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Dominika Bodnár Plant Protection Institute, Centre for Agricultural Research, Budapest, Hungary

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Orsolya Viczián Plant Protection Institute, Centre for Agricultural Research, Budapest, Hungary

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András Juhász Department of Integrated Plant Protection, Plant Protection Institute, Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Gödöllő, Hungary

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József Fodor Plant Protection Institute, Centre for Agricultural Research, Budapest, Hungary

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Péter G. Ott Plant Protection Institute, Centre for Agricultural Research, Budapest, Hungary

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Emese Mergenthaler Plant Protection Institute, Centre for Agricultural Research, Budapest, Hungary

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Abstract

Some jumping plant-lice species are economically important due to their capacity as vectors of phytopathogenic bacteria, for example phytoplasmas. Previous studies have identified 80 jumping plant-louse species from Hungary; however, little is known about their occurrence during winter. To extend our knowledge of overwintering sites of jumping plant-lice in Hungary, we sampled them from conifers in various regions of the country. One of our main objectives was to find Cacopsylla pruni (Scopoli, 1763), the vector of ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum' during winter.

The period of this study extended from 2014 to 2020 in the winter months. Insects were collected at 18 sampling sites from Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county to Somogy county, located at Alsótekeres, Balatonvilágos, Boldogkőváralja, Budakeszi, Fenyőfő, Gyöngyöspata, Kecskemét, Martonvásár, Mátra Mountain, Nagykovácsi, Nagyszakácsi, Páty, Piliscsaba, Somogytúr, Soroksár, Sóskút and Verpelét.

A total of 1,600 jumping plant-louse specimens belonging to 20 species and three families (Psyllidae, Aphalaridae and Triozidae) were collected and identified during the study. In the case of plum psyllid (C. pruni) four shelter sites were identified as new records for Hungary.

The most common species were Trioza remota, Cacopsylla melanoneura, Trioza urticae, Bactericera albiventris, C. pruni and Cacopsylla crataegi.

Abstract

Some jumping plant-lice species are economically important due to their capacity as vectors of phytopathogenic bacteria, for example phytoplasmas. Previous studies have identified 80 jumping plant-louse species from Hungary; however, little is known about their occurrence during winter. To extend our knowledge of overwintering sites of jumping plant-lice in Hungary, we sampled them from conifers in various regions of the country. One of our main objectives was to find Cacopsylla pruni (Scopoli, 1763), the vector of ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum' during winter.

The period of this study extended from 2014 to 2020 in the winter months. Insects were collected at 18 sampling sites from Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county to Somogy county, located at Alsótekeres, Balatonvilágos, Boldogkőváralja, Budakeszi, Fenyőfő, Gyöngyöspata, Kecskemét, Martonvásár, Mátra Mountain, Nagykovácsi, Nagyszakácsi, Páty, Piliscsaba, Somogytúr, Soroksár, Sóskút and Verpelét.

A total of 1,600 jumping plant-louse specimens belonging to 20 species and three families (Psyllidae, Aphalaridae and Triozidae) were collected and identified during the study. In the case of plum psyllid (C. pruni) four shelter sites were identified as new records for Hungary.

The most common species were Trioza remota, Cacopsylla melanoneura, Trioza urticae, Bactericera albiventris, C. pruni and Cacopsylla crataegi.

Introduction

Jumping plant-lice (Hemiptera, Psylloidea) are small plant sap sucking insects, feeding mainly on woody plants and leaves of herbaceous plants and shrubs. Adults of many jumping plant-louse species migrate from host plants to conifers as shelter plants for overwintering (Čermák and Lauterer, 2008; Hodkinson, 2009; Gallinger and Gross, 2018). After egg hatching larvae go through five instars to adults. Jumping plant-lice typically feed on a single host plant species (monophagous) or on a few related ones (oligophagous) (Ossiannilsson, 1992). Amongst these insects many species are multivoltine (mostly in tropical to warm temperate regions), while others exhibit univoltine or bivoltine life cycles (Brambila and Hodges, 2008).

Jumping plant-lice include about 4,000 described species so far (Burckhardt and Queiroz, 2020). Some species cause serious economic losses to crop plants (Hodkinson, 2009), either by phloem feeding and honeydew production or indirectly by transmission of phytopathogenic agents like phytoplasmas. For example, the 16SrX or apple proliferation group phytoplasmas are transmitted exclusively by jumping plant-lice from the genus Cacopsylla (Jarausch et al., 2019). These pathogens cause serious damage on several fruit trees in Europe and North America (Tedeschi et al., 2002; Frisinghelli et al., 2000; Carraro et al., 1998; Grbic, 1974; Mergenthaler et al., 2017).

To date, 80 species of Psylloidea have been reported from Hungary (Kontschán et al., 2020).

In most cases jumping plant-louse species were collected from their host plants (e. g. Ripka, 2010; Kontschán et al., 2021; Ripka et al., 2018; Ripka and Csóka, 2016; Ripka, 2012). Although Kontschán and Ripka (2019) collected jumping plant-lice also from their winter shelter plants, little is known about the overwintering sites of most jumping plant-louse species in Hungary. Therefore, the objective of this study was to survey coniferous trees during winter for evidence of jumping plant-lice. A better understanding of the Hungarian jumping plant-lice populations provides greater knowledge about their biology, distribution and abundance.

Material and methods

Jumping plant-lice were collected from conifers in winter months from 2014 to 2020 from 18 different localities in Hungary including the oldest pine stand in Hungary (Fenyőfő) (Fig. 1 and Table 1).

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Overwintering sites of jumping plant-lice in Hungary. Blue and orange spots indicate known and newly discovered localities, respectively

Citation: Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica 2022; 10.1556/038.2022.00156

Table 1.

Collecting localities, methods of collections and date of collections

Locality County GPS coordinates Altitude Method Date of collection
Alsótekeres Somogy N46.956295 E18.187529 167 m net 27/02/2017
Balatonvilágos Somogy N46.97982 E18.165774 144 m net 27/02/2017
Boldogkőváralja Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén 48°21′26″N 21°14′19″E 230 m net 10/03/2017
Budakeszi Pest N47.525943 E18.873417 290 m GLSM* 5/02/2020
Fenyőfő Győr-Moson-Sopron N47.354385 E17.762146 275 m net 19/01/2017
Gyöngyöspata Heves N47.839356 E19.727127 250 m GLSM* net 25/02/2020
Kecskemét Bács-Kiskun N46.938928 E19.569771 130 m net 5/02/2018
Martonvásár Fejér 47°19′14″N 18°46′53″E 120 m net January 2014 and February 2015
Mátra Mountain Heves and Nógrád N47.82830 E.19.96375, N47.89482 E.19.86206, N47.90099 E19.94519, N47.89583 E19.95316 365 m

770 m

650 m

580 m
GLSM* net 4/03/2019, 20/02/2020 and 25/02/2020
Nagykovácsi Pest N47.545278

E18.934167
310 m net 20/12/2015
Nagykovácsi- Júlia-major N47.54786 E18.93470 316 m net 20/12/2015
Nagyszakácsi Somogy N46.4897 E17.31956 136 m net 13/03/2020
Páty Pest N47.507691 E18.850542 265 m net January 2016
Piliscsaba Pest N47.617277 E18.891953 290 m net 29/02/2020
Somogytúr Somogy N46.724453 E17.797446 180 m net beginning of March, 2015
Soroksár Pest N47.40053 E19.15433 109 m net 19/01/2018
Sóskút Pest N47.439378 E18.849831 140 m net winter months in 2015, 2016, 2018 and 2019
Verpelét Heves N47.801022 E.20.196172 190 m net January 2018

*GLSM: garden leaf suction machine

One of our aims was to determine overwintering sites of Cacopsylla pruni (Scopoli, 1763) as no data are currently available for Hungary. Insect captures were carried out in various pure and mixed coniferous forests. Because there are very few coniferous forests in our country, insects were also collected from forestry nurseries, botanical gardens and individual conifer trees. A diverse range of habitats was sampled with different altitudes and vegetation types.

Insect samples were collected from the following conifer species: Norway spruce (Picea abies), Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris), Serbian spruce (Picea omorika), Nordmann fir (Abies nordmanniana), giant redwood (Sequoiadendron giganteum), Atlas cedar (Cedrus atlantica), common yew (Taxus baccata), Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), European black pine (Pinus nigra), blue spruce (Picea pungens), savin juniper (Juniperus sabina), and Leyland cypress (Cupressocyparis leylandii).

Insects were collected with an insect net attached to a five-meter telescopic handle or with a garden leaf suction machine equipped with a flexible suction pipe attached to a spliced bamboo rod that can be adjusted to the height of trees (up to 10 m in height). Collected material was preserved in 70% ethanol. Species identification was carried out under an Olympus SZ40 stereo-microscope according to Ossiannilsson (1992), and Hodkinson and White (1979), and their classification/nomenclature was performed according to Burckhardt et al. (2021).

Results

Described in Table 2, a total of 1,600 jumping plant-louse specimens belonging to 20 species and three families (Psyllidae, Aphalaridae and Triozidae) were collected and identified during the study.

Table 2.

Jumping plant-lice species collected at overwintering sites in Hungary during winter months from 2014 to 2020

Collection sites Plant species Jumping plant-lice species collected (number of specimens in brackets) Date of collection
Alsótekeres Serbian spruce A. avicularis (1), A. polygoni (5) 27/02/2017
Nordmann fir B. albiventris (2), C. melanoneura (1), T. remota (2)
savin juniper T. remota (4), T. urticae (1)
blue spruce B. albiventris (1), C. melanoneura (1), T. urticae (1), T. remota (7)
Balatonvilágos Norway spruce A. avicularis (1), B. albiventris (3), C. melanoneura (2), T. remota (22), T. urticae (6) 27/02/2017
Leyland cypress T. urticae (4), T. remota (5)
Scots pine A. polygoni (1), B. albiventris (1), C. melanoneura (1), T. remota (9)
Boldogkőváralja Scots pine A. avicularis (1), A. polygoni (3), T. remota (4) 10/03/2017
Budakeszi arborétum Norway spruce B. albiventris (3), C. pyricola (1), T. remota (16), T. urticae (1) 05/02/2020
Douglas-fir A. avicularis (1), A. calthae (1), A. polygoni (1), B. albiventris (2), C. melanoneura (5), C. pruni (2), T. remota (28), T. urticae (1)
giant redwood C. melanoneura (1)
Serbian spruce C. melanoneura (3), T. remota (7), B. albiventris (1)
Atlas cedar T. remota (1)
Leyland cypress T. urticae (1)
Scots pine A. avicularis (1), B. albiventris (2), C. melanoneura (7), T. remota (18)
Fenyőfő Scots pine B. albiventris (1), C. melanoneura (5), T. urticae (82) 19/01/2017
Gyöngyöspata Norway spruce B. albiventris (4), C. melanoneura (1), C. pruni (2), T. remota (12), T. rhamni (1), T. urticae (4) 25/02/2020
Kecskemét Scots pine B. albiventris (12), T. remota (31), T. urticae (2) 05/02/2018
Martonvásár Norway spruce T. remota (1) 02/2015
Scots pine T. remota (1) 01/2014
Mátra Mountain Norway spruce A. calthae (6), B. albiventris (8), B. curvatinervis (1), B, femoralis (1), C. crataegi (4), C. melanoneura (18), C. peregrina (4), C. pruni (12), C. pyrisuga (4), C. rhamnicola (2), T. apicalis (2), T. remota (104), T. rotundata (1), T. rhamni (2), T. urticae (10) 04/03/2019
A. avicularis (2), A. calthae (1), B. albiventris (12), C. crataegi (5), C. melanoneura (108), C. pruni (8), C. pyrisuga (1), T. remota (199), T. urticae (22) 20/02/2020
European black pine C. crataegi (2), C. melanoneura (24), C. pyricola (2), C. rhamnicola (2), T. remota (40) 04/03/2019
Scots pine B. albiventris (2), C. melanoneura (4), T. remota (141), T. urticae (5), 04/03/2019
A. avicularis (1), A. polygoni (1), B. albiventris (34), C. crataegi (2), C. melanoneura (6), T. neglecta (1), T. remota (34), T. urticae (2) 25/02/2020
Nagykovácsi Norway spruce T. remota (7) 20/12/2015
Nagykovácsi-Júlia-major Norway spruce A. polygoni (10), B. albiventris (1), C. crataegi (1), C. melanoneura (4), T. urticae (8), T. remota (87) 20/12/2015
common yew T. urticae (1)
Nagyszakácsi Norway spruce C. melanoneura (1), C. pruni (1) 13/03/2020
Páty Scots pine B. albiventris (8), C. crataegi (1), T. remota (17), T urticae (1) 01/2016
Piliscsaba Norway spruce B. albiventris (1), A. calthae (1) 29/02/2020
Somogytúr Norway spruce T. urticae (1) 03/2015
savin juniper C. melanoneura (1)
Scots pine A. polygoni (1), C. melanoneura (2), T. urticae (1), T. remota (44)
Soroksár European black pine A. polygoni (1), B. albiventris (1), C. melanoneura (2), T. urticae (3), T. remota (8) 19/01/2018
savin juniper T. remota (1)
Norway spruce A. polygoni (1), T. remota (1)
Sóskút Scots pine T. urticae (2) winter months 2016
A. polygoni (1), B. albiventris (1), C. melanoneura (3), T. remota (23), T. urticae (2) winter months 2018
C. melanoneura (1), T. remota (9), T. urticae (2) winter months 2019
Norway spruce B. albiventris (1), T. urticae (1), T. remota (4), winter months 2015
Verpelét Scots pine A. polygoni (2), B. albiventris (5), C. melanoneura (14), C. crataegi (2), C. saliceti (3), T. remota (88), T. urticae (2) 01/2018

The most common species were Trioza remota (972 specimens), Cacopsylla melanoneura (221), Trioza urticae (174), Bactericera albiventris (106), Cacopsylla pruni (25), and Cacopsylla crataegi (17).

Special attention was paid to the plum psyllid (C. pruni) that was found in Mátra Mountain, Gyöngyöspata, Nagyszakácsi and in the Budakeszi arboretum on Norway spruce and Douglas fir.

Thirteen of the collected jumping plant-louse species are known to feed on woody plants, while 7 species on herbaceous hosts. Some species feeding on woody host plants have a great importance as vectors of phytoplasmas: Cacopsylla pruni, Cacopsylla melanoneura (Foerster, 1848), Cacopsylla pyricola (Foerster, 1848), Cacopsylla pyrisuga (Foerster, 1848).

The following species were identified: Aphalara avicularis (Ossiannilson, 1981), Aphalara calthae (Linnaeus, 1761), Aphalara polygoni (Foerster, 1848), Bactericera albiventris (Foerster, 1848), Bactericera curvatinervis (Foerster, 1848), Bactericera femoralis (Foerster, 1848), Cacopsylla crataegi (Schrank, 1801), Cacopsylla melanoneura, Cacopsylla peregrina (Foerster, 1848), Cacopsylla pruni (Scopoli, 1763), Cacopsylla pyricola (Foerster, 1848), Cacopsylla pyrisuga, Cacopsylla rhamnicola (Scott, 1876), Cacopsylla saliceti (Foerster, 1848), Trioza apicalis (Foerster, 1848), Trioza neglecta (Loginova, 1978), Trioza remota (Foerster, 1848), Trioza rhamni (Schrank, 1801), Trioza rotundata (Flor, 1861) and Trioza urticae (Linnaeus, 1758).

The number of jumping plant-louse species collected from a certain shelter plant species are presented in Table 3.

Table 3.

Jumping plant-louse species found on overwintering/shelter plant species during winter months from 2014 to 2020

Overwintering/shelter plant species Number of collected jumping plant-louse species per plant species
Serbian spruce 5 (A. avicularis, A. polygoni, C. melanoneura, T. remota, B. albiventris)
Nordmann fir 3 (A. albiventris, C. melanoneura, T. remota)
savin juniper 3 (T. remota, T. urticae, C. melanoneura)
blue spruce 4 (B. albiventris, C. melanoneura, T. urticae, T. remota)
Norway spruce 18 (A. avicularis, B. albiventris, C. melanoneura, T. remota, T. urticae, C. pyricola, C. pruni, T. rhamni, A. polygoni, C. crataegi, A. calthae, B. curvatinervis, B. femoralis, C. peregrina, C. pyrisuga, C. rhamnicola, T. apicalis, T. rotundata,)
Leyland cypress 2 (T. urticae, T. remota)
Scots pine 9 (A. polygoni, B. albiventris, C. melanoneura, T. remota, A. avicularis, T. urticae, C. crataegi, T. neglecta, C. saliceti)
Douglas fir 7 (A. avicularis, A. calthae, A. polygoni, B. albiventris, C. melanoneura, T. remota, T. urticae)
giant redwood 1 (C. melanoneura)
Atlas cedar 1 (T. remota)
common yew 1 (T. urticae)
European black pine 8 (C. crataegi, C. melanoneura, C. pyricola, C. rhamnicola, T. remota, A. polygoni, B. albiventris, T. urticae)

Discussion

Jumping plant-lice collected on conifers in Hungary was dominated by Trioza and Cacopsylla species in agreement with literature data (Ripka et al., 2018 and references therein, Kontschán et al., 2020). Among the Cacopsylla species found, C. pyricola (Tedeschi and Alma, 2004), C. pyrisuga (Grbic, 1974), C. melanoneura (Tedeschi and Alma, 2004; Frisinghelli et al., 2000; Tedeschi et al., 2002) and C. pruni (Carraro et al., 1998; Mergenthaler et al., 2017) play a pivotal role in transmission of phytoplasmas associated with serious plant diseases.

In this study we recorded 20 out of the 80 jumping plant-louse species reported from Hungary. The new and the previously reported overwintering sites are shown in Fig. 1. One species, Trioza neglecta is known as a non-native species in Hungary (Lauterer and Janiček, 1990; Kontschán et al., 2020).

Although C. melanoneura was reported to overwinter at Kék in Hungary (Kontschán and Ripka, 2019), we found it at ten new localities.

Four overwintering sites of C. pruni, the vector of ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum' were identified: Mátra Mountain, Budakeszi arboretum, Gyöngyöspata and Nagyszakácsi.

We also found 14 new overwintering sites of T. urtice which was previously known only from Budapest, Martonvásár and Kék (Kontschán and Ripka, 2019).

Prior to this study there were no known overwintering sites in Hungary for the following 14 species: A. avicularis, A. calthae, A. polygoni, C. rhamnicola, C. saliceti, B. curvatinervis, B. albiventris, B. femoralis, T. neglecta, T. remota, T. rhamni, and T. rotundata. New overwintering sites (Mátra Mountain) and plant (Norway spruce) was found for C. peregrina, C. pyricola, C. pyrisuga and T. apicalis.

The overwintering sites of jumping plant-lice are relatively poorly studied in Hungary, and collection data provided in this work includes additional information about the overwintering sites of jumping plant-louse species in Hungary, which broadens our knowledge of the regional jumping plant-lice fauna.

Acknowledgements

Thanks for the participation of Emese Kiss Tibenszkyné, Szilvia Orosz (National Food Chain Safety Office, Food Chain Safety Laboratory Directorate, Plant Health Diagnostic National Reference Laboratory), Balázs Kiss and Gergely Tholt (Plant Protection Institute, Centre of Agricultural Research, Department of Zoology) for their participation in insect collections. Thanks to András Koltay (Forest Research Institute, University of Sopron) and Sándor Lukács (Budakeszi Arboretum) for their permit and technical support.

This project was supported in 2019 and 2020 by (NKFIH) K 128838.

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  • Ripka, G. , Csóka, Gy. , and Érsek, L. (2018). Recent data to the jumping plant-lice fauna of Hungary (Hemiptera: Psylloidea). Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica, 53(1): 116.

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  • Tedeschi, R. and Alma, A. (2004). Transmission of apple proliferation phytoplasma by Cacopsylla melanoneura (Homoptera:Psylloidea). Journal of Economic Entomology, 97(1): 813.

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  • Tedeschi, R. , Bosco, D. , and Alma, A. (2002). Population dynamics of Cacopsylla melanoneura (Homoptera: Psyllidae), a vector of apple proliferation phytoplasma in Northwestern Italy. Journal of Economic Entomology, 95(3): 544551.

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  • Brambila, J. and Hodges, G.S. (2008). Bugs (Hemiptera): Psylloidea (Jumping plant lice) encyclopedia of entomology, 2nd ed, Springer, pp. 591611.

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  • Burckhardt, D. and Queiroz, D.L. (2020). Neotropical jumping plant-lice (Hemiptera, Psylloidea) associated with plants of the tribe Detarieae (Leguminosae, Detarioideae). Zootaxa, 4733(1): 173.

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  • Burckhardt, D. , Ouvard, D. , and Precy, D.M. (2021). An updated classification of the jumping plant-lice (Hemiptera: Psylloidea) integrating molecular and morphological evidence. European Journal of Taxonomy, 736: 137182.

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  • Carraro, L. , Osler, R. , Loi, N. , Ermacora, P. , and Rafetti, E. (1998). Transmission of European stone fruit yellows phytoplasma by Cacopsylla pruni. Journal of Plant Pathology, 80: 233239.

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  • Čermák, V. and Lauterer, P. (2008). Overwintering of psyllids in South Moravia (Czech Republic) with respect to the vectors of the apple proliferation cluster phytoplasmas. Bulletin of Insectology, 61: 147148.

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  • Frisinghelli, C. , Delaiti, L. , Grando, M.S. , Forti, D. , and Vidimiane, M. (2000). Cacopsylla costalis (Flor, 1861), as a vector of apple proliferation in Trentino. Journal of Phytopathology, 148: 425431.

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  • Gallinger, J. and Gross, J. (2018). Unraveling the host plant alternation of Cacopsylla pruni – adults but not nymphs can survive on conifers due to phloem/xylem composition. Frontiers in Plant Science, 9(484): 112.

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  • Grbic, V. (1974). Some injurious species of the family Psyllidae in pear orchards. Zastita Bilja, 25: 121131.

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  • Hodkinson, I.D. and White, I.M. (1979). Homoptera (Psylloidea). In: Watson, A. (Ed.), Handbooks for the identification of British Insects, II(5a), Royal Entomological Society of London, London SW7 5HU, pp. 1108.

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  • Jarausch, B. , Tedeschi, R. , Sauvion, S. , Gross, J. , and Jarausch, W. (2019). Psyllid vectors. In: Bertaccini, A. , Weintraub, P.G. , Rao, G.P. , and Mori, N. (Eds.), Phytoplasmas: plant pathogenic bacteria – II. Transmission and management of phytoplasma – associated diseases. Springer Nature, Singapore, pp. 1258.

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  • Kontschán, J. , Kiss, E. , and Ripka, G. (2020). Új adatok levélbolhák (Insecta: Psylloidea) hazai előfordulásaihoz. [New data to occurrences of the Hungarian jumping plant lice (Insecta: Psylloidea)]. Növényvédelem, 81(5): 197202. (in Hungarian).

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  • Kontschán, J. and Ripka, G. (2019). Új adatok egyes levélbolhafajok (Insecta: Psylloidae) telelőhelyet biztosító növényeihez városi élőhelyeken. [New data on the overwintering plants of some jumping plant-lice species (Insecta:Psylloidea)]. Növényvédelem, 80(6): 261265. (in Hungarian).

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  • Kontschán J. , Ripka G. , and Kiss, B. (2021). Jumping plant lice (Hemiptera, Psylloidea) in rest stops of Hungarian highways. Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica, 56(1): 6979.

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  • Lauterer, P. and Janiček, R. (1990). Trioza neglecta Logina, Magyarország és Bulgária faunájára új levélbolha (Homoptera, Psylloidea). [Trioza neglecta Logina, a new species for the fauna of Hungary and Bulgaria (Homoptera, Psylloidea)]. Folia Entomologica Hungarica, 51: 163165.

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  • Mergenthaler, E. , Kiss, B. , Kiss, E. , and Viczián, O. (2017). Survey on the occurrence and infection status of Cacopsylla pruni, vector of European stone fruit yellows in Hungary. Bulletin of Insectology, 70(2): 171176.

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  • Ossiannilsson, F. (1992). The Psylloidea (Homoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica, Leiden, New York, Köln, Vol. 26, pp. 1347.

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  • Ripka, G. (2010). Levélbolhák. (Psylloids). Agroinform Kiadó, Budapest, pp. 1104.

  • Ripka, G. (2012). New psyllid records from Hungary (Hemiptera: Psylloidea). Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica, 47(1): 7578.

  • Ripka, G. and Csóka, Gy. (2016). New records of jumping plant-lice from Hungary (Hemiptera: Psylloidea). Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica, 51(2): 219227.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ripka, G. , Csóka, Gy. , and Érsek, L. (2018). Recent data to the jumping plant-lice fauna of Hungary (Hemiptera: Psylloidea). Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica, 53(1): 116.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Tedeschi, R. and Alma, A. (2004). Transmission of apple proliferation phytoplasma by Cacopsylla melanoneura (Homoptera:Psylloidea). Journal of Economic Entomology, 97(1): 813.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Tedeschi, R. , Bosco, D. , and Alma, A. (2002). Population dynamics of Cacopsylla melanoneura (Homoptera: Psyllidae), a vector of apple proliferation phytoplasma in Northwestern Italy. Journal of Economic Entomology, 95(3): 544551.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
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2021  
Web of Science  
Total Cites
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5 Year
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Scimago  
Scimago
H-index
21
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,29
Scimago Quartile Score Insect Science (Q3)
Plant Science (Q3)
Scopus  
Scopus
Cite Score
1,3
Scopus
CIte Score Rank
Insect Science 107/172 (Q3)
Plant Science 316/482 (Q3)
Scopus
SNIP
0,481

2020  
Scimago
H-index
20
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,185
Scimago
Quartile Score
Insect Science Q4
Plant Science Q4
Scopus
Cite Score
75/98=0,8
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
Insect Science 129/153 (Q4)
Plant Science 353/445 (Q4)
Scopus
SNIP
0,438
Scopus
Cites
313
Scopus
Documents
20
Days from submission to acceptance 64
Days from acceptance to publication 209
Acceptance
Rate
48%

 

2019  
Scimago
H-index
19
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,177
Scimago
Quartile Score
Insect Science Q4
Plant Science Q4
Scopus
Cite Score
66/103=0,6
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
Insect Science 125/142 (Q4)
Plant Science 344/431 (Q4)
Scopus
SNIP
0,240
Scopus
Cites
212
Scopus
Documents
24
Acceptance
Rate
35%

 

Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica
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Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica
Language English
Size B5
Year of
Foundation
1966
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
2
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia  
Founder's
Address
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0238-1249 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2691 (Online)

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