View More View Less
  • 1 Plant Protection Institute, SZIE MKK, H-2100 Gödöllő, Páter Károly u. 1., Hungary
  • 2 FKF Nonprofit Zrt., H-1081 Budapest, Alföldi u. 7., Hungary
  • 3 Certis Europe, Budapest
  • 4 Certis Europe Services, Marguerittes, France
  • 5 Certis Europe B.V., Maarssen, The Netherlands
Open access

The effectiveness of dimethyl disulfide (DMDS) to control root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) and weeds was tested for the first time in Hungary in two consecutive protected cucumber crops with application made only before the first crop. The treatments were Accolade EC (DMDS 94.1%) at 400 l/ha applied by driplines, Nemathorin 10 G (fosthiazate) at 30 kg/ha, and an untreated control. During the first cucumber cycle vigour-index, yield, root-gall index, Meloidogyne juveniles in the soil and germination of weeds were evaluated. All considered parameters were significantly improved by using DMDS compared respectively to the chemical standard and untreated control: (i) vigour-index of 7.0, 4.3 and 3.6; (ii) cumulative yield/sample of 45.1 kg, 30.9 kg, and 16.6 kg; root-gall index (RGI) of 1.2, 4.9, and 5.9; (iii) M. incognita J2/25 g soil of 0.25, 48.5 and 78.0, and (iv) number of weed seedlings/sample in the 20–30 cm soil profile of 1.1, 2.6, and 4.2. During the second cucumber crop, only root-gall index was evaluated. Results showed that a single DMDS treatment applied before the first crop had a prolonged beneficial effect on the following crop. In the second crop cycle, root gall indices were 5.58, 9.18, and 8.44 for DMDS treated plots, chemical control and untreated control, respectively.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Andrássy, I. (1958): Szabadon élő fonálférgek (Nematoda libera) [Free-living nematodes]. Fauna Hungariae, Academic Press, Budapest, Hungary, 362 p.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Andrássy, I. and Farkas, K. (1988): Kertészeti növények fonálféreg kártevői [Plant parasitic nematodes of horticultural crops]. Mezőgazdasági Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary, 419 p.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Arnault, I., Vey, F., Fleurance, C., Nabil, H. and Auger, J. (2008): Soil fumigation with Allium sulfur volatiles and Allium by-products. 16th International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) Organic World Congress, Modena, Italy, June 16–20, 2008.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Basile, M., D'Addabbo, T., Sasanelli, N. and Basile A. C. (2003): Fumiganti e nematicidi sistemici in vivaio [Systemic fumigants and nematicides in the nursery]. Italus Hortus, 10, 294296.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Charles, P. and Heller, J. J. (2010): Efficacy of DMDS as a soil treatment against Meloidogyne chitwoodi in The Netherlands. Acta Hortic. 883, 195198. doi: 10.17660/Actahortic.2010.883.23

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Chindo, P. S., Khan, F. A. and Erinle, I. D. (1991): Reaction of three tomato cultivars to vascular diseases in presence of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita race 1. Crop Prot. 10, 6264. doi: 10.1016/0261-2194(91)90028-P

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Chitwood, B. G. (1949): Root-knot nematodes – Part I. A revision of the genus, Meloidogyne Goeldi 1887. Proc. Helminthol. Soc. Wash. 16, 90104.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Curto, G., Dongiovanni, C., Sasanelli, N., Santori, A. and Myrta, A. (2014): Efficacy of Dimethyl Disulfide (DMDS) in the control of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita and the cyst nematode Heterodera carotae on carrot in field condition in Italy. Acta Hort. 1044, 405410. https://doi.org/10.17660/actahortic.2014.1044.58

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Dabaj, K. H., Jenser, G. és Farkas, K. (1994): Distribution and host plant of root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne) in Hungary. Acta Zool. Acad. Sci. Hung. 40, 125131.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Desaeger, J. A. and Csinos, A. S. (2006): Root-knot nematode management in double-cropped plasticulture vegetables. J. Nematol. 38, 5967.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Fauna Europaea (2019): Available online: https://fauna-eu.org/ (accessed on 22 February 2019)

  • Gallo, M., Ciccarese, F. and Sasanelli, N. (2011): Control of Pyrenochaeta lycopersici and Meloidogyne incognita on tomato by eco-compatible treatments. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 914, 341344.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gautier, H. (2007): Study of the effects of an Allium-derivative compound, dimethyl disulfide, on insect neurons and on mice electroencephalographic activity. (Etude des effets d'un composé soufré liberé par les Allium, le disulfure de diméthyle, sur les neurones d'insecte et sur l'activité electroencephalographique de souris). Doctoral Thesis, Angers University, France

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gilardi, G., Gullino, M. L. and Garibaldi, A. (2017): Soil disinfestation with dimethyl disulfide for management of Fusarium wilt on lettuce in Italy. J. Plant Dis. Protect. 124, 361370. doi: 10.1007/s41348-017-0071-2

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gómez-Tenorio, M. A., Zanón, M. J., de Cara, M., Lupión, B. and Tello, J. C. (2015): Efficacy of dimethyl disulfide (DMDS) against Meloidogyne sp. and three formae speciales of Fusarium oxysporum under controlled conditions. Crop Prot. 78, 263269. doi: 10.1016/j.cropro.2015.09.013

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gómez-Tenorio, M. A., Tello, J. C., Zanón, M. J. and de Cara, M. (2018): Soil disinfestation with dimethyl disulfide (DMDS) to control Meloidogyne and Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. radicis-lycopersici in a tomato greenhouse. Crop Prot. 112, 133140. doi: 10.1016/j.cropro.2018.05.023

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Greco, N. and Di Vito, M. (2009): Population dynamics and damage levels. In: R. N. Perry, M. Moens and J. L. Starr (eds): Root-Knot Nematodes. CAB International, Wallingford, UK, pp. 246274. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Greco, N., López Aranda, J. M., Saporiti, M., Maccarini, C., de Tommaso, N. and Myrta, A. (2018): Sustainability of European vegetable and strawberry production in relation to fumigation practices in EU. II. International Symposium on Carrot and Other Apiaceae. Krakov, Poland, 19–22 September 2018.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hammer, Ø., Harper, D. A. T. and Ryan, P. D. (2001): PAST: Paleontological statistics software package for education and data analysis. Palaeontol. Electronica 4, 19. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470750711

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hartman, K. M. and Sasser, C. C. (1985): Identification of Meloidogyne species on the basis of differential host test and perineal-pattern morphology. In: K. R. Barker, C. C. Carter and J. N. Sasser (eds): An Advanced Treatise on Meloidogyne. Vol. II: Methodology, North Carolina State University Graphics, Raleigh, North Carolina, 6978.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Leocata, S. (2020): La valutazione dell'indice galligeno sulla coltura precedente come metodo affidabile per il posizionamento di prove sperimentali sui nematodi delle serre in Sicilia. Atti Giornate Fitopatologiche. (in press).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Leocata, S., Pirruccio, G., Medico, E., Myrta, A. and Greco, N. (2014): Dimethyl disulfide (DMDS): A new soil fumigant to control root-knot nematodes, Meloidogyne spp., in protected crops in Sicily, Italy. Acta Hortic. 1044, 415420. doi: 10.17660/actahortic.2014.1044.57

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mao, L.-G., Wang, Q.-X., Yan, D.-D., Liu, P.-F., Shen, J., Fang, W.-S., Hu, X.-M., Li, Y., Ouyang, C.-B., Guo, M.-X. and Cao, A.-C. (2016): Application of the combination of 1,3-dichloropropene and dimethyl disulfide by soil injection or chemigation: effects against soilborne pests in cucumber in China. J. Integr. Agric. 15, 145152. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2095-3119(15)61065-6

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Marley, P. S. and Hillocks, R. J. (1996): Effect of root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) on fusarium wilt in pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan). Field Crop. Res. 46, 1520. doi: 10.1016/0378-4290(95)00083-6

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mándoki, Z. and Pénzes, B. (2012): Effects of using chemical-free root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita) control methods on the occurrence of blossom-end rot in pepper. J. Plant Prot. Res. 52, 337341. doi: 10.2478/v10045-012-0055-y

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Myrta, A., Santori, A., Zanon, M. J., Tsimboukis, N., de Vries, R. and de Tommaso, N. (2018): Effectiveness of dimethyl disulfide (DMDS) for management of root-knot nematode in protected tomatoes in Southern Europe. Acta Hortic. 1207, 123127. doi: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2018.1207.16

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Peacock, F. C. (1976): Nematodes and crop disease. Outlook Agric. 8, 328334. doi: 10.1177/003072707600800604

  • Pecchia, S., Franceschini, A., Santori, A., Vannacci, G. and Myrta, A. (2017): Efficacy of dimethyl disulfide (DMDS) for the control of chrysanthemum Verticillium wilt in Italy. Crop Prot. 93, 2832. doi: 10.1016/j.cropro.2016.11.019

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rosskopf, E. N., Church, G., Holzinger, J., Yandoc-Ables, C. and Noling, J. (2006): Efficacy of dimethyl disulfide (DMDS) for control of nematodes and fungal plant pathogens. Phytopathology 96, S100.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sasanelli, N., Ciccarese, F. and Papajová, I. (2008): Aphanocladium album by sub-irrigation in the control of Pyrenochaeta lycopersici and Meloidogyne incognita on tomato in a plastic-house. Helminthologia, 45, 137142. DOI: 10.2478/s11687-008-0027-y

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sasanelli, N., Dongiovanni, C., Santori, A. and Myrta, A. (2014): Control of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita by dimethyl disulfide (DMDS) applied in drip irrigation on melon and tomato in Apulia (Italy). Acta Hortic. 1044, 401404. doi:

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sasanelli, N., Toderas, I., Ciccarese, F., Erhan, D., Rusu, S., Bivol, A. and Iurcu-Straistaru, E. (2016): Biological limitators in the control of Meloidogyne incognita and Verticillium dahliae on eggplant. IXth International Conference of Zoologists “Sustainable use, protection of animal world and forest management in the context of climate change”, 12–13 October, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova, 160161. ISBN .

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sasanelli, N., Toderas, I., Ircu-Straistaru, E., Rusu, S., Migunova, V. and Konrat, A. (2018): Yield losses caused by plant parasitic nematodes graphical estimation. International Symposium “Functional Ecology of Animals”, Chisinau, 21 September 2018, 319329.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sasser, J. N. (1977): Worldwide dissemination and importance of the root-knot nematodes, Meloidogyne spp. J. Nematol. 9, 2629.

  • Sikora, R. A. and Fernandez, E. (2005): Nematode parasites of vegetables. In: M. Luc, R. A. Sikora and J. Bridge (eds): Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Subtropical and Tropical Agriculture. 2nd ed. CAB International, Wallingford, UK, pp. 319392.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Stevens, M. and Freeman, J. (2018): Efficacy of dimethyl disulfide and metam sodium combinations for the control of nutsedge species. Crop Prot. 110, 131134. doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2018.04.010

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sumner, D. R. and Johnson, A. W. (1973): Effect of root-knot nematodes on Fusarium wilt of watermelon. Phytopathology 63, 857861. doi: 10.1094/Phyto-63-857.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Szakálas, J., Kröel-Dulay, Gy., Kerekes, I., Seres, A., Ónodi, G. and Nagy, P. (2015): Extrém szárazság és a növényzeti borítottság hatása szabadon élő fonálféreg együttesek denzitására. [Effects of extreme drought manipulation on free-living nematode densities]. Természetvédelmi Közlemények 21, 293300.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wheeler, T. A., Siders, K. T., Anderson, M. G., Russell, S. A., Woodward, J. E. and Mullinix, B. G. Jr. (2014): Management of Meloidogyne incognita with chemicals and cultivars in cotton in a semi-arid environment. J. Nematol. 46, 101107.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Zanón, M. J., Guitierrez, L. A. and Myrta, A. (2014a): Spanish experiences with dimethyl disulfide (DMDS) in fruiting vegetables. Acta Hortic. 1044, 421426. doi: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2014.1044.58

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Zanón, M. J., Santori, A., Fargier, P., De Tommaso, N., De Vries, R. and Myrta, A. (2014b): Cleanstart: the program for sustainable soil pest management from Certis Europe. Acta Hort. 1044: 395400 https://doi.org/10.17660/actahortic.2014.1044.53. CrossRef

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Zeck, W. M. (1971): A rating scheme for field evaluation of root-knot infestations. Pflanzenschutz-Nachr. Bayer AG 24, 141144.

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
Jun 2020 0 61 23
Jul 2020 0 26 26
Aug 2020 0 27 40
Sep 2020 0 13 17
Oct 2020 0 22 24
Nov 2020 0 15 23
Dec 2020 0 0 0