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Éva Szita Plant Protection Institute, Centre for Agricultural Research, ELKH, Budapest, Hungary

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Maria Amparo Blay Goicoechea Entomology Collection, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (MNCN-CSIC), Madrid, Spain

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Mercedes París Entomology Collection, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (MNCN-CSIC), Madrid, Spain

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Mehmet Bora Kaydan Çukorova University, Imamoğlu Vocational School, Imamoğlu, Adana, Turkey

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Abstract

New data are provided on the distribution of scale insect species based on the soil sample collection of Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid, Spain. Six species proved to be new to the scale insect fauna of Spain: 1 species of Ortheziidae (Ortheziola vejdovskyi Sulc), 3 species of Pseudococcidae (Fonscolombia graminis Lichtenstein, Peliococcus mathisi (Balachowsky), Rhodania porifera Goux) and 2 species of Rhizoecidae (Rhizoecus arabicus Hambleton, Ripersiella lelloi (Mazzeo)).

Abstract

New data are provided on the distribution of scale insect species based on the soil sample collection of Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid, Spain. Six species proved to be new to the scale insect fauna of Spain: 1 species of Ortheziidae (Ortheziola vejdovskyi Sulc), 3 species of Pseudococcidae (Fonscolombia graminis Lichtenstein, Peliococcus mathisi (Balachowsky), Rhodania porifera Goux) and 2 species of Rhizoecidae (Rhizoecus arabicus Hambleton, Ripersiella lelloi (Mazzeo)).

Introduction

The scale insect checklist of Spain currently contains 229 species belonging to 18 families (García Morales et al., 2016). Spain has a long tradition in coccidology from the 19th century by Colvée (1881, 1882), but the most comprehensive base of our current knowledge on scale insects of Spain is related to Juan Gómez-Menor Ortega (1927, 1928, 1935, 1937, 1946, 1948, 1954, 1955, 1956a, b, c, 1957, 1958a, b, c, d, 1959, 1960, 1965, 1967, 1968). A few other authors' contribution were also important in the 20th century, as Silvestri (1924, 1934), Balachowsky (1931, 1935a, b), Martín Mateo (1983, 1985; Soria et al., 1998), Blay Goicoechea (1993), and more recently, Sánchez-García and Ben-Dov (Sánchez-García and Ben-Dov, 2010; Ben-Dov and Sánchez-García, 2015).

In this study we provide information on the distribution of a few ground living scale insect species based on material housed at the Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid, Spain.

Material and methods

The specimens recorded in this study were all collected from the residual soil and litter sample material from the collection of Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid, Spain (MNCN-CSIC). The soil and litter samples were collected from mainland Spain by different researchers, mainly in the 1960's and 1970's. Name of the collector were often missing from the collection data. The samples were stored in 70% ethanol.

Specimens were prepared for light microscopy using the slide-mounting method discussed by Kosztarab and Kozár (1988). Prepared slide mounted specimens were observed and identified using a phase-contrast light microscope (Olympus BX 41). The scale insects were identified using the following taxonomic keys: Acanthococcidae (Kozár et al., 2013); Ortheziidae (Kozár, 2004); Pseudococcidae (Kosztarab and Kozár, 1988; Williams, 2004; Danzig and Gavrilov-Zimin, 2014; Kaydan, 2015); and Rhizoecidae (Kozár and Konczné Benedicty, 2007).

The slides are deposited in the MNCN and in the Plant Protection Institute, Centre for Agricultural Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences (PPI), Budapest, Hungary.

Distribution data for each species have been provided, with new country records. However it should be taken into consideration, that these new country records are based on information available in the scale insect database ScaleNet (García Morales et al., 2016). Codes of MNCN and PPI are presented after the locality of specimens.

Results and discussion

Among the more than 500 soil samples, 44 contained scale insect specimens, but only 19 sample contained adult females, belonging to 10 species. From these, 1 species belongs to the family Acanthococcidae, 3 species belong to the family Ortheziidae, 4 belong to the family Pseudococcidae and 2 species belong to the family Rhizoecidae. Despite the low number of species found, 6 species proved to be new to the scale insect fauna of Spain.

The large proportion of new fauna elements based on our study can be explained by the fact, that previous authors mostly studied those scale insect families which are associated to the aerial parts of the plants. Our results highlight, that ground living families of scale insects are extremely understudied in Spain, and extended research on these groups may result in several new and interesting data.

List of recorded species:

Acanthococcidae

Rhizococcus thymalaeae (Newstead, 1897): 2♀♀ – Guadalajara province, Membrillera, litter with lavender and thyme at fishlake, 29-V-1986 (MNCN_Ent 332944/PPI 13213).

Ortheziidae

Arctorthezia cataphracta (Olafsen, 1772): 1♀ – Segovia province, Valsaín, dry oak and pine litter, 17-IX-1967 (MNCN_Ent 332953/PPI 13200).

Newsteadia floccosa (De Geer, 1778): 2 ♀♀ – Segovia province, Pedraza, stony soil under mountain route, 1-V-1975 (MNCN_Ent 332957/PPI 13206); 3 ♀♀ – Huesca province: Jaca, Sta. Isabel, soil and leaf litter below boxwood and holm oak, 21-IX-1969 (MNCN_Ent 332954/MNCN_Ent 332955/MNCN_Ent 332956/PPI 13202, 13202, 13203).

Ortheziola vejdovskyi Sulc, 1895: 1♀ – Huesca province, Jaca, herbaceous plant where pine begins to predominate replacing the oak, VII-1971 (MNCN_Ent 332967/PPI 13210); 1♀ – Segovia province, Valsaín, Pinus sylvestris ferns, grass with snow 29-II-1966, leg. L.R. Muguruza (MNCN_Ent 332962/PPI 13207). New to Spain.

Pseudococcidae

Fonscolombia graminis Lichtenstein, 1877: 1♀ – Salamanca province, Comarcal de Barregas, Farm “Cobadilla de Valmuza”, Carrascal de Barregas Town Hall, dry soil by holm oaks with various herbs (Trifolium, Poa, Plantago and moss), IX-1965, leg. F. Simón (MNCN_Ent 332968/PPI 13214). New to Spain.

Peliococcus mathisi (Balachowsky, 1953): 1♀ – Valencia province, El Perellonet, area next to the beach ca. 90 m of the sea shore next to small sand dunes, soil of moist sand with small bushes, 14-II-1987 (MNCN_Ent 332969/PPI 13215). New to Spain.

Phenacoccus madeirensis Green, 1923: 1♀ – Guadalajara province, Membrillera, litter with lavender and thyme at fishlake, 29-V-1986 (MNCN_Ent 332970/PPI 13216).

Rhodania porifera Goux, 1935: 1 ♀ – Salamanca province, Comarcal de Barregas, Farm “Cobadilla de Valmuza”, Carrascal de Barregas Town Hall, dry soil by holm oaks with various herbs (Trifolium, Poa, Plantago and moss), IX-1965, leg. F. Simón (MNCN_Ent 332978/PPI 13223). New to Spain.

Rhizoecidae

Rhizoecus arabicus Hambleton, 1976: 9 ♀♀ – Valencia province, El Perellonet, area next to the beach ca. 90 m of the sea shore next to small sand dunes, soil of moist sand with small bushes, 14-II-1987 (MNCN_Ent 332986 to MNCN_Ent 332991/PPI 13225). New to Spain.

Ripersiella lelloi (Mazzeo, 1995): 8 ♀♀ – Toledo province, Sta. Olalla, Higueruela farm, soil under oak decomposition layer, 4-II-1982 (MNCN_Ent 332993 to MNCN_Ent 332996/PPI 13226); 1♀ – unknown locality (MNCN_Ent 332992/PPI 13227). New to Spain.

Acknowledgements

Authors are grateful to Dr Géza Ripka (NEBIH, Budapest, Hungary) and to Dr Takumasa Kondo (Agrosavia, Plamira, Colombia) for their accurate review. The first author (ÉS) and this project were supported by the János Bolyai Research Scholarship of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and NKFIH (OTKA FK131550 and RRF-2.3.1-2022-000006).

References

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    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gómez-Menor Ortega, J. (1956a). Cochinillas que atacan a los frutales (Homoptera, Coccoidea: 1. Familia Diaspididae). Boletín de Patología Vegetal y Entomología Agrícola Madrid, 22: 1105.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
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    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
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    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gómez-Menor Ortega, J. (1957). Adiciones a los cóccidos de España (4a nota). Eos, 33: 3986.

  • Gómez-Menor Ortega, J. (1958a). Cochinillas que atacan a los frutales (Homoptera, Coccoidea: II. Familias Lecanidae y Margarodidae). Boletín de Patología Vegetal y Entomología Agrícola Madrid, 23: 43173.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gómez-Menor Ortega, J. (1958b). Distribución geográfica y ensayo de la ecológica de los cóccidos en España. Publicaciones del Instituto de Biologia Aplicada de Barcelona, 27: 515.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gómez-Menor Ortega, J. (1958c). Dos Lecaniidae (Coccoidea), nuevos para la fauna Española. Boletín de la Real Sociedad Española de Historia Natural Madrid (Sección Biológica), 56: 2134.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gómez-Menor Ortega, J. (1958d). Homopteros Sternorrhyncha de la Provincia de Granada. Boletín de la Real Sociedad Española de Historia Natural Madrid (Sección Biológica), 55: 403408.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gómez-Menor Ortega, J. (1959). Homopteros “Sternorrhyncha” que atacan a la encina, II Parte. Revista de Entomología de España, 17: 141201.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gómez-Menor Ortega, J. (1960). Adiciones a los “Cóccidos de España”. V. (Superfamilia Coccoidea). Eos, 36: 157204.

  • Gómez-Menor Ortega, J. (1965). Adiciones a los “Cóccidos de España”, (6a nota). Especies del genero Evallaspis con su distribución geográfica en la Peninsula a las Islas Baleares. Eos, 41: 87114.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
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  • Gómez-Menor Ortega, J. (1968). Adiciones a los “Coccidos de España” VII nota (Hem. Homoptera). Eos, 43: 541563.

  • Kaydan, B.M. (2015). A systematic study of Peliococcus borchsenius (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae), with descriptions of a new Palaearctic genus and four new species from Turkey. Zootaxa, 3920(2): 201248. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3920.2.1.

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    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
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    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
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    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sánchez-García, I. and Ben-Dov, Y. (2010). New records and data on scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) from southern Spain. Boletín de la Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa, 46: 319320.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Silvestri, F. (1924). Descripción de un nuevo género y tres especies nuevas de Ortheziinae (Hemipt., Coccidae), de España y de Costa Rica. Boletín de la Real Sociedad Española de Historia Natural Madrid (Sección Biológica), 24: 169176.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
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  • Balachowsky, A.S. (1931). Sur le comportement des Coccidae appartenant a la faune du Bassin Méditerranéen. Comptes Rendus de la Société de Biogeographie Paris, 8: 4852.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Balachowsky, A.S. (1935a). Les cochenilles de l'Espagne. Revue de Pathologie vegetale et d'Entomologie agricole de France, 22: 255269.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Balachowsky, A.S. (1935b). Sur une diaspine nouvelle du sud de l'Espagne. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France, 40: 233236.

  • Ben-Dov, Y. and Sánchez-García, I. (2015). New data on several species of scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) from Southern Spain. Boletín de la Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa, 56: 313317. http://www.sea-socios.com/Boletines/PDF/Boletin56/313-317BSEA56_Homoptera_scale.pdf.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Blay Goicoechea, M.A . (1993). La familia Diaspididae Targioni-Tozzetti, 1868, de España peninsular y Baleares (Insecta: Hemiptera: Coccoidea). Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, pp. 1736.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Colvée, P. (1881). Estudios sobre algunos insectos de la familia de los coccidos. Nicasio Rius Monfort Valencia, pp. 140.

  • Colvée, P. (1882). Nuevos estudios sobre algunos insectos de la familia de los coccidos .Valencia, pp. 116.

  • Danzig, E.M. and Gavrilov-Zimin, I.A. (2014). Palaearctic mealybugs (Homoptera: Coccinea: Pseudococcidae), Part 1: Subfamily Phenococcinae. Russian Academy of Sciences, Zoological Institute, St. Petersburg, pp. 1678.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • García Morales, M. , Denno, B.D. , Miller, D.R. , Miller, G.L. , Ben-Dov, Y. , and Hardy, N.B. (2016). ScaleNet: a literature-based model of scale insect biology and systematics. Database: https://doi.org/10.1093/database/bav118 (accessed: 15 May 2022).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gómez-Menor Ortega, J. (1927). Algunos cóccidos nuevos de España (Hem. Cocc.). Eos, 3: 288298.

  • Gómez-Menor Ortega, J. (1928). Estudios sobre cóccidos de España. Eos, 4: 339362.

  • Gómez-Menor Ortega, J. (1935). Notas entomológicas. Un cóccido nuevo de la República Dominicana. Revista de Agricultura y Comercio, 27: 21522153.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gómez-Menor Ortega, J. (1937). Cóccidos de España. Universidad de Madrid, Madrid, pp. 1432.

  • Gómez-Menor Ortega, J. (1946). Adiciones a los “Cóccidos de España” (1a nota). Eos, 22: 59106.

  • Gómez-Menor Ortega, J. (1948). Adiciones a los “Cóccidos de España” (2a nota). Eos, 24: 73121.

  • Gómez-Menor Ortega, J. (1954). Adiciones a los “Cóccidos de España” (3a nota). Eos, 30: 119148.

  • Gómez-Menor Ortega, J. (1955). Nueva forma de Coccus (Saissetia) olea. Boletín de Patología Vegetal y Entomología Agrícola Madrid, 21: 205208.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gómez-Menor Ortega, J. (1956a). Cochinillas que atacan a los frutales (Homoptera, Coccoidea: 1. Familia Diaspididae). Boletín de Patología Vegetal y Entomología Agrícola Madrid, 22: 1105.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gómez-Menor Ortega, J. (1956b). Datos sobre cóccidos de Espana. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Facolta Agraria in Portici, 33: 611620.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gómez-Menor Ortega, J. (1956c). Quelques nouveaux coccides d'espagne. In: Proceedings of the 14th International Congress of Zoology, Copenhagen, Denmark, pp. 482486.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gómez-Menor Ortega, J. (1957). Adiciones a los cóccidos de España (4a nota). Eos, 33: 3986.

  • Gómez-Menor Ortega, J. (1958a). Cochinillas que atacan a los frutales (Homoptera, Coccoidea: II. Familias Lecanidae y Margarodidae). Boletín de Patología Vegetal y Entomología Agrícola Madrid, 23: 43173.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gómez-Menor Ortega, J. (1958b). Distribución geográfica y ensayo de la ecológica de los cóccidos en España. Publicaciones del Instituto de Biologia Aplicada de Barcelona, 27: 515.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gómez-Menor Ortega, J. (1958c). Dos Lecaniidae (Coccoidea), nuevos para la fauna Española. Boletín de la Real Sociedad Española de Historia Natural Madrid (Sección Biológica), 56: 2134.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gómez-Menor Ortega, J. (1958d). Homopteros Sternorrhyncha de la Provincia de Granada. Boletín de la Real Sociedad Española de Historia Natural Madrid (Sección Biológica), 55: 403408.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gómez-Menor Ortega, J. (1959). Homopteros “Sternorrhyncha” que atacan a la encina, II Parte. Revista de Entomología de España, 17: 141201.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gómez-Menor Ortega, J. (1960). Adiciones a los “Cóccidos de España”. V. (Superfamilia Coccoidea). Eos, 36: 157204.

  • Gómez-Menor Ortega, J. (1965). Adiciones a los “Cóccidos de España”, (6a nota). Especies del genero Evallaspis con su distribución geográfica en la Peninsula a las Islas Baleares. Eos, 41: 87114.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gómez-Menor Ortega, J. (1967). Lista de Coccoidea de las Islas Canarias (adiciones) (Hemiptera, Homoptera). Eos, 43: 131134.

  • Gómez-Menor Ortega, J. (1968). Adiciones a los “Coccidos de España” VII nota (Hem. Homoptera). Eos, 43: 541563.

  • Kaydan, B.M. (2015). A systematic study of Peliococcus borchsenius (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae), with descriptions of a new Palaearctic genus and four new species from Turkey. Zootaxa, 3920(2): 201248. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3920.2.1.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kosztarab, M. and Kozár, F. (1988). Scale Insects of Central Europe. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, pp. 1456.

  • Kozár, F. (2004). Ortheziidae of the World. Plant Protection Institute, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, pp. 1525.

  • Kozár, F. and Konczné Benedicty, Zs. (2007). Rhizoecinae of the World. Plant Protection Institute, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, pp. 1617.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kozár, F. , Kaydan, B.M. , Konczné Benedicty, Zs. , and Szita, É. (2013). Acanthococcidae and related families of the Palaearctic Region .Plant Protection Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, pp. 1680.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Martín Mateo, M.P. (1983). Inventario preliminar de los cóccidos de España. I. Diaspididae. Graellsia, 39: 4771.

  • Martín Mateo, M.P. (1985). Inventario preliminar de los cóccidos de España. III. Pseudococcidae, Ortheziidae y Margarodidae. Graellsia, 41: 89104.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sánchez-García, I. and Ben-Dov, Y. (2010). New records and data on scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) from southern Spain. Boletín de la Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa, 46: 319320.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Silvestri, F. (1924). Descripción de un nuevo género y tres especies nuevas de Ortheziinae (Hemipt., Coccidae), de España y de Costa Rica. Boletín de la Real Sociedad Española de Historia Natural Madrid (Sección Biológica), 24: 169176.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Silvestri, F. (1934). Rassegna degli insetti dell'olivo del bacino del Mediterraneo. In: Atti XI Internazionale Congresso di Olivicoltura, Lisboa, pp. 324.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Soria, F.J. , Villagran, M. , Martín Mateo, M.P. , and Ocete, M.E. (1998). Sobre la distribución de Asterodiaspis ilicicola (Targioni-Tozzetti, 1888) (Homoptera, Asterolecaniidae) en encina. Boletín de Sanidad Vegetal, Plagas, 24(2): 307312.

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  • Williams, D.J. (2004). Mealybugs of Southern Asia. The Natural History Museum, Kuala Lumpur, Southdene SDN. BHD, pp. 1896.

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  • Ágnes TURÓCI Centre for Agricultural Research, Hungary

Section Editor

  • K SALÁNKI Centre for Agricultural Research, Hungary

Editorial Board

Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica
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H-1525 Budapest, Hungary
Phone: (36 1) 487 7534
Fax: (36 1) 487 7555
E-mail: acta@atk.hu

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2021  
Web of Science  
Total Cites
WoS
not indexed
Journal Impact Factor not indexed
Rank by Impact Factor

not indexed

Impact Factor
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Journal Self Cites
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5 Year
Impact Factor
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Journal Citation Indicator not indexed
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Scimago  
Scimago
H-index
21
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,29
Scimago Quartile Score Insect Science (Q3)
Plant Science (Q3)
Scopus  
Scopus
Cite Score
1,3
Scopus
CIte Score Rank
Insect Science 107/172 (Q3)
Plant Science 316/482 (Q3)
Scopus
SNIP
0,481

2020  
Scimago
H-index
20
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,185
Scimago
Quartile Score
Insect Science Q4
Plant Science Q4
Scopus
Cite Score
75/98=0,8
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
Insect Science 129/153 (Q4)
Plant Science 353/445 (Q4)
Scopus
SNIP
0,438
Scopus
Cites
313
Scopus
Documents
20
Days from submission to acceptance 64
Days from acceptance to publication 209
Acceptance
Rate
48%

 

2019  
Scimago
H-index
19
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,177
Scimago
Quartile Score
Insect Science Q4
Plant Science Q4
Scopus
Cite Score
66/103=0,6
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
Insect Science 125/142 (Q4)
Plant Science 344/431 (Q4)
Scopus
SNIP
0,240
Scopus
Cites
212
Scopus
Documents
24
Acceptance
Rate
35%

 

Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica
Publication Model Hybrid
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Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica
Language English
Size B5
Year of
Foundation
1966
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
2
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia  
Founder's
Address
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0238-1249 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2691 (Online)

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