Authors:
Éva D. Molnár SZTE Neveléstudományi Intézet, Neveléselmélet Tanszék, Szeged

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Dénes Kovács SZTE ÁOK Gyermekgyógyászati Klinika és Gyermek Egészségügyi Központ, Szeged

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Elméleti háttér: A kisgyermekek körében végzett temperamentumkutatások egyik legismertebb és leggyakrabban használt mérőeszköze a 3–8 éveseknek szánt Gyermeki Viselkedés Kérdőív (Children's Behavior Questionnaire; CBQ), amely különböző változatokban is létezik, és amelynek magyar nyelvű változata ezidáig nem állt rendelkezésünkre. Cél: Tanulmányunk célja a CBQ legrövidebb változatának (CBQ VS) magyar adaptációja és a mérőeszköz pszichometriai mutatóinak ismertetése a hazai kutatók számára. Módszerek: Vizsgálatunkban 5–7 éves gyermekek (n = 201) és szüleik (n = 201) vettek részt három magyarországi településről. A kérdőívet a gyermekek szülei (176 anya és 25 apa) töltötték ki. A CBQ VS-H mellett vizsgáltuk a gyermekek végrehajtó funkcióit is a HTKS és Day-Night tesztekkel. Eredmények: Az exploratív faktoranalízis eredményeként a magyar verzióban, hasonlóan az eredeti változathoz, három faktor különült el, amelyek jó belső megbízhatósági mutatókkal rendelkeztek: Erőfeszítés alapú kontroll (Cronbach-α: 0,76), Extraverzió (Cronbach-α: 0,78), Negatív érzelmi viszonyulás (Cronbach-α: 0,74). A temperamentum vizsgált dimenziói függetlennek bizonyultak a kitöltő személyétől (anya vagy apa), életkorától, családi állapotától és iskolai végzettségétől. Következtetések: Eredményeink alapján a Gyermeki Viselkedés Kérdőív legrövidebb változatának magyar verziója (CBQ VS-H) megbízhatóan működik, és alkalmasnak tekinthető a kisgyermekek temperamentumának és annak három dimenziójának vizsgálatára.

Theoretical background: One of the most widely accepted and used measurement in temperament research is Children's Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ), which was designed to caregiver report of 3- to 8-year-old children's temperament. There has been no available Hungarian version so far. Aim: The aim of our study is to present the adaptation of Hungarian version of the Children's Behavior Questionnaire very short form (CBQ VS) and to present these psychometric properties. Method: The sample were 5–7 years old children (N = 201) and their parents (N = 201) from three Hungarian cities. The CBQ VS-H questionnaire was completed by parents (mother N = 176, father N = 25). Besides the CBQ VS-H we measured children's executive functions by HTKS and Day-Night tests. Results: Explorative factor analysis provided, similar to the original version, three main factors in adapted version with good internal consistency values: Effortful control (Cronbach's alpha: .76), Surgency (Cronbach's alpha: .78), Negative Affect (Cronbach's alpha: .74). Dimensions of temperament were independent of sociodemographic characteristics (person – mother or father, age, education). Conclusions: Based on our results, the Hungarian version of Children's Behavior Questionnaire very short form (CBQ VS) is a reliable and valid measurement for assessing three dimensions of children's temperament.

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2020  
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Mentálhigiéné és Pszichoszomatika
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