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Áttekintő tanulmányunk az alkoholhasználati zavart mutató személyek hozzátartozóinak pszichológiai problémáit vizsgálja meg. Az alkoholfüggők hozzátartozóinak pszichológiai tapasztalatait vizsgáló korai megközelítések szerint a szerhasználati problémákat mutató személyek közeli hozzátartozói vagy partnerei esetében feltárhatóak személyiség patológiák. Ezzel szemben, a stessz–feszültség–megküzdés–támogatás modell érvelése szerint a problémás italozást mutató egyénnel együtt élő szülők és partnerek valójában a család életében tapasztalható stressz elszenvedői és áldozatai. Az átélt stressz általában összefügg a családtag problémás italozási vagy drogfogyasztási viselkedésével, ami a család rendellenes működéséhez, a hozzátartozók körében megjelenő pszichés tünetekhez vezethet. A korábbi kutatási eredmények szerint az érintett személyek kellemetlennek ítélik meg a problémás szerhasználóval való együttélést, illetve az élet számos területén megterhelő eseményekkel kell szembesülniük. Az összefoglaló tanulmányban ismertetjük (1) az alkoholfüggő partnerrel való együttélésből származó problémákat bemutató, különböző elméleti megközelítéseket, (2) a hozzátartozók megküzdési stratégiáit a jóllétük vonatkozásában, illetve (3) azokat a bizonyítékokon alapuló pszichoterápiás megközelítéseket, melyek a család támogatása érdekében alkalmazhatóak, hogy sikeresebben küzdjenek meg a körülményekkel.

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  • Dégi, László Csaba,Babeş-Bolyai Tudományegyetem, Kolozsvár, Románia
  • Demetrovics, Zsolt, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest
  • Konkolÿ Thege, Barna - Waypoint Centre for Mental Health Care,
    Penetanguishene, Canada
  • Kósa, Karolina, University of Debrecen, Debrecen
  • Novák, Márta, University of Toronto, University Health Network, Toronto, Canada
  • Pikó, Bettina, University of Szeged, Szeged
  • Rácz, József, Semmelweis University, Budapest
  • Tiringer, István, University of Pécs, Pécs

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