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  • 1 University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary
  • 2 University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary
  • 3 University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary
  • 4 Kent State University, Kent, USA
  • 5 Washington University, St. Louis, USA
  • 6 Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
  • 7 Medical School, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary

Background

This study examines the Kerns’ Security Scale (KSS) that is a self-report questionnaire to assess school-age children’s certain family-related experiences, and is widely used in the United States and in certain European countries.

Objectives

The aim of the present investigation is to review the factor structure of the KSS in Hungarian population and to describe the characteristics of the scales in an Eastern-Central European country, as well as to check its external validity by the Child Depression Inventory, and to evaluate its feasibility in clinical practice and school psychology services.

Methods

The sample consisted of 323 primary and secondary schools students (137 boys and 186 girls), aged 10–18 years. They completed the Kerns’ Security Scale and the Child Depression Inventory.

Results

statistical analysis has revealed that the items of the security questionnaire can be divided into three subscales, namely: Reliance, Availability, and Autonomy support. The mothers’ subscale scores are higher than fathers’ subscale scores (Reliance: t = 7.1, p < .001; Availability t = 8.9, p < .001; Autonomy support t = 3.2, p < .01).

Conclusion

The results supported the three factor model of the KSS, and recommended to apply for clinical practice and in school psychology services.

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