Author:
Gábor VonaSemmelweis Egyetem, Mentális Egészségtudományok Doktori Iskola, Budapest, Magyarország

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A 2019 végén Kínából kiinduló, majd az egész világon szétterjedő COVID–19-járvány az emberiség meghatározó történelmi tapasztalata. Az emberek a koronavírussal háromféle formában találkoznak: a saját vagy a környezetükben történő megbetegedések által, a járványról szóló társadalmi diskurzus során és a különféle szigorítások, lezárások következményeként. Mindez pszichés terhet ró az emberekre, amelynek hatására kimutathatóan növekedik a halálszorongás és a mentális zavarok előfordulási gyakorisága. Jelen közlemény arra tesz kísérletet, hogy a pandémia pszichés hatásairól szóló tudományos kutatásokat a terrormenedzsment-elmélet (Terror Management Theory, TMT) szemszögéből mutassa be. A TMT központi gondolata, hogy az ember általános ősélménye a halálszorongás, amely egyfajta alapját képezi a lelki működésünknek, viselkedésünknek, egyúttal pszichés zavarainknak is. A halálszorongással szemben proximális és disztális formában védekezünk, megakadályozva, hogy annak növekedése komoly mentális zavarokat okozzon. Az elmélet rövid ismertetése után a TMT vizsgálati módszereivel készült legújabb kutatások és tanulmányok fényében bemutatásra kerül a koronavírus-járvány halálszorongásra és különféle pszichés zavarokra gyakorolt hatása. A pandémia a halálszorongás elleni mindkét megküzdési formát meggyengíti, amely a TMT égisze alatt végzett kutatások eredményei szerint nem csupán a halálszorongás közvetlen növekedéséért, de a különféle mentális zavarok erősödéséért is felelős. A pandémia és a mentális állapot pozitív irányú elmozdulásával kapcsolatban is születtek vizsgálati eredmények, ezek ismertetése után a tanulmányt egyes TMT-kutatók által megfogalmazott javaslatok zárják.

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  • László Csaba DÉGI (Babeş-Bolyai Tudományegyetem, Kolozsvár, Románia)
  • Zsolt DEMETROVICS (Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • Barna KONKOLŸ THEGE (Waypoint Centre for Mental Health Care, Penetanguishene, Canada)
  • Karolina KÓSA (University of Debrecen, Debrecen)
  • Márta NOVÁK (University of Toronto, University Health Network, Toronto, Canada)
  • Bettina PIKÓ (University of Szeged, Szeged)
  • József RÁCZ (Semmelweis University, Budapest; Eötvös University, Budapest)
  • István TIRINGER (University of Pécs, Pécs)

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0,127
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Psychiatry and Mental Health (Q4)
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Psychiatry and Mental Health 485/529 (Q4)
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology 62/65 (Q4)
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2020  
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Psychiatry and Mental Health 452/502 (Q4)
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77
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Days from submission to acceptance 140
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2019  
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10
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0,127
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Scopus
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Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology 59/61 (Q4)
Psychiatry and Mental Health 442/506 (Q4)
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Scopus
Cites
67
Scopus
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18

 

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Mentálhigiéné és Pszichoszomatika
Language English
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2000
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