of synthetic eugenol and benzyl acetate to the known floral chemical and moth attractant phenylacetaldehyde synergized attraction of the silver Y moth Autographa gamma, an important noctuid pest. Traps baited with the ternary blend caught 2 to 6 times more A. gamma moths than traps baited with phenylac-etaldehyde alone. Both female and male moths were attracted, supposedly in the natural sex ratio of the local population. More A. gamma were caught when the blend was formulated in dispenser types with higher release rates. Traps baited with the ternary lure in polyethylene bag dispensers caught 20% to 34% as many moths as were caught in traps baited with synthetic sex pheromone, suggesting that this improved bisexual lure could be efficient enough to yield a new tool for detection and monitoring of female and male A. gamma, for more reliable plant protection decisions.

The same ternary lure also improved trap catches of moths over phenylacetaldehyde alone for the plusiinae pests MacDunnoughia confusa (in Europe) and Autographa californica (in North America) and for the Noctuinae cutworm Xestia c-nigrum (in North America).

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • 1

    Balachowsky, A. S. (ed.) (1972): Entomologie appliquée à l`agriculture. Vol. II. Masson et Cie, Éditeurs, Paris, 1634 p.

  • 2

    Burgio, G. and Maini, S. (1994): Phenylacetaldehyde trapping of Ostrinia nubilalis (Hb.), Autographa gamma (L-) and hoverflies: trap design efficacy. Boll. Ist. Ent. “G. Grandi” Univ. Bologna, 49, 1–14.

  • 3

    Cantelo, W. W. and Jacobson, M. (1979): Phenylacetaldehyde attracts moths to bladder flower and to blacklight traps. Environ. Entomol. 8, 444–447.

  • 4

    Creighton, C. S., McFadden, T. L. and Cuthbert, E. R. (1973): Supplementary data on phenylacetaldehyde: An attractant for Lepidoptera. J. Econ. Entomol. 66, 114–116.

  • 5

    Dunkelblum, E. and Gothilf, S. (1983): Sex pheromone components of the gamma moth, Autographa gamma (L.) (Lepidoptera:Noctuidae). Z. Naturforsch. 38c, 1011–1014.

  • 6

    Gregg, P. C., Del Socorro, A. P. and Landolt, P. J. (2018): Advances in attract-and-kill: Beyond pheromones. Annual Rev. of Entomol. 63, 453–470.

  • 7

    Heath, R. R., Landolt, P. J., Dueben, B. and Lenczewski, B. (1992): Identification of floral compounds of night blooming jessamine attractive to cabbage looper moths. Environ. Entomol. 21, 854–859.

  • 8

    Knight, A. L. and Light, D. M. (2004): Use of ethyl and propyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoate in codling moth management: Improving monitoring in Bartlett pear with high dose lures. J. Ent. Soc. British Columbia 101, 45–52.

  • 9

    Knight, A. L. and Light, D. M. (2005): Timing of egg hatch by early-season codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) predicted by moth catch in pear ester- and codlemone-baited traps. Can. Ent. 137, 728–738.

  • 10

    Landolt, P. J. (1997): Sex attractant and aggregation pheromones of male phytophagous insects. American Entomologist 43, 12–22.

  • 11

    Landolt, P. J., Adams, T., Reed, H. C. and Zack. R. S. (2001): Trapping alfalfa looper adults, Autographa cali-fornica (Speyer) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) with single and double component floral chemical lures. En-viron. Entomol. 30, 667–672.

  • 12

    Landolt, P. J., Adams, T. and Zack, R. S. (2006): Field response of alfalfa looper and cabbage looper moths (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae, Plusiinae) to single and binary blends of floral odorants. Environ. Entomol. 35, 276–281.

  • 13

    Landolt, P. J., Tóth, M., Meagher, R. L. and Szarukán, I. (2013): Interaction of acetic acid and phenylacetal-dehyde as attractants for trapping pest species of moths (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Pest Manag. Sci. 69, 245–249.

  • 14

    Meagher, R. L. (2001): Collection of soybean looper and other noctuids in phenylacetaldehyde-baited traps. Fla. Entomol. 84, 154–155.

  • 15

    Molleman, F., Drukker, B. and Blommers, L. (1997): A trap for monitoring pear psylla predators using dispensers with the synomone methylsalicylate. Proc. Exper. and Appl. Entomol. N. E. V. Amsterdam, 8, 177–182.

  • 16

    Muralimohan, K. and Srinivasa, Y. B. (2008): Occurrence of protandry in an aseasonal multivoltine moth: Implications for body-size evolution. Current Science 94, 513–518.

  • 17

    Plepys, D., Ibarra, F. and Löfstedt, C. (2002a): Volatiles from flowers of Platanthera bifolia (Orchidaceaea) attractive to the silver Y moth, Autographa gamma (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Oikos 99, 69–74.

  • 18

    Plepys, D., Ibarra, F., Francke, W. and Löfstedt, C. (2002b): Odour-mediated nectar foraging in the silver Y moth, Autographa gamma (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): behavioural and electrophysiological responses to floral volatiles. Oikos 99, 75–82.

  • 19

    Roelofs, W. L. and Cardé, R. T. (1977): Responses of Lepidoptera to synthetic sex pheromone chemicals and their analogues. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 22, 377–405.

  • 20

    Subchev, M., Toshova, T., Tóth, M., Voigt, E., Mikulás, J. and Francke, W. (2004): Catches of vine bud moth Theresimima ampellophaga (Lep., Zygaenidae: Procridinae) males in pheromone traps: Effect of the purity and age of baits, design, colour and height of the traps, and daily sexual activity of males. Z. angew. Ent. 128, 44–50.

  • 21

    Tóth, M., Szőcs, G., Majoros, B., Bellas, T. E. and Novák, L. (1983): Experiments with a 2-component sex attractant of the silver Y moth (Autographa gamma L.) and some evidence for the presence of both components in natural female sex pheromone. J. Chem. Ecol. 9, 1317–1325.

  • 22

    Tóth, M., Imrei, Z. and Szőcs, G. (2000): Non-sticky, non-saturable, high capacity new pheromone traps for Diabrotica virgifera virgifera (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) and Helicoverpa (Heliothis) armigera (Lepi-doptera: Noctuidae). Integr. Term. Kert. Szántóf. Kult. 21, 44–49. (in Hung.)

  • 23

    Tóth, M., Szarukán, I., Dorogi, B., Gulyás, A., Nagy, P. and Rozgonyi, Z. (2010): Male and female noctuid moths attracted to synthetic lures in Europe. J. Chem. Ecol. 36, 592–598.

  • 24

    Wall, C. (1989): Evaluation and use of behaviour-modifying chemicals. In: A. R. Jutsum and R. F. S. Gordon (eds). Insect Pheromones in Plant Protection. Wiley, Chicester, pp. 39–60.

  • 25

    Witzgall, P., Kirsch, P. and Cork, A. (2010): Sex pheromones and their impact on pest management. J. Chem. Ecol. 36, 80–100.

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
Sep 2020 0 9 2
Oct 2020 0 18 10
Nov 2020 0 22 1
Dec 2020 0 32 3
Jan 2021 0 11 6
Feb 2021 0 12 7
Mar 2021 0 0 0